The Relationship Between Psychological Hardiness and Mindfulness in University Students: The Role of Spiritual Well-Being

The purpose of the research is to reveal the role of spiritual well-being in relationship between psychological hardiness and mindfulness in university students. The sample of the research consisted of a total of 561 university students with convenience sampling strategy who were between 17-49 years of age and were studying in Konya 2017 and 2018. The research is done in accord with relational scanning which is a subgenre of general survey model. In this research structural equation modeling analysis has been applied to test the relationships among psychological hardiness, mindfulness and spiritual well-being variables of university students. Structural equation modeling analysis has been carried out using AMOS 19 software. In the study, ‘Demographic Information Form’, ‘The Psychological Hardiness Scale’, ‘Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire’ and ‘Spiritual Well-Being Scale’ were used. According to the findings obtained from the research, the major independent variable which affects the psychological hardiness of university students was mindfulness. A significant positive correlation was found between mindfulness levels and psychological hardiness levels. It is also observed that there is a positive linear correlation between spiritual well-being and psychological hardiness and mindfulness.

Üniversite Öğrencilerinde Psikolojik Dayanıklılık ve Bilinçli Farkındalık Arasındaki İlişki: Manevi İyi Oluşun Rolü

Bu araştırmanın amacı, üniversite öğrencilerinde psikolojik dayanıklılık ve bilinçli farkındalık arasındaki ilişkide manevi iyi oluşun rolünü ortaya koymaktır. Araştırma, genel tarama modelinin bir alt türü olan ilişkisel tarama modeline göre gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın örneklemini, 2017-2018 yılı içerisinde Konya ilinde öğrenim gören uygun örnekleme yöntemiyle seçilmiş, 17-49 yaş aralığında olan 561 üniversite öğrencileri oluşturmaktadır. Araştırmada üniversite öğrencilerinin psikolojik dayanıklılık, bilinçli farkındalık ve manevi iyi oluş değişkenleri arasındaki ilişkinin sınanması amacı ile yapısal eşitlik modellemesi analizi yapılmıştır. Yapısal eşitlik modellemesi analizi AMOS 19 Programı ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmada ‘Demografik Veri Toplama Formu’, ‘Psikolojik Dayanıklılık Ölçeği’, ‘Beş Boyutlu Bilinçli Farkındalık Ölçeği’ ve ‘Manevi İyi Oluş Ölçeği’ kullanılmıştır. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgulara göre üniversite öğrencilerinde psikolojik dayanıklılığı etkileyen en önemli bağımsız değişkenin bilinçli farkındalık değişkeni olduğu bilgisine ulaşılmıştır. Bilinçli farkındalık düzeyleri ile psikolojik dayanıklılık düzeyleri arasında pozitif yönlü anlamlı ilişki bulunmuştur. Ayrıca manevi iyi oluş ile psikolojik dayanıklılık ve bilinçli farkındalık arasındaki pozitif yönlü doğrusal bir ilişki olduğu görülmektedir.

Kaynakça

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