Ekonomik Büyüme, Enerji Tüketimi ve Karbon Emisyonları İlişkisi: Çin Örneği

Ekonomik büyüme ve gelişmeye bağlı olarak yüksek düzeyde enerji tüketiminin çevre üzerindeki etkileri tartışılmaktadır. Ekonomik ve sosyal yaşamda enerji kullanımının giderek artması çevre kalitesini olumsuz etkilemekte, yaşanılan çevre açısından önemli sorunları da beraberinde getirmektedir. Bu bağlamda, ekonomik gelişme ve büyümenin sürdürülebilirliğini esas alan yaklaşımlar gittikçe önem kazanmaktadır. Bu çalışma, Çin'de 1971-2014 döneminde sürdürülebilir büyüme bağlamında ekonomik büyüme ve enerji kullanımı ile karbon emisyonları arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Çalışmada, yıllık veriler kullanılmış olup Sıradan En Küçük Kareler tahmin yöntemi ile beraber Johansen Eşbütünleşme ve Hata Düzeltme Modeli Granger nedensellik test yöntemleri uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen bulgular, Johansen Eşbütünleşme test ve Sıradan En Küçük Kareler yöntemi tahmin sonuçlarının istatistiksel olarak anlamlı sonuçlandığını göstermektedir. Fakat, Hata Düzeltme Modeli Granger nedensellik test sonuçları anlamlı bulunmamıştır. Bulgular, Çin’de ekonomik büyümenin ve enerji tüketiminin karbon emisyonları üzerinde etkili olduğunu göstermekte ve Sürdürülebilir Ekonomik Büyüme yaklaşımının Çin için önemli olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır.

Economic Growth, Energy Consumption and Carbon Emissions Relation: The Case of China

It is discussed the effects on the environment of energy use at a high level depending on economic growth and development. It is the cause negative effects on air quality, and it brings with it important problems in terms of the environment we live in increasing of energy use in economic and social life. In this context, approaches are becoming more and more important based on the sustainability of economic development and growth. In this paper, the relationship between economic growth, energy consumption and carbon emissions in the context of sustainable growth in China during the period 1971-2014. The annual data were used in the paper, Johansen Cointegration, Ordinary Least Squares estimation, Error Correction Model Granger causality test methods have been performed. Obtained the findings show that the results of the Johansen Cointegration test and Ordinary Least Squares estimation are statistically significant. However, Error Correction Model Granger causality test results were not found to be significant. The findings show that economic growth and energy consumption has an impact on carbon emissions in China and reveals that the Sustainable Economic Growth approach is important for China.

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Kaynak Göster

APA Atgür, M . (2021). Ekonomik Büyüme, Enerji Tüketimi ve Karbon Emisyonları İlişkisi: Çin Örneği . Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 23 (1) , 172-186 . DOI: 10.32709/akusosbil.696857