Frequency of Domestic Violence in Psychiatric Patients and Related Factors

Çalışmamızda, psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran evli kadın hastalar arasında aile içi şiddet prevalansının ve şiddete maruz kalmanın anksiyete ve depresyon düzeyleri ile olan ilişkisinin araştırılması amaçlanmıştır.Yöntem: Çalışmaya ardışık evli 100 kadın hasta alındı. Her olguya, Beck Depresyon Envanteri (BDE) ve Beck Anksiyete Envanteri (BAE) ile yazarlarca hazırlanmış bir sosyodemografik ve klinik veri formu uygulandı. Ayrıca tüm katılımcılardan, şiddetin (ekonomik, fiziksel, cinsel ve psikolojik) olup olmadığı, varsa sıklığı ve süresi, eşlerin çocukluğunda şiddet görüp görmediği gibi bilgileri sorgulayan bir anketi doldurmaları istendi. Bulgular: Hastaların %76'sının evli iken en az bir şiddet tipine maruz kaldıkları, %68'inin sözel şiddete, %45'inin fiziksel şiddete, %39'unun ekonomik şiddete, %11'inin ise cinsel şiddete uğradığı bulunmuştur. Eğitim düzeyi arttıkça fiziksel şiddete maruz kalma oranı doğru orantılı olarak artmaktaydı. Fiziksel şiddete uğrayan kadınların %40'ı (n=18) kendi çocuğuna şiddet uyguladığını ve yine bu hastaların 15'i (%33) evli iken intihar girişiminde bulunduğunu bildirdi. Sonuç: Çalışmamızda psikiyatrik hastalığı olan bireylerde aile içi şiddet, anksiyete ve depresyon puanlarının artışı ile ilişkili bulunmuştur. Yine türü ne olursa olsun, aile içi şiddete maruz kalmanın intihar girişimlerinin artışına neden olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Psikiyatri hastalarında aile içi şiddetin sıklığı ve ilişkili faktörler

Objective: Objective of the present study is to determine prevalence of domestic violence among married female patients who have applied to our psychiatry outpatient clinic, and to investigate the relationship between exposure to violence and levels of anxiety and depression.Method: One hundred consecutive married female patients were included into the study. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and a sociodemographic and clinical data form designed by the authors were applied to each case. Furthermore, all participants were asked to complete a questionnaire including questions such as whether there was violence (economic, physical, sexual and psychological) at home; if present, what its frequency and duration is; and whether the partners were subject to violence during their childhood.Results: It was determined that 76% of the patients were subjected to at least one type of violence during marriage, 68% were exposed to verbal, 45% were exposed to physical, 39% were exposed to economic, and 11% were subject to sexual violence. As level of education was increased, the rate of being a victim of physical violence was increased directly. Of females who were the victims of physical violence (n=18), 40% reported that they inflicted violence to their children, and 15 of these patients (33%) said that they attempted a suicide during their marriage. Conclusion: In the present study, it is determined that domestic violence is correlated with increases in anxiety and depression scores. Independently from violence type, it is determined that domestic violence causes increased number of suicide attempts.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1018-8681
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1984

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