Türkiye’de Doğal Olarak Yetişen Heracleum platytaenium BOISS. (Apiaceae)’nin Uçucu Yağının Kimyasal Bileşimi

Bu çalışmada, Türkiye’nin kuzeyinde bulunan Sinop bölgesindeki Heracleum platytaenium (Apiaceae) türlerinin uçucu yağları incelenmiş ve 27 bileşen GC, GC-MS ile tanımlanmıştır. Uçucu yağlar, doğal yaşam alanlarından toplanan bitkilerin toprak üstü kısımlarının Clevenger cihazında su distilasyonu yöntemiyle elde edildi. Uçucu yağların verimleri çok düşük ve 0,5 (v/w)’dir. Yirmi yedi bileşen, Heracleum platytaenium’dan ekstrakte edilen toplam uçucu yağın %98.1’ ni oluşturmaktadır. Heracleum platytaenium’un baskın bileşikleri, Limonene (%30.8), Terpinolene (%17.9), β-Pinene (%16.3) and Ocimene (%12.6)’ dir. Sonuçlar, kemotaksonomi ve doğal ürünler açısından tartışılmıştır.

Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Heracleum platytaenium BOISS. (Apiaceae) Growing Wild in Turkey

In this study, the essential oils of Heracleum platytaenium (Apiaceae) species in Sinop region of northern Turkey were investigatedand 27 components were identified by GC, GC-MS. Essential oils were obtained by Clevenger-type hydrodistilled from the aerialparts of plants collected from the natural habitats. The essential oils yield is very low and 0.5 (v/w). Twenty seven constituents werecomprised the 98.1% of the total essential oil extracted from the Heracleum platytaenium. The predominant compounds of Heracleumplatytaenium were as Limonene (30.8%), Terpinolene (17.9%), β-Pinene (16.3%) and Ocimene (12.6%). The results were discussed inview of chemotaxonomy and natural products.

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