YÖNETSEL GÜÇLÜLÜK VE ETKİLİLİK: KAVRAMSAL BİR ÇALIŞMA

Öz Organizasyonların çevreye uyum sağlamaları, gerek durağan gerekse karmaşık ve değişken çevre şartlarına uygun yönetsel tepkiler vermelerine bağlıdır. Etkili yönetim için hem yönetsel beceriler hem de yönetsel yetenekler gerekli olduğundan, ikisi arasında ayrım yapmak önem arz etmektedir. Yönetsel beceriler rutin ve programlanmış işler için gerekliyken, yönetsel yetenekler rutin olmayan ve programlanmamış işler içindir. Yönetsel işlerin en önemli unsurları, yetenek kullanımını gerektiren rutin olmayan ve programlanmamış işlerle ilgilidir. Yönetsel işler için gerekli olan yeteneklere sahip olma, yönetsel güçlülük olarak kavramsallaştırılmaktadır (Kanungo ve Misra, 1992). Yönetsel güçlülük, yönetsel işlerin gerektirdiği uygun tepkiyi kolaylaştıran belirli duygusal, zihinsel ve davranışsal yetenekler setidir. Yetenekler, başarılı bir yöneticinin repertuvarının temel ve önemli bileşenleridir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, yönetsel güçlülük kavramına ve bu kavramın organizasyonlar için önemine dikkat çekmektir.

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