Çocukluk ve ergenlik döneminde görülen ciddi ruhsal bozuklukların tedavisinde kullanılan etkili yöntemlerden biri elektrokonvülsif tedavi (EKT)dir. Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatrisinde EKT uygulamasının etki ve yan etki açısından yetişkinlerden farklı sonuçlar elde edilmemesine rağmen; ruh sağlığı çalışanlarının, EKT ile ilgili sınırlı bilgi düzeyi ve EKT’e yönelik olumsuz tutumlarından dolayı çocuk ve ergenlerde EKT’yi tercih etmekten çekinebilmektedirler. Çocuk ve ergen psikiyatrisinde EKT uygulaması ile ilgili verilerin sıklıkla olgu sunumları ile sınırlı olması, çocuk ve ergenlerde EKT uygulamasının her yönü ile değerlendirildiği bir yazıya ulaşılamaması nedeniyle, bu derleme ile çocuk ve ergenlerde EKT uygulaması, EKT’nin yasal boyutu ve hemşirelik bakımı konusunda güncel literatüre katkı sağlanacağı düşünülmektedir.
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the effective treatment methods which was used in treatment of childhood and adolescent psychiatry. Although the effects and side effects of ECT intervention in child and adolescent psychiatry is similar adult psychiatry, mental health professionals might be reluctant to prefer ECT in children and adolescents due to limited knowledge and negative attitude to ECT. Because the articles on ECT among child and adolescent with severe mental disorders were limited studies of case reports, it could not reach any article which evaluated ECT holistically, it was thought to discuss ECT intervention, legal issue and nursing care in this issue and this review will contribute to the literature about ECT in children and adolescents.
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