Solution-Focused Brief Therapy and Spirituality

Solution-focused therapy began to gain widespread attention in our country and around the world in the last quarter of the 20th century suggesting that clients possess the power, resources and problem-solving skills needed to solve their problems. During therapy, the counselor focuses on clients’ strengths in life rather than their problems. Clients’ strengths include their values, beliefs, experiences and spirituality. Since these strengths can be a part of the solution, it is possible to use them during therapy in accordance with the philosophy of solutionfocused therapy. Due to the client’s limited self-disclosure and the focus on solution rather than problem, it is considered that this approach can be used by clients from different cultures.Studies demonstrate that this therapy method can be benefited by Muslim clients, in particular, due to its emphasis on solution and future-focused and hope-oriented nature. In the present study, the emergence and philosophy of solution-focused therapy is briefly described and multiculturalism, spirituality and religion in solution-focused therapy and compatibility of solution-focused therapy with Islamic perspective are addressed with case examples and analyses.

Çözüm Odaklı Kısa Süreli Terapi ve Maneviyat

Çözüm odaklı terapi 20. Yüzyılın son çeyreğinde danışanın getirmiş olduğu problemi çözebilecek gücü, kaynağı ve problem çözme becerilerinin kendisinde olduğunu varsayarak ülkemizde ve dünyada yaygınlaşmaya başlamıştır. Terapi sürecinde odak noktası olarak danışanın problemleri yerine yaşamındaki güçlü noktaları seçer. Danışanın sahip olduğu değerleri, inançları, tecrübeleri ve manevi yönü de danışanın güçlü yanlarını oluşturmaktadır. Bu güçlü yönler çözümün bir parçası olabileceğinden terapi sürecinde çözüm odaklı terapinin felsefesine uygun bir şekilde kullanılabilir. Çözüm odaklı terapide danışanın kendini açmasının sınırlı olması, sorun yerine çözüme odaklanması nedeniyle farklı kültürlerden gelen danışanlar için de uygun olabileceği düşünülmektedir. Müslüman danışanlar için de manevi yönelimli çözüm odaklı terapinin birçok açıdan etkili olduğunu gösteren çeşitli araştırmalar mevcuttur. Bu çalışmada çözüm odaklı terapinin ortaya çıkışı ve felsefesi hakkında kısaca bilgi verilerek çözüm odaklı terapide çok kültürlülük, maneviyat, din ve çözüm odaklı terapinin İslami bakış açısı ile uyumu vaka örnekleri, analizleri ile birlikte ele alınmıştır.

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