Growth Performance of Clarias gariepinus on Diets Fortified with Lactobacillus plantarum and Psidium guajava Leaf

This study was conducted to assess the effect of dietary inclusions of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) and Psidium guajava (P. guajava) diets on the growth performance of Clarias gariepinus (C. gariepinus). Seven treatments were administered to 420 C. gariepinus juveniles. They were: Control (Basal diet of 42% crude protein), L. plantarum (LPc) (cell/1000 mL) at 40, 60, 80 and P. guajava leaf meal (PGLM) (g/1000g) at 40, 60 and 80 per kg of feed. Body Weight Gain (BWG) (g), Specific Growth Rate (SGR) (g/day), Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR), Survival Rate (SR) (%), Protein Efficiency Ratio (PER) and Nitrogen Metabolism (NM) were evaluated. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and ANOVA at p0.05) was observed in feed conversion ratio across all treatments. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) observed in the survival rate between control (93.80±4.98)% and 80 PGLM (96.77±4.09)%. No significance difference (p>0.05) was observed in protein efficiency ratio between control (1.01±0.36) and 60 PGLM (0.95±0.36). There was no significant difference (p>0.05) observed in nitrogen metabolism across all treatment groups. Hence, the inclusion level of 40 cells/1000 mL of L. plantarum fortified diet in cultured juvenile C. gariepinus was observed to have a better growth enhancing performance and nutrient utilization than P. guajava leaf meal at 40g/1000g.

Kaynakça

Abdel-hamid, A.M., Mehrim, A.I., El-barbary M.I., Ibrahim, S.M., Abd El-wahab, A. I. 2009. Evaluation of a new Egyptian probiotic by African catfish fingerlings. Journal of Environment Science Technology 3, 133-145.

Adegbehingbe, K.T., 2013. Fermented sprouted and unsprouted maize for ogi production. International Journal of Advanced Research 1, 428-434.

Adewolu, M.A., Adeniji, C.A., Adejobi, A.B., 2008. Feed utilization, growth and survival of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) fingerlings cultured under different photoperiods. Aquaculture 283, 64-67. [CrossRef]

Agaliya, P., Jeevaratnam, K., 2013. Molecular characterization of Lactobacilli isolated from Idli batter. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 44, 1199-1206. [CrossRef]

Ajani, F., Dawodu, M.O., Bello-Olusoji, O.A., 2011. Effects of feed forms and feeding frequency on growth performance and nutrient utilization of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6, 318-322.

Albuquerque, D.M., Marengoni, N.G., Mahli, I. Riberro, R.P., 2014.

Bacillus in diets for fingerlings of nile tilapia, Gift variety. Biosciences Journal 31, 532-540. [CrossRef]

Arimah, B.D., Ogunlowo, O.P., 2014. Identification of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Nigerian foods: medical importance and comparison of their bacteriocins activities. Journal of Natural Science Research 4, 76-86.

AOAC., 1990. AOAC method 973.18-Fiber (Acid Detergent) and Lignin in Animal Feeds. K. Helrick. Ed. Official method of analysis of the association of official analytical chemists 15th ed., vol. 82. Arlington, VA: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.

Bondad, M.G., Subasinghe, R.P., Arthur, J.R., 2005. Disease and health management in Asian aquaculture. Veterinary Parasitology 132, 249-272. [CrossRef]

Brown, M.E., 1957. Metabolism. In: (W. S. Hoar, Randal, D.D. (Eds.). Physiology of fishes. New York. Academic Press.

De Silva, S.S., Anderson, T.A. 1995. Fish Nutrition in Aquaculture. Chamann and Hall Aquaculture Series, UK, p. 319.

Diab, A.S., EL-Nagar, O.G., Abd-El-Hady, M.Y., 2002. Evaluation of Nigella sativa L. (black seeds; baraka), Allium sativum (garlic) and Biogen as a feed additive on growth performance of Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Veterinary Medicine Journal Suez Canal University 2, 745-753.

El-Haroun E.R., 2007. Improved growth rate and feed utilization in farmed African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822) through a growth promoter Biogen® supplementation. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 2, 319-327. [CrossRef]

Guz, L., Sopinska, A., Oniszczuk, T., 2011. Effect of Echinacea purpurea on growth and survival of guppy (Poecilia reticulata) challenged with Aeromonas bestiarum. Aquaculture Nutrition 6, 695-700. [CrossRef]

Halver, J.E., 1972. Fish Nutrition. Academic Press Incorporated New York 71, p. 6.

Hassan, L.G., Ngaski, M.M.A., 2007. Nutritional evaluation of Cassia siamea leaves. Journal of Chemical Society of Nigeria 32,137-143.

Hata, T., Tanaka, R., Ohmomo, S., 2010. Isolation and characterization of plantaricin ASM1: a new bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus plantarum A-1. International Journal of Food Microbiology 137, 94-99. [CrossRef]

Iranmanesh, M., Ezzatpanah, H., Mojghani, N., 2014. Antibacterial activity and cholesterol assimilation of lactic acid bacteria isolated from traditional Iranian dairy products. LWT - Food Science and Technology 58, 355-359. [CrossRef]

Lashkar, B.M., Jafaryan, H., Faramarzi, M. and Adineh, H. 2011. The effects of Amax yeast fed to Persian sturgeon (Acipencer persicus) larvae via bioenrichment of Daphnia magna. Aquaculture Aquarium Conservation and Legislation Bioflux 4, 361-367.

Mourad, K., Nour-Eddine, K., 2006. In vitro pre-selection criteria for probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum strains of fermented olives origin. International Journal of Probiotics and Prebiotics 1, 27-32.

Moura, M.C., 2011. Bacillus cereus var.toyoi and Bacillus subtilis C-3102 in the Nile tilapia culture of the GIFT strain-Master’s degree in Fishery Engineering and Fishing Resources-Western State University of Paraná, Paraná p: 58.

NRC (National Research Council)., 2011. Nutrient requirements of fish and shrimp. Washington DC, National Academy Press p. 392.

Nwanna, L.C., Ajani, E.K., Bamidele, S.F., 2014. Use of lactic acid bacteria from Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus as probiotics for sustainable production and improvement in fish welfare. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh 66, 1-12.

Nwanna, L.C., Lemme, A., Metwally, A., Schwarz, F., 2012. Response of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) to supplemental DL-Methionine and different feeding strategies. Aquaculture 357, 365-370. [CrossRef]

Olmedo-Sanchez, J.A., Curiel-Flores, A., Orozco, J.R., 2009. The effect of an herbal growth promoter feed additive on shrimp performance. Research Journal of Biological Science 4, 1022-1024.

Owodeinde, F.G., Ndimele, P.E., 2011. Survival, growth and feed utilization of two clariid catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell 1822 and Heterobranchus bidorsalis, Geoffroy, 1809) and their reciprocal hybrids. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 27, 1249-1253. [CrossRef]

Sandre, L.C.G., Buzollo, H., Nascimento, M.T., Neira, L.M., Jomori, R.K., Carneiro, D.J., 2017. Productive performance and digestibility in the initial growth phase of tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) fed diets with different carbohydrate and lipid levels. Aquaculture Reports 6, 28-34.

Sang, H.M., Fotedar, R., Filer, K., 2011. Effects of dietary mannan oligosaccharide on the survival, growth, immunity and digestive enzyme activity of freshwater crayfish, Cherax destructor Clark (1936). Aquaculture Nutrition 17, 629-635. [CrossRef]

Saraniya, A., Jeevaratnam, K., 2012. Molecular characterization of bacteriocinogenic Lactobacillus species from fermented Uttapam batter. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia 9, 417-421. [CrossRef]

Sayed, S.H., Zakaria, A., Mohamed, G.A., Mohamed, K. K., 2011. Use of Probiotics as growth promoter, anti-bacterial and their effects on the physiological parameters and immune response of Oreochromis niloticus Lin. fingerlings. Journal of Arabian Aquaculture Society 6, 201-222.

Shalaby, A.M., Khattab, Y.A., Abdel-Rahman, A.M., 2006. Effects of garlic (Allium sativum) and chloramphenicol on growth performance, physiological parameters and survival of Nile tilapia. Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases 12, 172- 201. [CrossRef]

Todorov, S.D., Rachman, C., Fourrier, A., Dicks, L.M.T., van Reenen, C.A., Prévost, H., Dousset, X., 2011. Characterisation of a bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus sakei R1333 isolated from smoked salmon. Anaerobe 17, 23-31. [CrossRef]

Waché, Y., Auffray, F., Gatesoupe, F.J., Zambonino, J., Gayet, V., Labbé, L., 2006. Cross effects of the strain of dietary Saccharomyces cerevisiae and rearing conditions on the onset of intestinal microbiota and digestive enzymes in rainbow trout, Onchorhynchus mykiss fry. Aquaculture 258, 470-478. [CrossRef]

Welker, T. L., Lim, C., 2011. Use of probiotics in diets of tilapia. Journal of Aquatic Research and Development S1:014, 1-8.

Kaynak Göster