Öz This study evaluates the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) based psychoeducation program in reducing fear of negative evaluation. The study was conducted with 26 university students. 26 participants were equally assigned to research groups (experimental n=13, control n=13). An 8-week psychoeducation program was implemented. In the current study, a pretest-posttest control group design was used. The Turkish version of The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE) was administered to experimental and control groups three times (pretest, posttest, and follow-up). According to the findings, group*time effect was found to be significant for fear of negative evaluation. The data revealed that being in different experimental conditions affects students' pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test scores differently. It was found that the ACT-based psychoeducation program has a significant effect in reducing fear of negative evaluation scores.
Arslan, G., Yıldırım, M., Tanhan, A., Buluş, M., & Allen, K. A. (2020). Coronavirus stress, optimism-pessimism, psychological inflexibility, and psychological health: Psychometric properties of the Coronavirus Stress Measure. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00337-6
Çetin, B., Doğan, T., & Sapmaz, F. (2010). The Turkish adaptation of brief fear of negative evaluation scale: The validity and reliability study. Education and Science, 35(156), 205-216.
Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2016). Deneysel desenler, öntest sontest kontrol grubu, desen ve veri analizi Ankara: Pegem Akademi Yayıncılık.
Carleton, N., McCreary, D., Norton, P., & Asmundson, G. (2006). Brief fear of negative evaluation scale revised. Depression and Anxiety, 23, 297-303. doi:10.1002/da.20142.
Cooper, K. M., & Brownell, S. E. (2020). Student anxiety and fear of negative evaluation in active learning science classrooms. In Active Learning in College Science (pp. 909-925). Springer, Cham.
De Castella, K., Goldin, P., Jazaieri, H., Heimberg, R. G., Dweck, C. S., & Gross, J. J. (2015). Emotion beliefs and cognitive behavioural therapy for social anxiety disorder. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 44(2), 128-141.
Delacre, M., Leys, C., Mora, Y. L., & Lakens, D. (2019). Taking parametric assumptions seriously: Arguments for the use of Welch’s F-test instead of the classical F-test in one-way ANOVA. International Review of Social Psychology, 32(1).
Drummond, P. D. (2020). Flushing propensity predicts fear of blushing. Motivation and Emotion, 1-9.
Dryman, M. T., Gardner, S., Weeks, J. W., & Heimberg, R. G. (2016). Social anxiety disorder and quality of life: How fears of negative and positive evaluation relate to specific domains of life satisfaction. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 38, 1-8.
Eifert, G. H., Forsyth, J. P. & McKay, M. (2006). Act on life not on anger: The new acceptance and commitment therapy guide to problem anger. New Harbinger Publications.
Elliott, A. C. & Woodward, W. A. (2007). Statistical Analysis Quick Reference Guidebook: With SPSS Examples. Sage
Geukes, K., Harvey, J. T., Trezise, A., & Mesagno, C. (2017). Personality and performance in real-world competitions: Testing trait activation of fear of negative evaluation, dispositional reinvestment, and athletic identity in the field. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 30, 101-109.
Habibollahi, A. & Soltanizadeh, M. (2016). Efficacy of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on body dissatisfaction and fear of negative evaluation in girl adolescents with body dysmorphic disorder. Mazandaran Uni Med Sci, 26(134), 278-290.
Hayes, S. C. (2019). Acceptance and Commitment Therapy: Towards a unified model of behavior change. World Psychiatry, 18(2), 226.
Hayes, S. C., Luoma, J. B., Bond, F. W., Masuda, A., & Lillis, J. (2006). Acceptance and commitment therapy: Model, processes and outcomes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44(1), 1-25.
Hayes, S. C., Levin, M. E., Plumb-Vilardaga, J., Villatte, J. L., & Pistorello, J. (2013). Acceptance and commitment therapy and contextual behavioral science: Examining the progress of a distinctive model of behavioral and cognitive therapy. Behavior Therapy, 44(2), 180-198.
Kaya, M. (2009). Üniversite adaylarının anne-babalarına uygulanan sosyal destek programının eş desteği ve adayın anne-babadan algıladığı desteğe etkisi. Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.
Leary, M. R. (1983). A brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulleiin, 9, 371-376.
Levin, M. E., MacLane, C., Daflos, S., Seeley, J. R., Hayes, S. C., Biglan, A., & Pistorello, J. (2014). Examining psychological inflexibility as a transdiagnostic process across psychological disorders. Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science, 3(3), 155-163.
Mitchell, O. (2015). Experimental research design. The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 1-6.
Sapmaz, F. (2011). Bilişsel davranışçı yaklaşıma dayalı grupla psikolojik danışmanın sosyal anksiyete, reddedilme duyarlılığı ve kişilerarası duyarlılık üzerine etkisi. Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi, Sakarya Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
Shafique, N., Gul, S., & Raseed, S. (2017). Perfectionism and perceived stress: The role of fear of negative evaluation. International Journal of Mental Health, 46(4), 312-326.
Tanhan, A. (2019). Acceptance and commitment therapy with ecological systems theory: Addressing Muslim mental health issues and wellbeing. Journal of Positive Psychology and Wellbeing, 3(2), 197-219.
Trompeter, N., Bussey, K., Hay, P., Griffiths, S., Murray, S. B., Mond, J., ... & Mitchison, D. (2019). Fear of negative evaluation among eating disorders: Examining the association with weight/shape concerns in adolescence. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 52(3), 261-269.
TÜRBAD (2020). Kabul ve Kararlılık Terapisi (ACT) hakkında sıkça sorulan sorular. retrieved from https://www.baglamsalbilimler.org/sss/
Uğur, E., Kaya, Ç., & Tanhan, A. (2020). Psychological inflexibility mediates the relationship between fear of negative evaluation and psychological vulnerability. Current Psychology, 1-13.
Usta, F. (2017). Kabul ve Kararlılık Terapisi yönelimli psiko-eğitim programının ergenlerin sosyal görünüş kaygısı ve kabul ve eyleme geçme düzeylerine etkisi. Yayımlanmamış doktora tezi. Sakarya Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü.
Wingo, A. P., Baldessarini, R. J., & Windle, M. (2015). Coping styles: Longitudinal development from ages 17 to 33 and associations with psychiatric disorders. Psychiatry Research, 225(3), 299-304.
Wolniewicz, C. A., Tiamiyu, M. F., Weeks, J. W., & Elhai, J. D. (2018). Problematic smartphone use and relations with negative affect, fear of missing out, and fear of negative and positive evaluation. Psychiatry Research, 262, 618-623.
Yavuz, F. (2015). Kabul ve Kararlılık Terapisi (ACT): Genel bir bakış. Türkiye Klinikleri, Special Topics, 8(2), 21-27.