Yenilebilen ve Yenilemeyen Bitkilerde Melatonin

Bitkilerde melatonin kavramı, son yıllarda, hem bitkiler hem de beslenme ve sağlığı koruma amacıyla bitkileri kullanan insanlar için oldukça önemli olmuştur. Enzimler aracılığıyla L-triptofandan sentezlenen melatonin bitkiyi zorlu koşullara karşı korumaktadır. İnsanlar antioksidan, immünomodülatör, antienflamatuvar ve antikanser etkilerinden dolayı bu bitkileri kullanmaktadır. Yenilebilen ve yenilemeyen bitki kısımlarında siklodeskstrinle modifiye edilmiş miseller elektrokinetik kromatografi, enzim bağlı immünosorban deneyi, radyoimmün test, yüksek performanslı sıvı kromatografisi, elektrokimyasal algılamalı sıvı kromatografisi, florometrik algılamalı sıvı kromatografisi, sıvı kromatografisi-kütle spektrometrisi ve sıvı kromatografisi-ultraviyole spektrofotometri yöntemleri ile tespit edilmiştir. Bu derlemede, melatoninin hem hayvanlarda hem de bitkilerde biyosentezi, özellikle tıbbi/yenilebilen ve yenilemeyen bitkilerde melatoninin fonksiyonu ve bu bitkilerde fitomelatonin içeriği sunulmuştur.

Melatonin in Edible and Non-Edible Plants

The concept of melatonin has become more important recently both in plants and in human who utilize plants for nutritional and health purposes. Melatonin, synthesized from L-tryptophan by enzyms, protects plants against difficult conditions. People have consumed these plants for their antioxidant, immunomodulator, antiinflammatory and anticancer effects. In parts of edible and non-edible plants, levels of melatonin are determined by cyclodextrin-modified micellar electrokinetic chromatography, enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay, radioimmunoassay, highperformance liquid chromatography, liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection, liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and liquid chromatography-ultraviolet spectrophotometry. In this review, biosynthesis of melatonin in both animal and plants, function of melatonin in plant kingdom, especially in medicinal/edible and nonedible plants, and detection of phytomelatonin content in those plants are presented.


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Turkish Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • ISSN: 1304-530X
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 6 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2000


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Yenilebilen ve Yenilemeyen Bitkilerde Melatonin