Objective: To investigate whether orthopedic and traumatology residents who are undergoing training achieve competence in surgical techniques after completion of their specialization and to determine whether there are significant differences between the responses of residents from accredited and nonaccredited institutions. Methods: A total of 131 orthopedics and traumatology residents from nine institutions in the İstanbul province answered the questionnaire during the morning training meeting. In addition to basic demographic data, level of seniority, equipment competence, and theoretical and practical training, the residents were asked about their opinion on what type of surgeries they could perform after their specialization, considering the surgery and follow-up of the case as well as the complications occurring during this period. The residents responded to questions on 46 surgeries under the main headings of trauma, arthroscopy, arthroplasty, spine, pediatric orthopedics, hand surgery, deformity, and bone and soft tissue tumors. In addition to descriptive statistical methods, one-way analysis of variance, Tukey’s multiple comparison test, and chi square test were used to evaluate the data. The significance level for the results was set at p
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