A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study

Turtleback surfaces are common elements of highly extended terrains all over the world. This paper presents a 3D model explaining the formation of turtleback surfaces based on field observations made on the Horzum Turtleback of the Alaşehir graben, western Turkey. Three essential features have been determined as forming a turtleback surface. These are 1) the rolling hinge mechanism on a normal fault system, where the initial fault stays operational after forming second and third normal faults in its hanging wall; 2) relay ramps between initial fault segments; and 3) a synextensional intrusion on the shear zone of the initial normal fault at midcrustal level. The strike-slip tectonic setting is not among the essential features as suggested recently for Death Valley turtlebacks.

A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study

Turtleback surfaces are common elements of highly extended terrains all over the world. This paper presents a 3D model explaining the formation of turtleback surfaces based on field observations made on the Horzum Turtleback of the Alaşehir graben, western Turkey. Three essential features have been determined as forming a turtleback surface. These are 1) the rolling hinge mechanism on a normal fault system, where the initial fault stays operational after forming second and third normal faults in its hanging wall; 2) relay ramps between initial fault segments; and 3) a synextensional intrusion on the shear zone of the initial normal fault at midcrustal level. The strike-slip tectonic setting is not among the essential features as suggested recently for Death Valley turtlebacks.

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Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { tbtkearth143902, journal = {Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences}, issn = {1300-0985}, eissn = {1303-619X}, address = {}, publisher = {TÜBİTAK}, year = {2014}, volume = {23}, pages = {479 - 494}, doi = {10.3906/yer-1401-23}, title = {A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study}, key = {cite}, author = {Seyitoğlu, Gürol and Işık, Veysel and Esat, Korhan} }
APA Seyitoğlu, G , Işık, V , Esat, K . (2014). A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences , 23 (5) , 479-494 . DOI: 10.3906/yer-1401-23
MLA Seyitoğlu, G , Işık, V , Esat, K . "A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study" . Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 23 (2014 ): 479-494 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tbtkearth/issue/12040/143902>
Chicago Seyitoğlu, G , Işık, V , Esat, K . "A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 23 (2014 ): 479-494
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study AU - Gürol Seyitoğlu , Veysel Işık , Korhan Esat Y1 - 2014 PY - 2014 N1 - doi: 10.3906/yer-1401-23 DO - 10.3906/yer-1401-23 T2 - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 479 EP - 494 VL - 23 IS - 5 SN - 1300-0985-1303-619X M3 - doi: 10.3906/yer-1401-23 UR - https://doi.org/10.3906/yer-1401-23 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study %A Gürol Seyitoğlu , Veysel Işık , Korhan Esat %T A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study %D 2014 %J Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences %P 1300-0985-1303-619X %V 23 %N 5 %R doi: 10.3906/yer-1401-23 %U 10.3906/yer-1401-23
ISNAD Seyitoğlu, Gürol , Işık, Veysel , Esat, Korhan . "A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study". Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 23 / 5 (Mayıs 2014): 479-494 . https://doi.org/10.3906/yer-1401-23
AMA Seyitoğlu G , Işık V , Esat K . A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2014; 23(5): 479-494.
Vancouver Seyitoğlu G , Işık V , Esat K . A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences. 2014; 23(5): 479-494.
IEEE G. Seyitoğlu , V. Işık ve K. Esat , "A 3D model for the formation of turtleback surfaces: the Horzum Turtleback of western Turkey as a case study", Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, c. 23, sayı. 5, ss. 479-494, May. 2014, doi:10.3906/yer-1401-23