Futbolda Yorgunluk ve Toparlanma

Günümüzde profesyonel futbolda, sporcuların genellikle eskisine göre daha sık aralıklarla maçlara çıkması beklenir. Bu sebeple fiziksel performanslarını tam olarak göstermekte zaman zaman başarısız olabilirler. Bu yoğun maç programları sırasında maç sonrası yorgunluğu hafifletmek, performansı en hızlı şekilde optimuma getirmek ve yaralanma riskini en aza indirmek; uygun toparlanma stratejilerini gerektirir. Futbol; sürat koşusu, yön değiştirme, zıplama, topu kapma gibi aktivitelerin yanı sıra top sürme, pas verme, şut atma gibi teknik beceriler de gerektirir. Tüm bu aktiviteler; dehidratasyon, glikojen depolarının boşalması, kas hasarları ve mental yorgunluğun bir kombinasyonu olan maç sonu yorgunluğa neden olur. Futbol maçı sonrası yorgunluğun dozu, içsel ve veya dışsal birçok faktöre bağlıdır ve bu faktörler toparlanma süreci üzerinde etkilidir. Futbolda toparlanma stratejileri karmaşıktır ve önerilen yöntemlerin birçoğu halen tartışmalıdır. Uyku, hidrasyon, diyet ve soğuk su uygulaması etkinliği daha iyi gösterilmiş yöntemler arasında yer almaktadır. Yorgunluk mekanizmasını ve seviyesini etkileyen diğer faktörleri belirlemek için daha fazla çalışmaya ihtiyaç vardır. Etkin ve bireysel olarak dizayn edilen toparlanma stratejileri bu şekilde hayata geçirilebilir.

Fatigue and Recovery in Football

In professional football, players are generally expected to participate in more matches than before. Therefore, they may occasionally fail to show their best physical performance. Due to intense match schedules; to reduce post-match fatigue to optimize performance as quickly as possible and to minimize the risk of injury appropriate recovery strategies are necessitated. Football requires some activities such as sprinting, changing direction, jumping, grabbing the ball as well as technical skills for example dribbling, passing, shooting the ball. All of these activities are resulted with fatigue with a combination of dehydration, deprivation of the glycogen storage, muscle injury and mental exhaustion. The amount of fatigue depends on many internal and /or external factors and influences recovery process. In football, recovery strategies are complex and many of the proposed methods are still controversial. Sleep, hydration, diet and cold water applications are the most evident strategies. Further studies are needed to clarify the factors those leading to and determining the level of fatigue, thus implementing effective and individualized recovery strategies.

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Kaynak Göster

Spor Hekimliği Dergisi
  • ISSN: 1300-0551
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 1966

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