Kabul ve kararlılık temelli danışmanlığın sigara bırakma ve yaşam kalitesi üzerindeki etkisi

Amaç: Bu araştırma, kabul ve kararlılık temelli danışmanlığın Türk toplumunda sigara bıraktırma ve yaşam kalitesi üzerine etkisini incelemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Araştırma randomize kontrollü deneysel desenli bir çalışma olarak; 17 müdahale, 18 kontrol grubunda olmak üzere 35 birey ile yürütülmüştür. Araştırma verileri Kişisel Bilgi Formu, SF-36 Yaşam Kalitesi Ölçeği, Fagerström Nikotin Bağımlılığı Ölçeği (FNBÖ) kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Müdahale grubuna 6 hafta, haftada 1 seans olmak üzere 6 seans kabul ve kararlılık temelli danışmanlık verilmiştir. Bulgular: Müdahale ve kontrol grubu benzer demografik özelliklere sahiptir. Müdahale grubunda günde içilen sigara sayılarının müdahale sonrası ve izlem ölçümündeki sayı ortalamalarında anlamlı düşüş olduğu ve bu düşüşün kontrol grubundaki katılımcıların günde içilen sigara sayı ortalamalarından anlamlı oranda düşük olduğu belirlenmiştir. SF-36 Yaşam Kalitesi alt ölçek puanlarının müdahale grup içi değerlendirmesinde; fiziksel rol fonksiyon, ağrı ve emosyonel rol fonksiyon dışındaki bütün alt boyutlarda anlamlı puan artışlarının olduğu görülmüştür. Sonuç: Kabul ve kararlılık temelli danışmanlığın Türk toplumunda sigara bıraktırma ve yaşam kalitesi üzerine etkili olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu çalışma, hemşirelik uygulamalarında sağlık uzmanları için faydalı kanıta dayalı bilgiler sağlamaktadır.

Effect of acceptance and commitment-based counseling on smoking cessation and quality of life

Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effect of acceptance and commitment-based counseling on smoking cessation and quality of life in Turkish society. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial with experimental design with 35 individuals including 17 in the intervention group and 18 in the control group. The data of the study were collected using the Personal Information Form, SF-36 Quality of life Questionnaire, and Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). 6 sessions of acceptance and commitment-based counseling was given to the intervention group including 1 session per week for 6 weeks. Results: The intervention and control groups had similar demographic characteristics. It was determined that there was a significant decrease in the mean number of cigarettes a day and FTND intervention follow-up measurement mean scores after the intervention and in the follow-up measurements in the intervention group and this decrease was significantly lower than the mean number of cigarettes per day by the participants in the control group. In the intragroup evaluation of SF-36 Quality of Life subscale scores of the intervention group, significant score increases were observed in all subscales other than physical role functioning, pain, and emotional role functioning. Conclusion: Acceptance and commitment-based counseling was found to be effective in smoking cessation and quality of life in Turkish society. This study provide useful evidence-based information for healthcare professionals in the nursing practice.

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Kaynak Göster

MLA Evli, M , Şimşek, N . "Effect of acceptance and commitment-based counseling on smoking cessation and quality of life" . Cukurova Medical Journal 46 (2021 ): 677-690 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/cumj/issue/62101/837634>

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