Important factors in residential complex architecture in Tabriz

The architectural aspects of residential complexes are of the important and effective variables in urban structure. The formation of these dimensions reflects some social, economic, political and environmental conditions. To neglect the affecting factors in housing architecture dimensions causes problems and uncertainty in urban planning. This paper intends to evaluate the impact of different economic, social, political, and urban, climate, geological, cultural and religious considerations and their sub-criteria on the architecture of residential complexes in Tabriz, a city in Iran. The architects, urban planners and designers were asked to specify the importance of each of these factors in the formation of architectural dimensions of residential complexes. Using an Analytic Hierarchy Process method (AHP), the role of specified factors in the design of residential complexes in Tabriz was discussed and then these factors were ranked based on their impact. The results showed that economic, political and social factors were more effective than the urban, climatic, geological, cultural and religious considerations on the architecture of residential complexes. According to results, profitability has the highest importance and cultural and religious considerations have the lowest weight.


Arnheim, R. (2009). The dynamics of architectural form. Univ of California Press.

Art and Architecture Journal (2012). The Formation of Residential Complexes in Iran and the World. (27), 94-99 (In Persian).

Azizi, M., and Malek Mohammadnejad, S. (2007). Comparative Study of Two Patterns of Residential Complexes (Conventional and high-rise), Fine Arts journal, (32), 27-38 (In Persian).

Bahreini, S.H. (2011). Modernization, post modernization and then urbanization. Tehran University (In Persian).

Boalt, C. (1992). Village housing in Tanzania: a pilot study of four villages in transition. University of Lund, School of Architecture, Department of Building Functions Analysis.

Branch, S., & Saghez, I. (2013). The role of climate factors on designing and constructing buildings (from urbanization architecture approach). Bull. Env. Pharmacol. Life Sci, 3(1), 197-200.

De Chiara, J., & Callender, J. H. (Eds.). (1990). Time-saver standards for building types. New York: Mc- Graw-Hill.

Childs, E. M. (2010). Geology, culture, and the built environment: An interpretive center for the Berkeley Pit. University of Maryland, College Park.

Daneshpoor, S., A., H., Mahdavinia, M., & Ghiaie M., M. (2009). The Position of the Knowledge of Environmental Psychology in Tall Buildings with Sustainable Architecture. City Identity, 5, 29-38 (In Persian).

Duly, C., & Duly, C. (1979). The houses of mankind (No. 728.18). Thames and Hudson.

Ghadiali, J.H. (1959). Effect of Cli-mate on Architectural Expression. In Seminar on Architecture, Edited by Achyut P. Kanvinde. New Delhi: Lalit Kala Akademi.

Hadipoor, M., & Pooribrahim, Sh., (2011). Locating residential land use in urban transportation planning by the application of gis and mathematical emission modeling of air pollution. Journal of Environmental Studies, (59). 135-148 (In Persian).

Hunter-Anderson, R. L. (1977). A theoretical approach to the study of house form. For theory building in archaeology. Edited by Lewis Binford, pp. 287-315. New York: Academic Press.

Iran Statistics Center, Population and Housing Census (1996) (In Persian).

Iranmanesh, E., NosratPoor, D; Mirshak Dagian, M., Hadi, M (2005). Provide local housing design patterns with emphasis on design elements climatology case: Kerman. Quarterly Journal of Urban Management, (38), 347-370 (In Persian).

Jalalian, S., Habib, F., & Zakerhaqiqi, K., (2016). Compilation of a conceptual model of environmental factors affecting the security of residential complexes. Science and Technology of the Environment, 4, 345-360 (In Persian).

Katende, J. (1983). Housing conditions and some of their related socio-economic and demographic aspects: A case study of Bushenyi district-Uganda, Doctoral dissertation.

Khaki Qasr, A., (2012). The development of the subject of order in architecture as one of the manifestations of quality. Urban and local Architecture, (2), 63-80 (In Persian).

Kibet, A. (1992). The influence of socio-cultural and economic factors on architectural changes of houseforms in mosop, nandi district. Doctoral dissertation, Institute of African Studies, University of Nairobi.

Kil, S. H., Lee, D. K., Kim, J. H., Li, M. H., & Newman, G. (2016). Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process to establish weighted values for evaluating the stability of slope revegetation based on hydroseeding applications in South Korea. Sustainability, 8(1), 58.

Kimati, V., A. Helland and Z. Poonja. (1976), Housing Development in Killimanjaro, Working Report No 6, National Housing and Building Research Unit. Darussalam.

Kiprono, M. (1989). An explanatory of analysis traditional built form versus social life: Case study in Keiyo and Marakwet of Kenya, B. Arch Dessertation, Dpartment of Architecture, university of Nirobi.

Kukreja, C. P. (1978). Tropical architecture. Tata McGraw-Hill.

Madge, J. (1968). Housing: social aspects. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, 6, 516-517.

Mahmoodi, M., (2017). Criteria of aesthetics and abnormal urban imagery. Citizenship Culture (In Persian).

McGraw-Hill Construction, & US Green Building Council. (2006). Green building Smartmarket report. McGraw Hill Construction in conjunction with US Green Building Council.

Mehrgan, M. R., (2004). Advanced Operational Research. University Press. Publications and Printing Publishing (In Persian). Newman, O. (2008). Defensible Space; Crime Prevention through Urban Design. (In Persian)

Noghrehcar, A. H., (2008). An Introduction to Islamic Identity in Architecture and Urban Development. Tehran: Ministry of Housing and Urban Development. First Edition (In Persian).

Pirmohammadi, M., & Rafiei, V., (2015). The impact of climatic factors on building design and the way to sustainable design. National Conference on Civil and Architectural Approaches to Sustainable Development (In Persian).

Rappaport, A, (2012). Humanities of Housing. Translated by Khosrow Afzalian, Tehran, Artists press (In Persian).

Rappaport, A. (1969). House Form and Culture (Foundations of Cultural Geography Series). Pre New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Robbins, M. C. (1966). House types and settlement patterns: an application of ethnology to archaeological inter- pretation. Minnesota Archaeologist, 28(1), 3-26.

Shams, M., & Khodakarami M. (2010). The study of traditional architecture compatible with the cold climate. Geographic Quarterly, Environment Journal (4). 10-19 (In Persian). Shi’ae, I., (2003). The Need for Ur- ban Management in Iran. Geography and Developmen , 1, 37-62 (In Per- sian).

Varesi, H., Shiran, Gh., & Azizi Hasanvand, H. (2015). Locating Bus Stations with ANP Model and Fuzzy Logic in GIS (Case Study: Khorram- abad City). Urban Research and De- velopment Journal, (23). 55-76 (In Per- sian).

Whiting, J. W., & Ayres, B. (1968). Inferences from the shape of dwell- ings. Settlement Archaeology, 117- 133.

Kaynak Göster