Evaluation of Alpine Skiing Injuries in Terms of Personal Precautions: Erciyes Sample

Amaç: Araştırmanın amacı, alp disiplini kayak yaparken meydana gelen yaralanma vakalarının bireysel güvenlik tedbirleri açısından incelenmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırmada 2012-2017 yılları arasında Kayseri Erciyes Kayak Merkezi'nde kayak yaparken meydana gelen yaralanmalara ilişkin bilgiler arşiv taraması yapılarak elde edildi. Tıbbi müdahale gerektiren yaralanma vakalarına ait bilgi formlarında yer alan demografik bilgiler ve güvenlik tedbirleri ile ilgili veriler analiz edildi. Bulgular: Araştırmada beş kayak sezonu boyunca resmi kayıtlara geçen 397 (%57.5) erkek ve 293 (%42.5) kadın olmak üzere toplam 690 yaralanma vakasının meydana geldiği belirlendi. Yaralanma vakalarında yaş ortalamasının 27.1±10.6 yıl olduğu saptandı. Kullanılan kayak ekipmanları bakımından 614 (%89.0) olguda alp disiplini kayağa uygun kıyafet, bot ve bağlama kullandığı; 76 (%11.0) olguda ise uygun ekipman kullanılmadığı ortaya kondu. Kask kullanımı bakımından 126 (%18.3) vakada kask takıldığı, 564 (%81.7) vakada ise takılmadığı belirlendi. Kaymaya yeni başlayan deneyimsiz kayakçılarda 344 (%49.9) vakanın, orta seviyede (1-5 yıl) 293 (%42.5) vakanın, ileri ve üst seviyede deneyimli kayakçılarda ise 53 (%7.6) vakanın meydana geldiği saptandı. Sonuç: Araştırma sonucunda alp disiplini kayakta meydana gelen yaralanmalarda bireysel güvenlik bakımından kayak ekipmanına uygun kıyafetler kullanıldığı, ancak kask kullanım oranının oldukça düşük olduğu görülmektedir. Alp disiplini kayakta özellikle düşme ve çarpışma kaynaklı yaralanmaların daha fazla olması nedeniyle, bireysel güvenlik açısından kask kullanımının yaygınlaşması yaralanma vakalarının önlenmesinde faydalı olabilir. Ayrıca kayakta deneyim arttıkça olgu sayısının azaldığına işaret eden bulgular, yeni başlayan ve orta seviye kayakçılara yönelik eğitim ve güvenlik konusunda daha fazla destek verilmesi gerektiğini göstermektedir

Alp$Disiplini$Kayakta$Yaralanmaların$Bireysel$Güvenlik$Tedbirleri$ Açısından$İncelenmesi:$Erciyes$Örneklemi

Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate alpine skiing injuries in terms of individual precaution responsibility in the Kayseri Erciyes Ski Centre. Material and Methods: This study was performed retrospectively; using data collected by ski patrollers and medical staffs of Erciyes Ski Centre between 2012 and 2017. During this period, 690 injury cases in alpine skiing were analyzed in terms of individual precautions. Results: The analysis of demographic data revealed that 397 (57.5%) of the injured skiers were males and 293 (42.5%) were females, with a mean age of 27.1±10.6 years. It was found that 614 (89.0%) of the injured skiers had used the right and protective clothing, boots, poles, and bindings for alpine skiing, while the remaining 76 (11.0%) cases had not. Only 126 (18.3%) of the cases had been wearing helmets and 564 (81.7%) cases had not. According to skiing experience levels, 344 (49.9%) of the injured skiers were beginner level, 293 (42.5%) were intermediate level, and 53 (7.6%) were advanced and expert level. Conclusion: As a result of the research, ski equipment usage of the injured skiers was at an optimum rate, but helmet-usage rate was considerably low. In the context of individual precautions in alpine skiing injuries, the importance of protective helmets in alpine skiing should be explained to the skiers, to increase helmet-usage rates. In addition, our findings indicate that the number of injured cases decreased proportionately with increasing skill and experience level. Therefore, more support should be given about skiing injury and individual precautions for beginner and intermediate level skiers

Kaynakça

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