Öğretmenden Öğrenciye Yönelik Olan Fiziksel Şiddet: Nicel Bir Araştırma

Okulda þiddet, alanla ilgili kaynaklarda ve medyada oldukça yer almaktadýr. Fakat bu yayýnlarda çoðunlukla öðrencilerin þiddet ve zorbalýk davranýþlarý iþlenmiþtir. Oysaki öðretmenlerin uyguladýklarý þiddet vardýr ki konunun doðasýndan olsa gerek çok fazla kabul görüp araþtýrýlmamýþtýr. Bu nedenle, bu çalýþmanýn amacý, dünyada yeni bir fenomen olan , daha önce üzerinde çok az araþtýrma yapýlan ve bizde de yeni bir konu olan, öðretmenlerden öðrencilere yönelik fiziksel þiddet olaylarýný incelemektir. Yöntem olarak da nicel araþtýrmalarýn bir alt boyutu olan tarihsel arþiv araþtýrmasý kullanýlmýþtýr. Bu amaçla 2001 yýlýndan 2006 yýlý sonuna kadar ulusal düzeyde yayýn yapan 16 gazete ve 11 TV kanalýnýn internet sayfalarý taranmýþ ve öðretmenleri tarafýndan dövülen, çeþitli þekillerde fiziksel zorbalýða uðrayan öðrenciler belirlenmiþtir. Bu baðlamda, 172 olay belirlenmiþ ve bunlar analiz edilerek; fiziksel þiddet uygulayan öðretmenlerin, fiziksel þiddete maruz kalan öðrencilerin cinsiyetleri, fiziksel þiddetin olduðu mekan ve fiziksel þiddeti ortaya çýkaran nedenler araþtýrýlmýþtýr. Elde edilen bulgular daha önceki literatür verileriyle ve baþka ülkelerde yapýlan çalýþmalarla karþýlaþtýrýlmýþ ve þiddetle ilgili duyarlýlýðýn artýrýlmasý için gerekli önerilerde bulunulmuþtur.

VIOLENCE THAT EMERGES FROM TEACHERS TOWARD STUDENTS: A QUANTITATIVE INVESTIGATION

School violence become a notorious theme in literature as well as in media. It is mostly focused on student violence and bullying behaviors. However, there are also teacher induced violence that has been not well acknowledged due to its sensitive nature. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to only examine violence that emerged from teachers towards their students. The study is designed as a quantitative research with an archival approach. For this reason, 16 newspapers and 11 TV web sites were screened for violent news from the year 2001 to 2006. Then, the physically violent events have been classified and subjected to frekans analysis. The news were limited to the violent actions that emerged from teacher towards their students. Then, the physically violent events have been classified and subjected to frekans analysis. One hundred and seventy two cases were identified and analyzed in order to determine the gender of most violent teachers, the students who has frequently exposed to violence, the palaces that most of the violence acts has taken place, and the reasons that triggers teacher violence. Findings were also discussed with in lights of previous literature and data from other countries. 

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