Kent Kimliğine Bütüncül Bir Bakış

Günümüzdeendüstrileşme, küreselleşme ve teknolojik gelişmelerle birlikte köklüdeğişimler yaşayan dünya kentlerinin gitgide birbirine benzer hale gelmesiyleyaşanan kentsel kimlik sorunu, duyarlı siyasi liderlerin, profesyonellerin vekentsel tasarımcıların başlıca endişelerinden birini oluşturmaktadır. Bubağlamda, kentsel kimliğe ulaşmanın yollarının belirlenebilmesi için estetikbir yüzeyselliğe indirgenmeden, kavramın ayrıntılı bir analizinin yapılmasıgerekmektedir. Bu nedenle, bu çalışmada, bütüncül bir bakış açısının önemininbilincinde ve yazarın dünyanın farklı ülkelerinden kentlerde yaptığı gözlem veincelemelere dayalı olarak, güçlü kimliğe sahip ayrımsanabilir yerlerinyaratılması ya da desteklenebilmesini kolaylaştıran ögelere yoğunlaşılmakta vebir yer ile bütünleşmenin, fiziksel çevre ögeleri kadar sosyal çevreninkarakteristiklerine bağlı olduğu savlanmaktadır. Bu çevresel bütün kapsamında,yoğunluk, cadde/sokak ve meydanları içeren kamusal alan, kentsel işlevlerinörüntüsü, bina ve kamusal alan ilişkileri, semtler ve anıtlar, kentsel kimlikanalizinin ögeleri olarak tartışılmakta ve “kentsel yaşam”a odaklanmanıngereğine dikkat çekilmektedir.

A Holistic Framework for Urban Identity

As cities are undergone radicaltransformations in line with industrialization, globalization and technologicaladvancements, and many places are beginning to look similar, issues of placeidentity now engage mainstream politicians, professionals and urban designersin many parts of the world. In this context, a thorough analysis of the conceptof identity is needed and an understanding of the ways through which it can beachieved without reducing the concept to an aesthetic dressing possesses agreat importance. Highlighting the importance of a holisticframework and examining various cities and places of strong identity, thisstudy first focuses on the organizing elements which help create or enhanceidentifiable places, and postulates that the identification with places dependson the characteristics of social environment as well as physical dimensions. In this context, density, public realmincluding squares and streets, pattern of urban functions, building and publicspace relationships, districts and monuments are discussed as the elements foranalyzing the urban identity, provided that “urban life” is focused rather thanlimiting the analysis and interpretations to the physical aspects of places.

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