Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey

Mafic and felsic igneous rocks in the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (KMC) in the northwestern margin of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC) are classified into 4 groups: i) granitoid pluton including granite, granodiorite, and monzonite; ii) a few meter-scale porphyritic microgranite enclaves within the hybrid rocks; iii) hybrid rocks formed by mixing/mingling of mafic lavas (basaltic/diabasic/lamprophyric), anorthositic, and/or rhyolitic lavas; iv) diabasic dykes/veins within the granitoid pluton. Major element composition of the granitoid pluton and porphyritic microgranite enclaves within the hybrid rocks indicate subalkaline, calc-alkaline, and mostly I-type characteristics. These rocks are mainly peraluminous with aluminum saturation index > 1, but mainly between 1 and 1.1, indicating transitional peraluminous. On the tectonomagmatic discrimination diagrams (Y vs. Nb and (Y+Nb) vs. Rb diagrams), all the granitic and monzonitic rock suites from the complex fall mostly in the VAG+Syn-COLG and VAG fields respectively, suggesting arc-related origin. On the R1 vs. R2 tectonic diagram, the granitic rocks display distribution from preplate collision to syncollision field, but quartz-monzonitic samples plot within the postcollision uplift field. Based on limited geological, petrographic, and geochemical results, the tectonomagmatic evolution of the KMC can be summarized as follow: i) initiation of subduction of the Inner Tauride oceanic lithosphere beneath the CACC during the Late Cretaceous time; ii) underplating of partial melts derived from subducted slab and/or mantle wedge, which provided enough heat for partial melting of the mafic lower crust and generation of granitic magma; iii) slab detachment following the continent–continent collision that resulted in tensional forces within the overlying continental crust, which allowed the intrusion of the granitic magma to the upper crust, also cutting the central Anatolian ophiolites, from the Late Cretaceous to most likely the Paleocene time. The hybrid rocks formed by mixing/mingling of the mafic, anorthositic, and/or rhyolitic magmas most likely indicate their injection into a partly crystalline granitic magmatic system just after crystallization of granitic magma in the upper crust. However, this model is open to discussion and needs to be investigated using isotope data in future studies.

Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey

Mafic and felsic igneous rocks in the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (KMC) in the northwestern margin of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex (CACC) are classified into 4 groups: i) granitoid pluton including granite, granodiorite, and monzonite; ii) a few meter-scale porphyritic microgranite enclaves within the hybrid rocks; iii) hybrid rocks formed by mixing/mingling of mafic lavas (basaltic/diabasic/lamprophyric), anorthositic, and/or rhyolitic lavas; iv) diabasic dykes/veins within the granitoid pluton. Major element composition of the granitoid pluton and porphyritic microgranite enclaves within the hybrid rocks indicate subalkaline, calc-alkaline, and mostly I-type characteristics. These rocks are mainly peraluminous with aluminum saturation index > 1, but mainly between 1 and 1.1, indicating transitional peraluminous. On the tectonomagmatic discrimination diagrams (Y vs. Nb and (Y+Nb) vs. Rb diagrams), all the granitic and monzonitic rock suites from the complex fall mostly in the VAG+Syn-COLG and VAG fields respectively, suggesting arc-related origin. On the R1 vs. R2 tectonic diagram, the granitic rocks display distribution from preplate collision to syncollision field, but quartz-monzonitic samples plot within the postcollision uplift field. Based on limited geological, petrographic, and geochemical results, the tectonomagmatic evolution of the KMC can be summarized as follow: i) initiation of subduction of the Inner Tauride oceanic lithosphere beneath the CACC during the Late Cretaceous time; ii) underplating of partial melts derived from subducted slab and/or mantle wedge, which provided enough heat for partial melting of the mafic lower crust and generation of granitic magma; iii) slab detachment following the continent–continent collision that resulted in tensional forces within the overlying continental crust, which allowed the intrusion of the granitic magma to the upper crust, also cutting the central Anatolian ophiolites, from the Late Cretaceous to most likely the Paleocene time. The hybrid rocks formed by mixing/mingling of the mafic, anorthositic, and/or rhyolitic magmas most likely indicate their injection into a partly crystalline granitic magmatic system just after crystallization of granitic magma in the upper crust. However, this model is open to discussion and needs to be investigated using isotope data in future studies.

Kaynakça

Akıman O, Erler A, Göncüoğlu MC, Güleç N, Geven A, Türeli TK, Kadıoğlu YK (1993). Geochemical characteristics of granitoids along the western margin of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex and their tectonic implications. Geol J 28: 371–382.

Akıncı AC (2008). Yahşihan (Kırıkkale) ve civarının tektono- stratigrafisi. MSc, Çukurova University, Adana, Turkey (in Turkish).

Alpaslan M, Boztuğ D, Frei R, Temel A, Kurt MA (2006). Geochemical and Pb–Sr–Nd isotopic composition of the ultrapotassic volcanic rocks from the extension-related Çamardı-Ulukışla basin, Niğde Province, Central Anatolia, Turkey. J Asian Earth Sci 27: 613–627.

Atherton MP, Ghani AA (2002). Slab breakoff: a model for Caledonian, Late Granite syn-collisional magmatism in the orthotectonic (metamorphic) zone of Scotland and Donegal, Ireland. Lithos 62: 65– 85.

Awdankiewicz M (2007). Late Palaeozoic lamprophyres and associated mafic subvolcanic rocks of the Sudetes (SW Poland): petrology, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Geologica Sudetica 39: 11–97.

Barbarin B (1999). A review of the relationships between granitoid types, their origins and their geodynamic environments. Lithos 46: 605–626.

Batchelor RA, Bowden P (1985). Petrogenetic interpretation of granitoid rock series using multicationic parameters. Chem Geol 48: 43–55.

Bea F, Montero P, Molina J (1999). Mafic precursors, peraluminous granitoids, and late lamprophyres in the Avila batholith: a model for the generation of Variscan Batholiths in Iberia. J Geol 107: 399–419.

Bonin B (2007). A-type granites and related rocks: evolution of a concept, problems and prospects. Lithos 97: 1–29.

Bozkurt E (2001). Neotectonics of Turkey-a synthesis. Geodin Acta 14: 3–30.

Boztuğ D (1998). Post-collisional central Anatolian alkaline plutonism, Turkey. Turk J Earth Sci 7: 145–165.

Boztuğ D (2000). S-I-A-type intrusive associations: geodynamic significance of synchronism between metamorphism and magmatism in Central Anatolia, Turkey. In: Bozkurt E, Winchester JA, Piper JDA, editors. Tectonics and Magmatism in Turkey and the Surrounding Area. J Geol Soc London Special Publications 173: 441–458.

Boztuğ D, Arehart GB (2007). Oxygen and sulfur isotope geochemistry revealing a significant crustal signature in the genesis of the post- collisional granitoids, in central Anatolia, Turkey. J Asian Earth Sci 30: 403–416.

Boztuğ D, Güney Ö, Heizler M, Jonckheere RC, Tichomirowa M, Otlu N (2009). Pb- Pb, Ar- Ar and Fission-track geothermochronology quantifying cooling and exhumation history of the Kaman- Kırşehir region intrusions, Central Anatolia, Turkey. Turk J Earth Sci 18: 85–108.

Boztuğ D, Harlavan Y, Arehart GB, Satır M, Avcı N (2007a). K-Ar age, whole-rock and isotope geochemistry of A-type granitoids in the Divriği-Sivas region, eastern-central Anatolia, Turkey. Lithos 97: 193–218.

Boztuğ D, Jonckheere RC (2007). Apatite fission track data from central Anatolian granitoids (Turkey): constraints on Neo-Tethyan closure. Tectonics 26: TC3011.

Boztuğ D, Temiz H, Jonckheere RC, Ratschbacher L (2008). Punctuated exhumation and foreland basin formation and infilling in (Circum)-Central Anatolia (Turkey) associated with the Neo- Tethyan closure. Turk J Earth Sci 17: 673–684.

Boztuğ D, Tichomirowa M, Bombach K (2007b). 207Pb-206Pb single- zircon evaporation ages of some granitoid rocks reveal continent- oceanic island arc collision during the Cretaceous geodynamic evolution of the central Anatolian crust, Turkey. J Asian Earth Sci 31: 71–86.

Christofides G, Perugini D, Koroneos A, Soldatos T, Poli G, Eleftheriadis G, Del Moro A, Neiva AM (2007). Interplay between geochemistry and magma dynamics during magma interaction: an example from the Sithonia Plutonic Complex (NE Greece). Lithos 95: 243–266.

Clark M, Robertson A (2005). Uppermost Cretaceous-lower Tertiary Ulukışla Basin, South-central Turkey: sedimentary evolution of part of a unified basin complex within an evolving Neotethyan suture zone. Sediment Geol 173: 15–51.

Czamanske GK, Bohlen SR (1990). The Stillwater Complex and its anorthosites: an accident of magmatic underplating. Am Mineral 75: 37–45.

Dacheng J, Ruizhong H, Yan L, Guiqing X, Xuelin Q (2004). Characteristics of the mantle source region of sodium lamprophyres and petrogenetic tectonic setting in northeastern Hunan, China. Science in China Series D 47: 559–569.

Davies JH, von Blanckenburg F (1995). Slab-breakoff: a model of lithosphere detachment and its test in the magmatism and deformation of collisional orogens. Earth Planet Sc Lett 129: 85–102.

Delibaş O, Genç Y (2004). Origin and formation processes of iron, copper-molybdenum and lead mineralisations of Karacaali (Kırıkkale) Magmatic Complex. Geol Bull Turkey 47: 47–60.

Delibaş O, Genç Y (2012). Re-Os molybdenite ages of granitoid- hosted Mo–Cu occurrences from central Anatolia (Turkey). Ore Geology Reviews 44: 39–48.

Delibaş O, Genç Y, De Campos CP (2011). Magma mixing and unmixing related mineralization in the Karacaali Magmatic Complex, central Anatolia, Turkey. In: Sial AN, Bettencourt JS, De Campos CP, Ferreira VP, editors. Granite-Related Ore Deposits. J Geol Soc London Special Publications 350: 149–

Dilek Y, Moores EM (1990). Regional tectonics of the eastern Mediterranean ophiolites. In: Malpas J, Moores EM, Panayiotou A, Xenophontos C, editors. Ophiolites, Oceanic Crustal Analogues. Proceedings of Symposium “Troodos 1987”. Nicosia, Cyprus: The Geological Survey Department, pp. 295–309.

Dilek Y, Thy P, Hacker B, Grundvi S (1999). Structure and petrology of Tauride dike intrusions (Turkey): implications for the Neotethyan ocean. Geol Soc Am Bull 111: 1192–1216.

Dilek Y, Whitney DL (2000). Cenozoic crustal evolution in Central Anatolia: extension, magmatism and landscape development. In: Panayides I, Xenophontos C, Malpas J, editors. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on the Geology of the Eastern Mediterranean. Nicosia, Cyprus: The Geological Survey Department, pp. 183–192.

Duchesne JC, Demaiffe D (1978). Trace elements and anorthosite genesis. Earth Planet Sc Lett 38: 249–272.

Düzgören-Aydın NS, Malpas J, Göncüoğlu MC, Erler A (2001). A review of the nature of magmatism in Central Anatolia during the Mesozoic pots-collisional period. Int Geol Rev 43: 695–710.

Fazlnia A, Moradian A, Rezaei K, Moazzen M, Alipour A (2007). Synchronous activity of anorthositic and S-type granitic magmas in Chah-Dozdan batholith, Neyriz, Iran: evidence of zircon SHRIMP and monazite CHIME dating. J Sci Islamic Republic of Iran 18: 221–237.

Floyd PA, Göncüoğlu MC, Winchester J, Yalınız MK (2000). Geochemical character and tectonic environment of Neotethyan ophiolitic fragments and metabasites in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey. In: Bozkurt E, Winchester JA, Piper JDA, editors. Tectonics and Magmatism in Turkey and the Surrounding Area. J Geol Soc London Special Publications 173: 183–202.

Giunta G, Beccaluva L, Siena F (2006). Caribbean Plate margin evolution: constraints and current problems. Geologica Acta 4: 265–277.

Göncüoğlu MC, Toprak V, Kuşcu İ, Erler A, Olgun E (1991). Orta Anadolu Masifinin Bati Bölümünün Jeolojisi, Bölüm 1: Güney Kesim. Ankara, Turkey: Türkiye Petrolleri Anonim Ortaklığı Rapor No. 2909 (in Turkish).

Görür N, Tüysüz O, Şengör AMC (1998). Tectonic evolution of the central Anatolian basins. Int Geol Rev 40: 831–850.

Gürer ÖF, Aldanmaz E (2002). Origin of the Upper Cretaceous- Tertiary sedimentary basins within the Tauride-Anatolide platform in Turkey. Geol Mag 139: 191–197.

Hickey-Vargas R (2005). Basalt and tonalite from the Amami Plateau, northern West Philippine Basin: new early Cretaceous ages and geochemical results, and their petrologic and tectonic implications. Isl Arc 14: 653–665.

İbrahim ME, Saleh GM, Dawood NA, Aly GM (2010). Ocellar lamprophyre dyke bearing mineralization, Wadi Nugrus, Eastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, mineralogy and geochemical implications. J Geol Min Research 2: 74–86.

İlbeyli N, Pearce JA, Meighan IG, Fallick AE (2009). Contemporaneous late Cretaceous calc-alkaline and alkaline magmatism in central Anatolia, Turkey: oxygen isotope constraints on petrogenesis. Turk J Earth Sci 18: 529–547.

İlbeyli N, Pearce JA, Thirwall MF, Mitchell JG (2004). Petrogenesis of collision-related plutonics in central Anatolia, Turkey. Lithos 72: 163–182.

Irvine TN, Baragar WRA (1971). A guide to the chemical classification of the common volcanic rocks. Can J Earth Sci 8: 523–548.

Jackson TA, Lewis JF, Scott PW, Manning PAS (1998). The petrology of lamprophyre dikes in the Above Rocks Granitoid, Jamaica: evidence of rifting above a subduction zone during the early Tertiary. Caribbean Journal Science 34: 1–11.

Kadıoğlu YK, Dilek Y (2010). Structure and geochemistry of the adakitic Horoz granitoid, Bolkar Mountains, South-central Turkey, and its tectonomagmatic evolution. Int Geol Rev 52: 505–536.

Kadıoğlu YK, Dilek Y, Foland KA (2006). Slab break-off and syncollisional origin of the Late Cretaceous magmatism in the Central Anatolian crystalline complex, Turkey. Geol Soc Am Special Paper 409: 381–415.

Kadıoğlu YK, Dilek Y, Güleç N, Foland KA (2003). Tectonomagmatic evolution of bimodal plutons in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey. J Geol 111: 671–690.

Kadıoğlu YK, Güleç N (1996). Mafic microgranular enclaves and interaction between felsic and mafic magmas in the Ağaçören Intrusive Suite: evidence from petrographic features and mineral chemistry. Int Geol Rev 38: 854–867.

Kim SW, Oh CW, Choi SG, Ryu IC, Itaya AT (2005). Ridge subduction-related Jurassic plutonism in and around the Okcheon Metamorphic Belt, South Korea, and implications for northeast Asian tectonics. Int Geol Rev 47: 248–269.

Koç Ş, Kaya C (2002). Karacaali (Kırıkkale) demir cevherleşmelerinin yan kayacı olan bazaltik kayaçların kökeni ve jeotektonik ortamları. Selçuk Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi 17: 65–83 (in Turkish).

Kocak K, Isık F, Arslan M, Zedef V (2005). Petrological and source region characteristics of ophiolitic hornblende gabbros from the Aksaray and Kayseri regions, central Anatolian crystalline complex, Turkey. J Asian Earth Sci 25: 883–891.

Koçak K, Leake BE (1994). The petrology of the Ortaköy District and its ophiolite at the western edge of the Middle Anatolian Massif, Turkey. J Afri Earth Sci 18: 163–174.

Köksal S, Göncüoğlu C (2008). Sr and Nd isotopic characteristics of some S-, I- and A-type granitoids from Central Anatolia. Turk J Earth Sci 117: 111–127.

Köksal S, Göncüoğlu MC, Toksoy-Köksal F, Möller A, Kemnitz H (2008). Zircon typologies and internal structures as petrogenetic indicators in contrasting granitoid types from central Anatolia, Turkey. Miner Petrol 93: 185–211.

Köksal S, Romer RL, Göncüoğlu MC, Toksoy-Köksal F (2004). Timing of post-collisional H-type to A-type granitic magmatism: U– Pb titanite ages from the Alpine central Anatolian granitoids (Turkey). Int J Earth Sci 93: 974–989.

Kolker A, Lindsley DH, Hanson GN (1990). Geochemical evolution of the Maloin Ranch pluton, Laramia Anorthositic Complex, Wyoming: trace elements and petrogenetic models. Am Mineral 75: 572–588.

Kuşcu İ, Kuşcu GG, Meinert LD, Floyd PA (2002). Tectonic setting of the Çelebi Granitoid, (Kırıkkale-Turkey) and comparison with world skarn granitoids. J Geochem Expl 76: 175–194.

Lefebvre C, Meijers MJM, Kaymakci N, Peynircioglu A, Langereis CG, van Hinsbergene DJJ (2013). Reconstructing the geometry of central Anatolia during the late cretaceous: large-scale Cenozoic rotations and deformation between the Pontides and Taurides. Earth Planet Sc Lett 366: 83–98.

Leite RJ, Janasi VA, Martins L (2006). Contamination in mafic mineral-rich calc-alkaline granites: a geochemical and Sr-Nd isotope study of the Neoproterozoic Piedade Granite, SE Brazil. An Acad Bras Ciênc 78: 345–371.

Longhi J, Fram MS, Auwera JV, Montieth JN (1993). Pressure effects, kinetics, and rheology of anorthositic and related magmas. Am Mineral 78: 1016–1030.

Macdonald R, Rock MS, Rundle CC, Russell OJ (1986). Relationships between late Caledonian lamprophyric, syenitic, and granitic magmas in a differentiated dyke, southern Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 50: 547–557.

Maji AK, Ghosh P (2010). An overview on geochemistry of Proterozoic massif-type anorthosite and associated rocks. J Earth Syst Sci 119: 861–878.

Maniar PD, Piccoli PM (1989). Tectonic discrimination of granitoids. Geol Soc Am Bull 101: 635–643.

Mitchell JN, Scotes JS, Frost CD, Kolker A (1996). The geochemical evolution of anorthosite residual magmas in the Laramie Anorthosite Complex, Wyoming. J Petrol 37: 637–660.

Mitchell RH (1994). The lamprophyre facies. Miner Petrol 51: 137– 146.

Nagudi B, Koeberl C, Kurat G (2003). Petrography and geochemistry of the Singo granite, Uganda, and implications for its origin. J Afr Earth Sci 36: 73–87.

Namur O, Charlier B, Pirard C, Hermann J, Lıegeous JP, Auwera JV (2011). Anorthosite formation by plagioclase flotation in ferrobasalt and implications for the lunar crust. Geochim Cosmochim Ac 75: 4998–5018.

Okay AI, Tansel I, Tüysüz O (2001). Obduction, subduction and collision as reflected in the upper Cretaceous-lower Eocene sedimentary record of western Turkey. Geol Mag 138: 117–142.

Okay AI, Tüysüz O (1999). Tethyan sutures of northern Turkey. In Duran B, Jolivet L, Horvath F, Séranne M, editors. The Mediterranean Basins: Tertiary Extension Within the Alpine Orogen. J Geol Soc London Special Publication 156: 475–515.

Önal A, Boztuğ D, Kürüm S, Harlavan Y, Arehart GB, Arslan M (2005). K-Ar age determination, whole-rock and oxygen isotope geochemistry of the post-collisional Bizmişen and Çaltı plutons, SW Erzincan, eastern Central Anatolia, Turkey. Geol J 40: 457–476.

Özdamar Ş, Billor MZ, Sunal G, Esenli F, Roden MF (2013). First U– Pb SHRIMP zircon and 40Ar/39Ar ages of metarhyolites from the Afyon–Bolkardag Zone, SW Turkey: Implications for the rifting and closure of the Neo-Tethys. Gondwana Research 24: 377–391.

Özdamar Ş, Roden MF, Esenli F, Uz B, Wampler JM (2012). Geochemistry and K-Ar ages of metasedimentary and metasomatized high-K metavolcanics rocks in the Afyon- Bolkardağ Zone (Ilgin-Konya), SW Turkey. N Jb Miner Abh 189: 155–176.

Özer CK, Koç Ş, Öksüz N (2011). Geochemical constraints on the origin of Karacaali (Kırıkkale) hydrothermal iron mineralization, Turkey. Aust J Bas Appl Sci 5: 687–699.

Pearce JA, Harris NBW, Tindle AG (1984). Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. J Petrol 25: 956–983.

Philipp RP, Lusa M, Nardi LVS (2008). Petrology of dioritic, tonalitic and trondhjemitic gneisses from Encantadas Complex, Santana da Boa Vista, southernmost Brazil: paleoproterozoic continental-arc magmatism. Ann Braz Acad Sci 80: 735–748.

Plá Cid J, Rios DC, Conceição H (2006). Petrogenesis of mica- amphibole-bearing lamprophyres associated with the Paleoproterozoic Morro do Afonso syenite intrusion, eastern Brazil. J S Am Earth Sci 22: 98–115.

Pourteau A, Sudo M, Candan O, Lanari P, Vidal O, Oberhänsli R (2013). Neotethys closure history of Anatolia: insight from 40Ar–39Ar geochronology and P–T estimation in high-pressure metasediments. J Metamorph Geol 31: 585–606.

Prabhakar BC, Jayananda M, Shareef M, Kano T (2009). Synplutonic mafic injections into crystallizing granite pluton from Gurgunta area, northern part of eastern Dharwar Craton: implications for magma chamber processes. J Geol Soc India 74: 171–188.

Robertson AHF, Dixon JE (1984). Introduction: aspects of the geological evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean. In: Dixon JE, Robertson AHF, editors. The Geological Evolution of the Eastern Mediterranean. London, UK: Geology Society of London Special Publications, pp. 1–74.

Rushmer T (1991). Partial melting of two amphibolites: contrasting experimental results under fluid-absent conditions. Contrib Mineral Petr 107: 41–59.

Şengör AMC, Yılmaz Y (1981). Tethyan evolution of Turkey: a plate tectonic approach. Tectonophysics 75: 181–241.

Sheppard S (1995). Hybridization of shoshonitic lamprophyres and calc-alkaline granite magma in the Early Proterozoic Mt Bundey igneous suite, Northern Territory. Aust J Earth Sci 42: 173–185.

Shervais JW (2008). Tonalites, trondhjemites, and diorites of the Elder Creek ophiolite, California: low-pressure slab melting and reaction with the mantle wedge. In: Wright JE, Shervais JW, editors. Ophiolites, Arcs, and Batholiths: A Tribute to Cliff Hopson. Geol Soc Am Spec Paper 438: 113–132.

Streckeisen A, Le Maitre RW (1979). A chemical approximation to the modal QAPF classification of igneous rocks. N Jb Miner Abh 136: 169–206.

Sun SS, McDonough WF (1989). Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. In: Saunders AD, Norry MJ, editors. Magmatism in Ocean Basins. J Geol Soc London Spec Publ 42: 313–347.

Tankut A, Dilek Y, Önen P (1998). Petrology and geochemistry of the Neo-Tethyan volcanism as revealed in the Ankara melange, Turkey. J Volcanol Geot Res 85: 265–284.

Tatar S, Boztuğ D (2005). The syn-collisional Danacıobası biotite leucogranite derived from the crustal thickening in central Anatolia (Kırıkkale), Turkey. Geol J 40: 571–591.

Toksoy-Köksal, F, Oberhaensly R, Göncüoğlu MC (2009). Hydrous aluminosilicate metasomatism in an intra-oceanic subduction zone: implications from the Kurancali (Turkey) ultramafic- mafic cumulates within the Alpine Neotethys Ocean. Miner Petrol 95: 273–290.

Wang X, Wang T, Jahn BM, Hu N, Chen W (2007). Tectonic significance of late Triassic post-collisional lamprophyre dykes from the Qinling Mountains (China). Geol Mag 144: 837–848.

Wenge Z, Hongsen X, Yonggang L, Xiaogang Z, Zhidan Z, Hui Z (2005). Dehydration melting of solid amphibolite at 2.0 GPa: effects of time and temperature. Science in China Series D 48: 1120–1133.

Whalen JB, Jenner GA, Longstaffe FJ, Robert F, Gariepy C (1996). Geochemical and isotopic (O, Nd, Pb and Sr) constraints on A-type granite petrogenesis based on the Topsails igneous suite, Newfoundland Appalachians. J Petrol 37: 1463–1489.

Whalen JB, Percival JA, McNicoll V, Longstaffe FJ (2002). A mainly crustal origin for tonalitic granitoid rocks, Superior Province, Canada: tectonomagmatic processes. J Petrol 43: 1551–1570.

Whitney DL, Dilek Y (1997). Core complex development in central Anatolia, Turkey. Geology 25: 1023–1026.

Whitney DL, Dilek Y (2001). Metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the Hırkadağ Block, Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex. Turkish J Earth Sci 10: 1–15.

Whitney DL, Teyssier C, Dilek Y, Fayon AK (2001). Metamorphism of the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey: influence of orogen-normal collision vs. wrench-dominated tectonics on P-T-t paths. J Metamorph Geol 19: 411–432.

Wright JB (1975). Anorthosite-fist occurrence in Nigeria and relevance to younger granite genesis. Mineral Mag 40: 193–196.

Xu XW, Zhang BL, Qin KZ, Mao Q, Cai XP (2007). Origin of lamprophyres by the mixing of basic and alkaline melts in magma chamber in Beiya area, western Yunnan, China. Lithos 99: 339–362.

Yalınız MK, Aydın NS, Göncüoğlu MC, Parlak O (1999). Terlemez quartz monzonite of Central Anatolia (Aksaray–Sarıkaraman): age, petrogenesis and geotectonic implications for ophiolite emplacement. Geol J 34: 233–242.

Yalınız MK, Floyd PA, Göncüoğlu MC (1996). Supra-subduction zone ophiolites of Central Anatolia: geochemical evidence from the Sarıkaraman Ophiolite, Aksaray, Turkey. Mineral Mag 60: 697–710.

Yalınız MK, Floyd PA, Göncüoğlu MC (2000a). Petrology and geotectonic significance of plagiogranite from the Sarıkaraman ophiolite (Central Anatolia, Turkey). Ofioliti 25: 31–37.

Yalınız MK, Floyd PA, Göncüoğlu MC (2000b). Geochemistry of volcanic rocks from the Çiçekdağ Ophiolite, Central Anatolia, and their inferred tectonic setting within the northern branch of the Neotethyan Ocean. In: Bozkurt E, Winchester JA, Piper JDA, editors. Tectonics and Magmatism in Turkey and the Surrounding Area. J Geol Soc London Spec Pub 173: 203–218.

Yalınız MK, Göncüoğlu MC (1998). General geological characteristics and distribution of the central Anatolian ophiolites. Bull Earth Sci Appl Res Hacettepe University 20: 19–30.

Yalınız MK, Göncüoğlu MC, Özkan-Altıner S (2000c). Formation and emplacement of the SSZ-type Neotethyan ophiolites in central Anatolia, Turkey: palaotectonic implications. Geol J 35: 53–68.

Yan Q, Shi X, Liu J, Wang K, Bu W (2010). Petrology and geochemistry of Mesozoic granitic rocks from the Nansha micro-block, the South China Sea: constraints on the basement nature. J Asian Earth Sci 37: 130–139.

Zen E, Hammarstrom JM (1984). Magmatic epidote and its petrologic significance. Geology 12: 515–518.

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tbtkearth143900, journal = {Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences}, issn = {1300-0985}, eissn = {1303-619X}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2014}, volume = {23}, pages = {645 - 667}, doi = {10.3906/yer-1312-7}, title = {Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey}, key = {cite}, author = {Elitok, Ömer and Özdamar, Şenel and Bacak, Gürkan and Uz, Bektaş} }
APA Elitok, Ö , Özdamar, Ş , Bacak, G , Uz, B . (2014). Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences , 23 (6) , 645-667 . DOI: 10.3906/yer-1312-7
MLA Elitok, Ö , Özdamar, Ş , Bacak, G , Uz, B . "Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey" . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 23 (2014 ): 645-667 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkearth/issue/12039/143900>
Chicago Elitok, Ö , Özdamar, Ş , Bacak, G , Uz, B . "Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 23 (2014 ): 645-667
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey AU - Ömer Elitok , Şenel Özdamar , Gürkan Bacak , Bektaş Uz Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.3906/yer-1312-7 DO - 10.3906/yer-1312-7 T2 - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 645 EP - 667 VL - 23 IS - 6 SN - 1300-0985-1303-619X M3 - doi: 10.3906/yer-1312-7 UR - https://doi.org/10.3906/yer-1312-7 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey %A Ömer Elitok , Şenel Özdamar , Gürkan Bacak , Bektaş Uz %T Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey %D 2014 %J Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences %P 1300-0985-1303-619X %V 23 %N 6 %R doi: 10.3906/yer-1312-7 %U 10.3906/yer-1312-7
ISNAD Elitok, Ömer , Özdamar, Şenel , Bacak, Gürkan , Uz, Bektaş . "Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 23 / 6 (Haziran 2014): 645-667 . https://doi.org/10.3906/yer-1312-7
AMA Elitok Ö , Özdamar Ş , Bacak G , Uz B . Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2014; 23(6): 645-667.
Vancouver Elitok Ö , Özdamar Ş , Bacak G , Uz B . Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2014; 23(6): 645-667.
IEEE Ö. Elitok , Ş. Özdamar , G. Bacak ve B. Uz , "Geological, petrological, and geodynamical characteristics of the Karacaali Magmatic Complex (Kırıkkale) in the Central Anatolian Crystalline Complex, Turkey", Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, c. 23, sayı. 6, ss. 645-667, Haz. 2014, doi:10.3906/yer-1312-7