Career Education System Creation and Improvement: A Case of Lithuania

Lately, economic and demographic tendencies and technological progress areunrecognizably changing the whole working world structure. Social changes, appearing inthe globalization process, raise new requirements for a man in his career path. In Lithuania,in the legislation acts on education since 2011, a modern career education understanding hasalso been asserted and developed. Career education in the current situation is becoming acontinuous process, which starts in lower secondary schools, is simultaneously carried on ineducational support institutions, continued in vocational education institutions and higherschools, later moves into lifelong learning space. In this process, a person acquires careerplanning and its management abilities, helping him to create and realize career planscompatible with his personality peculiarities, to accumulate necessary knowledge, skills andattitudes for the realization of them, abilities to flexibly react to society and labour marketchanges, successfully make proper career- related decisions, acquire lifelong learningmotivation. In Lithuanian context, vocational consultation, information and career educationis considered to be one of the most important factors, encouraging employment, working force adaptation to market conditions, entrepreneurship and equal possibilities. Therefore,effectively provided career education services become important both for education systemand labour market and for their interaction. For this purpose, career education system hasbeen created in Lithuania, which consists of legal basis, career education specialists, careereducation service coordination, provision, financing and observation mechanisms. The aimof this system is to help people consciously choose education and employment opportunitiessuitable for them, create conditions for career competence acquisition. Career educationbecomes an important teaching and employment policy element at all levels, a constituentpolicy part of active labour market.

Career Education System Creation and Improvement: A Case of Lithuania

Lately, economic and demographic tendencies and technological progress areunrecognizably changing the whole working world structure. Social changes, appearing inthe globalization process, raise new requirements for a man in his career path. In Lithuania,in the legislation acts on education since 2011, a modern career education understanding hasalso been asserted and developed. Career education in the current situation is becoming acontinuous process, which starts in lower secondary schools, is simultaneously carried on ineducational support institutions, continued in vocational education institutions and higherschools, later moves into lifelong learning space. In this process, a person acquires careerplanning and its management abilities, helping him to create and realize career planscompatible with his personality peculiarities, to accumulate necessary knowledge, skills andattitudes for the realization of them, abilities to flexibly react to society and labour marketchanges, successfully make proper career- related decisions, acquire lifelong learningmotivation. In Lithuanian context, vocational consultation, information and career educationis considered to be one of the most important factors, encouraging employment, working force adaptation to market conditions, entrepreneurship and equal possibilities. Therefore,effectively provided career education services become important both for education systemand labour market and for their interaction. For this purpose, career education system hasbeen created in Lithuania, which consists of legal basis, career education specialists, careereducation service coordination, provision, financing and observation mechanisms. The aimof this system is to help people consciously choose education and employment opportunitiessuitable for them, create conditions for career competence acquisition. Career educationbecomes an important teaching and employment policy element at all levels, a constituentpolicy part of active labour market.

Kaynakça

2013-2014 m. m. mokinių profesinio orientavimo (ugdymo karjerai) stebėsenos ataskaita[Report on students career education monitoring for 2013-2014]. Retrieved fromhttp//www.mukis.lt.A Memorandum on Lifelong Learning (2000). Commission of the European Communities.Brussels, 30.10.2000, SEC (2000) 1832. Retrieved fromhttp://www.euroguidance.lt/uploads/files/Strategijos_ir_dokumentai/memorandum_eng.doc.Augienė, D. (2012). Ugdymas karjerai: samprata, struktūra, procesas [Career education:Concept, structure and process]. Švietimas ir ugdymas: metodologinių kontekstų kaita irprakseologija. Mokslo leidinys. Šiauliai: Šiaulių universiteto leidykla, p. 204-229.Augienė, D., Kriaučiūnaitė, I. (2012). Profesinio informavimo taškų veikla gimnazijoje:informacijos pateikimo analizė ir problemos [Professional information centre activity ingymnasiums: Information provision analysis and problems]. Švietimas: politika, vadyba,kokybė / Education Policy, Management and Quality, 2 (11), 16-38.Augiene, D., Kriaučiūnaitė, I. (2013). Vocational guidance in the system of Lithuaniaeducation: The analysis and problems related to the information conveyed byvocational information centres of upper-secondary school in virtual space. Baltic Journalof Career Education and Management, 1 (1), 7- 31.Augienė, D., Mickevičius, A. (2014). Universiteto studentų karjeros valdymo kompetencijosraiška. Socialinis ugdymas: postmodernios visuomenės iššūkiai vaikų ir jaunimo socializacijai:recenzuojamas tęstinis mokslo straipsnių rinkinys [elektroninis išteklius, CD-ROM]. 2014,[nr.] 7. p. 262-268.Augustinienė, A. (2007). Mokinių gebėjimų priimti karjeros sprendimus ugdymo galimybėsbendrojo lavinimo mokykloje [The possibilities of students’ career decision-making skillsdevelopment at secondary school]. Daktaro disertacija. Kaunas: Kauno technologijosuniversitetas.Beresnevičienė, D. (2002). Profesinis orientavimas Lietuvoje [Vocational orientation inLithuania]. Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia, 9, 342–351.Beresnevičienė, D. (2003). Lietuvos profesinio orientavimo edukologiniai ir psichologiniaipagrindai. Profesinis rengimas: tyrimai ir realijos, 7, 10–23.Career Education Programe (2014). Retrieved fromhttp://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=470115&p_tr2=2.Čiutienė, R. (2006). Darbuotojų ir organizacijos interesų derinimas formuojant karjerą[Coordination of employees and organization interests in career development]. Daktarodisertacija. Kaunas: ISM Vadybos ir ekonomikos universitetas.Dromantaitė-Stancikienė, A., Gineitienė, Z. (2010). Moterų padėtis Lietuvoje siekiant karjeros[Situation of women seeking a career in Lithuania]. Socialinių mokslų studijos / SocialSciences Studies, 4 (8), 69-88.Evans, J. H., Burck, H. D. (1992). The effects of career education interventions on academicachievement: A meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling & Development, 71 (1), 63–68.doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1992.tb02173.x.Garnienė, D. (2006). Bendrojo lavinimo mokyklos ugdymo karjerai modelis: parametrai irrealizavimo principai [Model of career education at general education school: Parameters andrealisation principles: summary of the doctoral dissertation: social sciences, education (07S)].Daktaro disertacija. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas.Giddens, A. (2005). Sociologija [Sociology]. Vilnius: Poligrafija ir informatika.Haynes, G., McCrone, T., Wade, P. (2013). Young people’s decision-making:The importance of high quality school-based careers education, information, adviceand guidance. Research Papers in Education, 28 (4), 459-482.Jovaiša, L. (1981). Asmenybė ir profesija [Personality and profession]. Kaunas: Šviesa.Jovaiša, L. (1998). Profesinio konsultavimo organizavimas [Professional consultingorganization]. Profesinis rengimas: tyrimai ir realijos / Vocational Education: Research andReality, 1, 20–29.Jovaiša, L. (2009). Profesinio orientavimo pedagogika ir psichologija [Vocational guidance pedagogyand psychology]. Vilnius: Agora.Jovaiša, L. (1978). Profesinio orientavimo pedagogika [Vocational guidance pedagogy]. Kaunas:Šviesa.Kregždė, S. (1975). Profesinių interesų psichologija [Professional interests psychology]. Vilnius:VPI.Kregždė, S. (1981). Profesinių interesų formavimo psichologija [Professional interests formationpsychology]. Vilnius: Mokslas.Kregždė, S. (1988). Profesinio kryptingumo formavimosi psichologiniai pagrindai [Professionalpurposefulness formation psychological foundations]. Kaunas: Šviesa.Kučinskienė, R. (2003). Ugdymo karjerai metodologija [Methodology of career education].Monografija. Klaipėda: Klaipėdos universiteto leidykla.Lamanauskas, V., Augienė, D. (2014). University student future professional career:Promoting and limiting factors and personal traits. Baltic Journal of Career Education andManagement, 2 (1), 6-15.Lamanauskas, V., Augienė, D. (2015a). Understanding of career by Lithuanian universitystudents. In A. Klim-Klimaszewska, E. Pavlenko & R. Pionova (Eds.), Komunikacja wedukacji (Kompetencje komunikacyjne dzieci i mlodziežy), tom 2 (pp. 282-291). Siedlce,Poland: Siedleckie Towarzystwo Naukowe.Lamanauskas, V., Augienė, D. (2015b). Universiteto studentų karjeros supratimas, darbovertybių, kompetencijų ir studijų įtakos profesinei karjerai vertinimas [Universitystudent career understanding, work value, competence and study influence on professional career evaluation]. Švietimas: politika, vadyba, kokybė / Education Policy,Management and Quality, 7 (1), 8-26.Laužackas, R. (1999). Sistemoteorinės profesinio rengimo kaitos dimensijos: monografija [Systemicdimensions of change in vocational training]. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetoleidykla.Laužackas, R. (2002). Profesinio rengimo plėtra žinių visuomenės ir konkurentabiliosekonomikos amžiuje [Vocational education and training development in the context ofknowledge society and competitive economy]. Profesinis rengimas: tyrimai ir realijos /Vocational Education: Research and Reality, 5, 25-36.Laužackas, R. (2005). Profesinio rengimo metodologija [Vocational education and trainingmethodology]. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla.Lileikienė, T. (2009). Aukštesniųjų klasių mokinių požiūris į karjeros sėkmingumą lemiančiusveiksnius [Senior pupils’ attitudes towards factors influencing success of professionalcareer]. Pedagogika / Pedagogy Studies, 93, 54-61.Lileikienė, T., Petkevičiūtė, R. (2003). Besimokančių suaugusiųjų požiūris į karjerą [Adultlearner viewpoint to career education]. Profesinis rengimas: tyrimai ir realijos / VocationalEducation: Research and Reality, 7, 128–141.Lithuanian Progress Strategy 2030 (2012). Retrieved fromhttps://lrv.lt/uploads/main/documents/files/EN_version/Useful_information/lithuania2030.pdfMagnuson, C. S., Starr, M. F. (2000). How early is too early to begin life career planning? Theimportance of the elementary school years. Journal of Career Development, 27 (2), 89-101.McWhirter, E. H., Crothers, M., Rasheed, S. (2000). The effects of high school careereducation on social–cognitive variables. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 47 (3), 330-341.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.47.3.330.Nacionalinė profesinio orientavimo švietimo sistemoje programa [National programme ofvocational guidance in education]. (2013). Prieiga per internetą: https://www.etar.lt/portal/legalActPrint.html?documentId=TAR.DF54AD1E51DFNazelskis, E. (2010). Profesinis orientavimas švietimo ir verslo plėtros kontekste[Professional guidance in the context of education and bussiness expanssion]. Actapaedagogica Vilnensia, 25, 100-109.Nazelskis, E. (2011). Iššūkis profesiniam orientavimui – naujos profesijos darbo rinkoje [Thechallenge for the development of professional guidance – new professions in thelabour market]. Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia, 26, 135-145.Palujanskienė, A., Pugevičius, A. (2004). Karjeros samprata pedagogo darbe [The notion ofcareer in pedagogical work]. Pedagogika / Pedagogy Studies, 70, 143–148.Petkevičiūtė, N. (2007). Asmeninės karjeros raiška ir vystymas [Personal career development andexpression]. Daktaro disertacija. Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universitetas.Petrauskaitė, R. (1995). Profesijos pasirinkimo racionalumo posovietinėje Lietuvojepsichopedagoginiai ypatumai: pedagogikos ir jūreivystės profesijų pagrindu. Daktaro disertacija.Klaipėda: Klaipėdos universitetas.Pociūtė, B., Isiūnaitė, V. (2011). Profesijos pasirinkimo problemos ir asmenybės savybės[Problems of career choice and personality traits]. Psichologija / Psychology, 43, 78 – 91.Profesinio orientavimo strategija [Vocational guidance strategy]. (2003). Prieiga per internetą:http://www.euroguidance.lt/svietimas-ir-orientavimas/orientavimas-karjerailietuvojeeuroguidance.lt/svietimas-ir-orientavimas/teisiniai-dokumentai#strateginiaiPukelis, K. (1998). Mokytojų rengimas ir filosofinės studijos: profesinio rengimo tyrimai [Teachertraining and philosophical studies: Vocational training research]. Kaunas: Versmė.Pukelis, K. (2003). Karjeros projektavimo gebėjimai žinių visuomenėje: nauji iššūkiaiprofesiniam konsultavimui ir karjeros planavimui [Career designing skills in theknowledge society: New challenges for vocational counselling and career planning].Profesinis rengimas: tyrimai ir realijos / Vocational Education: Research and Reality, 6, 66–75.Pukelis, K. (2012). Karjeros projektavimas: kodėl ir kas? [Career designing: Why and what?]Karjeros projektavimas: tyrimai ir realijos/ Career Designing: Research and Counselling, 1, 12-46.Pukelis, K., Garnienė, D. (2004). Lietuvos karjeros konsultavimo sistema [Lithuanian careercounselling system]. Profesinis rengimas: tyrimai ir realijos / Vocational Education: Researchand Reality, 8, 96–107.Railienė, A. (2011). Profesijos patarėjo veiklos profesinio orientavimo sistemoje prielaidos[assumptions of the work of a vocational adviser within the vocational guidancesystem]. Socialinis darbas / Social Work, 10 (2), 157–168.Reingardienė, J. (2004). Moterų karjeros ir šeimos dilemos [Dillemas of women’s career andfamily roles]. Sociologija. Mintis ir veiksmas / Sociology. Thought and Action, 1, 59 – 72.Reingardienė, J., Zdanavičius, A. (2003). Moksleivių vertybinės orientacijos ir pasirengimaskarjerai [Learner value orientations and preparation for career]. Profesinis rengimas:tyrimai ir realijos / Vocational Education: Research and Reality, 7, 98–108.Resolution of the Council and of the Representatives of the Governments of the MemberStates, meeting within the Council of 21 November 2008 on better integrating lifelongguidance into lifelong learning strategies (2008). Official Journal of the European Union.Retrieved fromhttp://www.euroguidance.lt/uploads/files/Strategijos_ir_dokumentai/Council_Resolution_2008.pdf.Rosinaitė, V. (2008). Lietuvos aukštųjų mokyklų studentų career developmentkompetencijos: subjektyvus jų įsisavinimo lygio ir ugdymo poreikio įvertinimas[Career development competencies of students of Lithuanian higher schools: thesubjective assessment of their assimilation level and training need]. Filosofija. Sociologija/ Philosophy. Sociology, 4, 62-71.Rosinaitė, V. (2009). Studentų karjeros kompetencijų ugdymas: empirinis efektyvumo sąlygųįvertinimas [Assessment of conditions for students’ career competencies trainingeffectiveness]. Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia, 22, 76-87.Rosinaitė, V. (2010). Karjeros sampratos konstravimas Lietuvoje. Daktaro disertacija [Constructingthe concept of career in Lithuania: summary of doctoral dissertation: social sciences, sociology(05 S)]. Vilnius: Vilniaus universitetas.Šernas, V. (1998). Profesinės veiklos didaktika [Professional activity didactics]. Vilnius: Presvika.Šernas, V. (2009). Funkcinė pedagogika: rengimosi karjerai metodologiniai tyrimai: analitiniųstraipsnių monografija. [Functional pedagogics: Methodological research into careerplanning] Kaunas: Vytauto Didžiojo universiteto leidykla.Stanišauskienė, V. (2004). Rengimosi karjerai proceso socioedukaciniai pagrindai. Monografija[Socioeducational basics of career preparation process]. Kaunas: Technologija.Stanišauskienė V., Večkienė N. (1999). Karjeros samprata: mokslinio požiūrio kaita ir josrefleksijos Lietuvoje problema [Concept of a career: Change of approaches and theproblem of its reflection in Lithuania]. Socialiniai mokslai / Social Science, 2 (19), 23–28.State Education Strategy for 2013-2022 (2013). Retrieved fromhttp://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=463390Ugdymas karjerai, profesinis informavimas ir konsultavimas mokykloje [Career education,vocational information and counseling to school]. (2014). Švietimo problemos analizė, 19(124), 1-8. Prieiga per internetą:http://portalas.emokykla.lt/Elektroniniai%20leidiniai/Puslapiai/Publikacija14961.aspx?ID=83.Ugdymo karjerai programa [Career education program]. (2014). Prieiga per internetą:http://www3.lrs.lt/pls/inter3/dokpaieska.showdoc_l?p_id=470115&p_tr2=2Urbonienė, A. (2005). Studijuojančių socioedukacinio darbo specialybės profesinio pasirinkimomotyvacija ir jos vystymo edukacinės prielaidos. Daktaro disertacija [Professional motivation ofthe studying social-educational work specialties and educational preconditions of itsdevelopment: social sciences, educational science (07S)]. Kaunas: Kauno technologijosuniversitetas.Valackienė, A. (2000). Metodologinis moters profesinės karjeros sampratos tyrimas[Methodological research of professional career understanding]. Organizacijų vadyba:sisteminiai tyrimai / Management of Organizations: Systematic Research, 16, 163–179.Valackienė, A. (2001). Skirtingų kartų moterų profesinė karjera: padėties ir požiūrio vertinimasLietuvoje. Daktaro disertacija [Professional female career of different generations: Evaluation ofthe position and attitude in Lithuania]. Kaunas: Kauno technologijos institutas.Valackienė, A. (2003). Lietuvos moterų profesinės karjeros veiksniai: subjektyvus vertinimas[Factors determining women`s professional career in Lithuania: subjective assessment].Filosofija. Sociologija / Philosophy. Sociology, 1, 49–57.Valstybinio audito ataskaita. Kaip organizuojamas ir vykdomas mokinių profesinisorientavimas. Karjeros kompetencijų ugdymas Lietuvoje [State audit report. Howorganized and carried out the students career guidance]. (2014). Tiriamasis darbas,ŠMPF. Vilnius. 2014.

Kaynak Göster

APA Augienė, D , Lamanauskas, V . (2015). Career Education System Creation and Improvement: A Case of Lithuania . Batı Anadolu Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi , 6 (12) , 11-36 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/baebd/issue/31816/349471