ENDÜSTRİ 4.0 TEKNOLOJİK OLGUNLUK DÜZEYİNİN ANALİTİK HİYERARŞİ PROSESİ İLE MODELLENMESİ: GIDA VE İÇECEK İMALAT SEKTÖRÜ ÖRNEĞİ

Endüstri 4.0 dönüşümü, bileşenlerini oluşturan temel teknolojiler ile imalat sanayine, mevcut operasyonları ve süreçleri kökten değiştirecek yenilikler getirmektedir. Gıda ve içecek imalat sektöründe beklenen başlıca değişimler, artan verimlilik; artan gıda güvenliği; yüksek gıda kalitesi ve azalan atık miktarı olarak sıralanabilir. İşletmelerin Endüstri 4.0’dan elde edeceği faydayı maksimuma çıkarmak için, uygulamaların ölçülebilir ve karşılaştırılabilir olması gerekir. Endüstri 4.0 olgunluk modelleri dönüşüm sürecinde standartlaştırma ve karşılaştırma için önemli göstergeler sunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada temel Endüstri 4.0 teknolojilerinin kullanımını Analitik Hiyerarşi Prosesi yöntemi ile değerlendiren, sektöre özel bir olgunluk modeli önerilmektedir. Çalışmanın sonuçlarına göre gıda ve içecek imalat sektörü için en önemli teknolojiler Otonom Robotlar ve Siber Güvenlik olarak belirlenmiştir. Bu iki teknolojiyi, sırasıyla Büyük Veri Analitiği ve Eklemeli İmalat Sistemleri takip etmektedir. Çalışmada bir Endüstri 4.0 olgunluk ölçeği sunulmuş olup, örnek uygulama ile gıda imalatçısı bir işletmenin bu ölçek üzerinden Endüstri 4.0 olgunluğu hesaplanmıştır.

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