Öz Multitudinous studies conducted on organizational commitment and work values have emphasized a great significance of these concepts. In recent years considerable attention has also been accentuated on religiosity and its influence. This study tested the impact of religiosity on organizational commitment through work values. Data were collected from 261 participants employed in various companies located in Istanbul, Turkey. The findings extend current theories of the role of religion in working environment by examining the possible influence on work values. Positive correlation between religiosity and work values was established. Contrary to the hypotheses suggested, work values failed to correlate with affective and normative commitment, while supporting a positive relationship with continuance commitment.
Abbott G. N., White F. A., and Charles M. A. (2005). Linking Values and Organizational Commitment: A Correlational and Experimental Investigation in Two Organizations. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78, 531-551.
Adams, D. W., and Csiernik, R. (2002). Seeking the lost spirit: Understanding Spirituality and Restoring it to the Workplace. Employee Assistance Quarterly, 17(4), 31–44.
Allen N. J., and Meyer J. P. (1990). The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.
Allport G. W. (1966). The Religious Context of Prejudice. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 5(3), 447-457.
Allport, G. W., and Ross, J. M. (1967). Personal Religious Orientation and Prejudice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 5, 432-443.
Barhem B., Younies H., and Muhamad R. (2009). Religiosity and Work Stress Coping Behavior of Muslim Employees. Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, 2(2), 123-137.
Becker, H.S. (1960). Notes on the concept of commitment. American Journal of Sociology, 66, 32-42.
Blau J. G. (1986). Job Involvement and Organizational Commitment as Interactive Predictors of Tardiness and Absenteeism. Journal of Management, 12(4), 577-584.
Borg, I. (2005). Facet Theory. Encyclopedia of Statistics in Behavioral Science, 2, 595-599.
Buchanan, B. (1974). Building organizational commitment: The socialization of managers in work organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 19, 533-546.
Cohen, A. (1993). Age and Tenure in Relation to Organizational Commitment: A Meta- Analysis. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 14(2), 143-159.
Davidson J. J., and Caddell P. D. (1994). Religion and the Meaning of Work. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 33(2), 135-147.
Dose J. J. (1997). Work Values: An Integrative Framework and Illustrative Application to Organizational Socialization. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 70, 219-240.
Duffy, R. D. (2006). Spirituality, Religion, and Career Development: Current Status and Future Directions. The Career Development Quarterly, 50, 52-63.
Duffy, R. D. (2010). Spirituality, Religion, and Work Values. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 38(1), 52-61.
Durmus B., Yurtkoru E. S., ve Çinko M. (2018). Sosyal Bilimlerde SPSS’le Veri Analizi (7. Baskı). İstanbul: Beta Basım Yayım Dağıtım A.Ş.
Elizur, D. (1970). Adapting to Innovation: A Facet Analysis of the Case of the Computer. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Academic Press.
Elizur, D. (1984). Facets of Work Values: A Structural Analysis of Work Outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69(3), 379-389.
Elizur, D. (1996). Work Values and Commitment. International Journal of Manpower, 17(3), 25-30.
Elizur, D., and Guttman L. (1976). The Structure of Attitudes toward Work and Technological Change within an Organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 21(4), 611-622.
Elizur, D., and Shye S. (1990). Quality of Work Life and its Relation to Quality of Life. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 39(3), 275-291.
Farrukh, M., Ying, C. W., and Ahmed, N. O. (2016). Organizational Commitment: Does Religiosity Matter? Cogent Business & Management, 3, 1-10.
Froese, F. J., and Xiao S. (2012). Work Values, Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in China. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(10), 2144-2162.
Grusky, O. (1966). Career Mobility and Organizational Commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 10(4), 488-503.
Gyekye S. A., and Haybatollahi M. (2012). Workers’ Religious Affiliations and Organizational Behavior: An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Organizaitonal Behavior, 17(4), 1- 18.
Hofstede. G. (1984). The Cultural Relativity of the Quality of Life Concept. Academy of Management Review, 9, 389-398.
Hoge, D.R. (1972). A Validated Intrinsic Religious Motivation Scale. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 11, 369–376.
Hrebiniak, L. G. (1974). Effects of Job Level and Participation on Employee Attitude and Perception of Influence. Academy of Management Journal, 17, 469-662.
Hrebiniak, L. G., and Alutto J. A. (1972). Personal and Role-Related Factors in the Development of Organizational Commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 17(4), 555- 572.
Johnson, M. K. (2005). Family Roles and Work Values: Process of Selection and Change. Journal of Marriage and Family, 67, 352-369.
Jurgensen, C E (1978) Job preferences (What makes a job good or bad?). Journal of Applied Psychology, 63, 267-276.
Kanter R. M. (1968). Commitment and Social Organization: A Study of Commitment Mechanisms in Utopian Communities. American Sociological Review, 33(4), 499-517.
Kidron A. (1978). Work Values and Organizational Commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 21(2), 239-247.
King E. J. and Crowther R. M. (2004). The Measurement of Religiosity and Spirituality. Examples and Issues from Psychology. Journal of Organizational Change Management. 17(1), 83.
King E. J., and Williamson O. I. (2005). Workplace Religious Expression, Religiosity and Job Satisfaction: Clarifying a Relationship. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, 2(2), 173-198.
King, R. C., Sethi V. (1997). The Moderating Effect of Organizational Commitment on Burnout in Information Systems Professionals. European Journal of Information System, 6, 86-96.
Kutcher, J.E., Bragger, J.D., Srednicki, R.O., and Masco, L.L. (2010). The Role of Religiosity in Stress, Job Attitudes, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics, 95, 319-337.
Lee, S.M. (1971). An Empricial Analysis of Organizaitonal Identification. Academy of Management Journal, 14(2), 213-226.
Mathieu E, J., and Zajac M. D. (1990). A Review and Meta-Analysis of the Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences of Organizational Commitment. Psychological Bulletin, 108(2), 171-194.
Meglino B. M., Ravlin E. C., and Adkins C. L. (1989). A Work Values Approach to Corporate Culture: A Field Test of the Value Congruence Process and Its Relationship to Individual Outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology. 74(3), 424-432.
Meyer J. P., Irving G. P., and Allen N. J. (1998). Examination of The Combined Effects of Work Values and Early Work Experiences on Organizational Commitment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19, 29-52.
Meyer J. P., Stanley D. J., Herscovitch L., and Topolnytsky L. (2002). Affective, Continuance, and Normative Commitment to the Organization: A Meta-Analysis of Antecedents, Correlates, and Consequences. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 61, 20-52.
Meyer, J. P., and Allen, N. J. (1991). A Three-Component Conceptualization of Organizational Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1(1), 61-89. Mottaz, C. J. (1988). Determinants of Organizational Commitment. Human Relations, 41(6), 467-482.
Mowday, R. T., Porter, L. W. and Steers, R. M. (1982). Organizational Linkages. Academic Press, New York.
Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M., Porter, L. W. (1979). The Measurement of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 14, 224-247.
Olowookere, E. I. (2014). Influence of Religiosity and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Critical Review of Literature. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 1(3), 48-63.
Parboteeah, K. P., Hoegl M., and Cullen J. (2009). Religious Dimensions and Work Obligation: A Country Institutional Profile Model. Human Relations, 62(1), 119-148. Pennings, J. M. (1970). Work Value Systems of White Collar Workers. Administrative Science Quarterly, 15, 397-405.
Porter, L.W., Steers R.M., Mowday R. T., and Boulian P. V. (1974). Organizational Commitment, Job Satisfaction, and Turnover Among Psychiatric Technicians. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59(5), 603-609.
Putti J. M., Aryee S., and Liang T. K. (1989). Work Values and Organizational Commitment: A Study in the Asian Context. Human Relations, 42, 275-288.
Roe R. A., and Ester P. (1999). Values and Work Empirical Findings and Theoretical Perspective. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48(1), 1-21.
Rokeach, M. (1968). A Theory of Organization and Change Within Value-Attittude Systems. Journal of Social Issues, 24(1), 1968.
Rokeach, M. (1968). The Role of Values in Public Opinion Research. Public Opinion Quarterly, 32(4), 547.
Ros, M., Schwartz, S. H., and Surkiss S. (1999). Basic Individual Values, Work Values, and the Meaning of Work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48(1), 49-71.
Saige, A. (1993). Measurement of Religiosity and Work Obligations Among Israeli Youth. The Journal of Social Psychology, 133(4), 529-537.
Sav A. (2016). The Role of Religion in Work-Life Interface. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 10, 1-22.
Schwartz, S. H., and Huismans S. (1995). Value Priorities and Religiosity in Four Western Religions. Social Psychology Quarterly, 58(2), 88-107.
Sheldon, M. E. (1971). Investments and Involvements and Mechanisms Producing Commitment to the Organization. Administrative Science Quarterly, 16, 142-150.
Sikorska-Simmons, E. (2005). Predictors of Organizational Commitment Among Staff in Assisted Living. The Gerontologist, 45(2), 196-205.
Steers, R. M. (1977). Antecedents and Outcomes of Organizational Commitment. Administrative Science Quarterly, 22, No.1, 46-56.
Super, D. E. (1980). A Life-Span, Life-Space Approach to Career Development. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 52, 129-148.
Vecchio P. R. (1980). A Test of a Moderator of the Job Satisfaction-Job Quality Relationship: The Case of Religious Affiliation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65(2), 195- 201.
Weaver, G. R. and Agle, B. R. (2002) Religiosity and Ethical Behavior in Organizations: A Symbolic Interactionist Perspective. Academy of Management Review, 27(1), 77–98.
Wiener Y., and Gechman S. A. (1977). Commitment: A Behavioral Approach to Job Involvement. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 10, 47-52.
Zytowski D. G. (1970). The Concept of Work Values. Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 18(3) 176- 186.