The sciatic nerve is the nerve of the lower limb. It is derived from spinal nerves, fourth Lumbar (L4) to third Sacral (S3). The sciatic nerve innervates the muscles of the posterior thigh and additionally has sensory functions. Sciatica is the given name to the pain sourced by irritation of the sciatic nerve. Sciatica is most commonly induced by compression of a lower lumbar nerve root (L4, L5, or S1). Various intrapelvic pathologies include gynecological, vascular, traumatic, inflammatory, and tumoral disorders that may cause sciatica. Intrapelvic pathologies that mimic disc herniation are quite always ignored. Surgical approach and a functional exploration by laparoscopy or robotic surgery have significantly increased the intrapelvic pathology’s awareness, resulting in sciatica. After a detailed assessment of the patient, which causes intrapelvic pathologies, deciding whether surgical or medical therapy is needed, notable results in sciatic pain remission can be done.
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