SOLİ (KIBRIS) NEKROPOLÜNDEN KIBRIS-KLASİK DÖNEM TARİHLİ BİR APHRODİTE-EROS FİGÜRİNİ

Bu makalenin konusu, 2005-2006 yılında Güzelyurt Bölgesi Soli antik kentinin nekropol alanında gerçekleştirilen bir kurtarma kazısında keşfedilmiş olan Mezar 4A'da bulunmuş bir Aphrodite-Eros figürinidir. Sunduğu eserler sayesinde kentin Kıbrıs-Klasik Döneminde hüküm sürmüş soylu bir aileye ait olduğu anlaşılan Mezar 4A'da ele geçmiş olan kireçtaşı Aphrodite-Eros figürini, mezar odasındaki diğer eserler gibi büyük bir arkeolojik öneme sahiptir. Figürin, en başta sergilediği özellikler ile dönemin heykeltraşlık sanatı, etkin sanat akımları ve yerel üretimlerin karakteri hakkında oldukça değerli ipuçları sunmaktadır. Figürinin stilistik değerlendirmesi, birçok yerel örnekle daha önceden kurulmamış ilişki ve bağların kurulmasını da sağlamaktadır. Ama daha da önemlisi Mezar 4A Aphrodite-Eros figürininin, Soli kentinin Attika Bölgesi ve Atina kenti ile olan sosyo-kültürel bağlarını Kıbrıs-Klasik Dönem için daha önce hiç olmadığı kadar güçlü bir şekilde aydınlatmasıdır. Figürinin sunduğu güçlü Attik heykeltraşlık etkileri, Attikalı ustaların kentteki varlığını vurgulamakta ve Marion ile Salamis yanında Soli'yi de sanatsal anlamda Atina kültüründen etkilenmiş Kıbrıs-Klasik Dönem krallıkları arasına sokmaktadır

A CYPRO-CLASSICAL APHRODITE AND EROS FIGURINE FROM SOLOI (CYPRUS)

The subject of this article is an Aphrodite and Eros figurine found in Chamber 4A of a family grave complex which was found in 2005-2006, during a rescue excavation that was conducted at the Necropolis of Soloi in Cyprus. The figurine from the chamber, which likely was the burial place of a high status aristocratic family from the Cypro-Classical Period of the city, bears a significant importance for the world of archaeology like many other finds from the chamber. The figurine sheds light to the art of sculpturing of the era, artistic influences on the local productions as well as the character of the CyproClassical Solian sculpture. Stylistic examination of the figurine also reveals the presence of important local connections and a possible common cult shared by many Cypriot city kingdoms. But the most important of them all is that Chamber 4A figurine enables us to solidly realise the socio-cultural connections that the city of Soloi had with Attica Region and especially with Athens during the Cypro-Classical Period. Strong Attic influence shown by the figurine mixed with local character proves the presence of the Attic sculptors in the city thus placing Soloi amongst the other Atticly influenced phil-Hellenic city kingdoms like Marion and Salamis

Kaynakça

Boardman 1970 J. Boardman, Greek Gems and Fingerrings. Early Bronze Age to Late Classical, New York (1970).

Boardman 1985 J. Boardman, Greek Sculpture: Classical Period, London (1985).

Borza 1990 E. N. Borza, In the Shadow of the Olympus: The Emergence of Macedon, Princeton (1990).

Christou 2002 D. Christou, “The Region of Morphou – The pre-Christian Cultural Heritage”, in: L. Michaelidou (ed.), Holy Bishopric of Morphou – 2000 Years of Art and Holiness, Nicosia (2002), 19-37. Daremberg et al. 1877- 1919

Ch. Darember – E. Saglio – E. Pottier, Dictionarie des Antiquités grecques et romaines d’aprés les texts et les monuments, Paris (1877-1919).

Des Gagniers 1972 J. Des Gagniers, “Foullies de L’Universite Laval Quebec”, in: V. Karageorghis – A. Christodoulou (eds.), ΠΡΑΚΤΙΚΑ ΤΟΥ ΠΡΩΤΟΥ ΔΙΕΘΝΟΥΣ ΚΥΠΡΟΛΟΓΙΚΟΥ ΣΥΝΕΔΡΙΟΥ (14- 19.04.1969) ΤΟΜΟΣ Α, Nicosia, (1972) 41-49.

Des Gagniers 1975 J. Des Gagniers,“Excavations at Soli”, in: N. Robertson (ed.), The Archaeology of Cyprus – Recent Developments, New Jersey (1975), 211- 232.

Des Gagniers – Tinh 1985

J. Des Gagniers – T.T. Tinh, Soloi - Dix Campaignes de foullies (1964- 74) Vol. I, Sainte-Foy (1985).

Des Gagniers et al. 1967 J. Des Gagniers – I. G. Kahil – R. Ginouves – T.T. Tinh, “Trois Campagnes de Foullies a Soloi”, RDAC (1967), 1968, 50-58.

Ginouves 1989 R. Ginouves, “La Ville Basse”, in: J. Des Gagniers (ed.), Soloi – Dix Campagnes de Foullies (1964-1974) Vol. II, Sainte-Foy (1989) . Gjerstad et al. 1937 E. Gjerstad – J. Lindros – E. Sjøqvist – A. Westholm. The Swedish Cyprus Expedition. Finds and Results of the Excavations in Cyprus 1927- 1931, Vol. III, Stockholm (1937).

Gjerstad 1948 E. Gjerstad, The Swedish Cyprus Expedition IV, Part 2. The CyproGeometric, Cypro– Archaic and Cypro-Classical Periods, Stockholm (1948).

Harrison 1965 E. B. Harrison, The Athenian Agora, Vol. XI: Archaic and Archaistic Sculpture, Princeton (1965).

Hermary 2000 A. Hermary, Les figurines en terre cuite archaiques et classiques. Les sculptures en pierre – Amathonte V, Paris (2000).

Hill 1940 G. Hill, A History of Cyprus, Vol. I, Cambridge (1940).

Karageorghis 1963 V. Karageorghis, “Chroniques des foullies et découvertes archéologiques à Chypre en 1962”, BCH 87.1, 1963, 325-387.

Karageorghis 1973 V. Karageorghis, Excavations in the Necropolis of Salamis III (Text&Plates), Nicosia (1973).

Karageorghis 1998 V. Karageorghis, Greek Gods and Heroes in Ancient Cyprus, Athens (1998).

Karageorghis 2000 V. Karageorghis, Ancient Art from Cyprus – The Cesnola Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (2000).

MacDonald 1981 B. R. MacDonald, “The Emigration of Potters from Athens in the Late Fifth Century B.C. and its Effect on the Attic Pottery Industry”, AJA 85, 159-168.

Megaw 1955 A. H. S. Megaw, “Archaeology in Cyprus 1955”, ARepLond No. 2, 1955, 41-46.

Monloup 1994 T. Monloup, Les terre-cuites Classiques - Un Sanctuarie de la Grande Deesse. Salamine de Chypre XIV, Paris, (1994) . Neer 2010 R. Neer, The Emergence of the Classical Style in Greek Sculpture, Chicago/London (2010).

Raptou 1996 E. Raptou, “Contribution to the study of the economy of the ancient Cyprus: copper – timber”, in V. Karageorghis – D.

Michaelides (eds.), The Development of the Cypriot Economy: From the prehistoric period to the present day, Nicosia (1996), 249-259. Richter 1968 G. M. A. Richter, Korai, London (1968).

Serwint 1987 N. Serwint, Greek Athletic Sculpture from the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.: An Iconographic Study, Unpublished Dissertation, Princeton University (1987).

Serwint 1991 N. Serwint, “The Terracotta Sculpture from Marion”, in: F. Vandenabeele – R. Laffineur (eds.), Cypriote Terracottas, Proceedings of the First International Conference of Cypriote Studies, Brussels-LiegeAmsterdam, 29 May-1 June 1989, Brussels-Liege (1991), 213-220.

Serwint 1993 N. Serwint, “An Aphrodite and Eros Statuette from Ancient Marion”, RDAC (1993), 1994, 208-217.

Smith et al. 2012 J. S. Smith – M.G. Weir – N. Serwint, “The Sanctuaries of Marion”, in: W. A. P. Childs – J. S. Smith – J. M. Padgett (eds.), City of Gold: The Archaeology of Polis Chrysochous, Cyprus, Princeton (2012), 167-186.

Stewart 1979 A. F. Stewart, Attika: Studies in Athenian Sculpture of the Hellenistic Age, London (1979).

Tatton-Brown 1997 V. A. Tatton-Brown, Ancient Cyprus, London (1997).

Vandenabeele 2007 F. Vandenabeele, “Cypriote Terracottas: Genuine, Composite and Greek Types – Tradition and Innovation”, in: P. Flourentzos (ed.), From Evagoras I to the Ptolemies, The transition from the Classical to the Hellenistic Period in Cyprus, Nicosia 29-30 November 2002, Nicosia, (2007), 219-234.

Vermeule 1976 C. C. Vermeule, Greek and Roman Cyprus: Art from Classical through Late Antique Times, Boston (1976). Webster 1972 T. B. L. Webster, Potter and Patron in Classical Athens, London (1972).

Kaynak Göster