Probable Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents with Neurodevelopmental and Non-Neurodevelopmental Psychiatric Disorders in a Large Turkish Clinical Sample

Objective: This study is aimed to compare socio-demographic variables, perinatal characteristics, developmental stages, comorbid medical illnesses between children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders and non-neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders. Methods: In this study, the files of 2981 children and adolescents referred to our, child psychiatry outpatient clinic between January 2015 and September 2016, were examined retrospectively. The data of DSM 5 based psychiatric diagnosis, mean ages, gender, parental work status and education levels, perinatal characteristics, such as a birth week, birth weight, time of speech and walking, frequent comorbid medical conditions such as epilepsy, cardiac disease and asthma, were obtained. Results: The findings showed that children most often had attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and anxiety disorders were the second common health problem. The mean ages and working rates of parents, education level of the mothers were significantly lower in children with a neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder (n=1502) than children with non-neurodevelopmental disorder (n=690) and no psychiatric diagnosis (n=376) (p

Geniş Bir Türk Klinik Örnekleminde Nörogelişimsel ve Nörogelişimsel Olmayan Psikiyatrik Bozukluklu Çocuk ve Ergenlerde Olası Risk Faktörleri

Amaç: Bu çalışmada, nörogelişimsel psikiyatrik bozukluk tanısı alan çocuk ve ergenler ile nörogelişimsel olmayan psikiyatrik bozukluğu olanların sosyodemografik değişkenler, perinatal özellikler, gelişim evreleri ve eşlik eden tıbbi hastalıklar açısından karşılaştırılması amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntem: Çocuk psikiyatri polikliniğine Ocak 2015–Eylül 2016 tarihleri arasında başvuran 2981 çocuk ve ergenin dosyaları geriye dönük olarak incelendi. DSM 5 temelli psikiyatrik tanı verileri, yaş, cinsiyet, ebeveyn çalışma durumu ve eğitim düzeyleri, doğum haftası, doğum ağırlığı, konuşma süresi ve yürüme gelişimi gibi perinatal özellikler, epilepsi, kalp hastalığı ve astım gibi sık görülen eşlik eden tıbbi durumlar incelendi. Bulgular: Çocuklarda en sık dikkat eksikliği hiperaktivite bozukluğu tanısı ve ikinci sıklıkta anksiyete bozuklukları vardı. Nörogelişimsel psikiyatrik bozukluğu (n=1502) olan çocuklarda anne babaların ortalama yaşları, çalışma oranı ve annelerin eğitim düzeyi, nörogelişimsel olmayan psikiyatrik bozukluğu olan (n=690) ve psikiyatrik tanısı olmayan (n=376) çocuklardan anlamlı olarak daha düşüktü (p

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Kaynak Göster

Southern Clinics of Istanbul Eurasia
  • ISSN: 2587-0998
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2017

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