Evlenmek Amacıyla Evden Kaçan Kız Ergenler: Bir Olgubilim Çalışması

Öz: Bu çalışmanın amacı, evlenmek amacıyla evden kaçan kız ergenlerin; kaçma nedenleri, aile dinamikleri, ebeveyn ilişkileri, destek kaynakları ve benlik algılarını anlamaktır. Denizli’nin bir ilçesinde evden kaçarak evlenen 10 kadın katılımcı çalışma grubunu oluşturmaktadır. Katılımcıların yaşları 16 ile 21 arasında değişmektedir. Çalışmanın temel amacının bütüncül bir yaklaşımla aydınlatılabilmesi için, nitel araştırma yöntemi kullanılmış, “Olgubilim” araştırmanın deseni olarak seçilmiştir. Görüşme Formu veri toplama aracı olarak kullanılmıştır. Verilerin çözümlenmesinde tümevarımcı analiz yöntemine bağlı olarak kodlamaya dayalı içerik analizi yapılmıştır. Ortaya çıkan kodlardan yola çıkılarak kodlar arası ilişkilere, bir diğer deyişle temalara ulaşılmıştır. Analiz sonuçları, evden kaçarak evlenen kız ergenlerin kaçma nedenleri açısından birbirlerinden farklılaştığını göstermektedir. Analiz sonuçları ayrıca, katılımcıların kaçma öncesinde aileleriyle sorunlar yaşadıklarını, çoğunun ailelerinde iletişimsizliğin, sosyal destek yokluğunun ortak temalar olduğunu ve ailelerin katılımcıların gereksinimlerini yeterince karşılamadıklarını göstermektedir. Benzer şekilde, katılımcıların çoğu, kendilerini ailelerinin anlamlı bir parçası olarak algılamadıklarını belirtmişlerdir. Son olarak, kaçma sonrasında katılımcıların çoğunun yoğun hayal kırıklıkları yaşadıkları ve beklentilerinin karşılanmadığı görülmektedir. Araştırmadan elde edilen bulgular alan yazınla ilişkisi çerçevesinde tartışılmış ve bazı önerilerde bulunulmuştur.Anahtar Sözcükler: evden kaçan kız ergenler, aile ilişkileri, aile dinamikleri, kendilik algıları, sosyal destekAbstract: The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons of the runaway behavior to get married for adolescent girls and their family dynamics, sources of social support, family relationships, self- perception. The study was conducted with the ten runaway girl adolescents of a district in Denizli. Age range varied from 16 to 21. Qualitative research methodology was used for this study. “Phenomenological Study” was chosen as a research design. Interview form was used as the data collection tool for the evaluation of the running away process and completed as deeply interviewed. Coding was made depending on the inductive method of analysis. After coding, relations between codes, in other words, themes were reached. The results showed that although runaway girls have different reasons for runaway to get married, most of them have some problems with their families before running away and do not feel themselves as a significant member of their own family. In addition, lack of communication and social support seem as the central themes in families of the most of the runaway girls. Finally, after running away from home, the runaway girls reported the experience of disappointment and not receiving a warm welcome from their family. Implications of these findings were discussed and suggestions were presented within the context of literature.Keywords: runaway girl adolescents, family relationships, family dynamics, self-perception, social support

The purpose of this study was to understand the reasons of the runaway behavior to get married for adolescent girls and their family dynamics, sources of social support, family relationships, selfperception. The study was conducted with the ten runaway girl adolescents of a district in Denizli. Age range varied from 16 to 21. Qualitative research methodology was used for this study. “Phenomenological Study” was chosen as a research design. Interview form was used as the data collection tool for the evaluation of the running away process and completed as deeply interviewed. Coding was made depending on the inductive method of analysis. After coding, relations between codes, in other words, themes were reached. The results showed that although runaway girls have different reasons for runaway to get married, most of them have some problems with their families before running away and do not feel themselves as a signifi cant member of their own family. In addition, lack of communication and social support seem as the central themes in families of the most of the runaway girls. Finally, after running away from home, the runaway girls reported the experience of disappointment and not receiving a warm welcome from their family. Implications of these fi ndings were discussed and suggestions were presented within the context of literature

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