TÜRKİYE'DE SİVİL TOPLUM KURULUŞLARI VE SOSYAL SERMAYE

Bu çalışmanın amacı 1990'lı yıllardan itibaren sosyoloji başta olmak üzere iktisat, yönetim bilimleri, hukuk gibi birçok sosyal bilimin üzerinde çokça durmaya başladıkları ve son yıllarda toplumlar arasındaki gelişmişlik farklarını açıklamak için kullanılan sosyal sermaye kavramını toplumsal kalkınma ve kadın odaklı sivil toplum kuruluşları bağlamında incelemektir. Bu çalışmada çalışma alanları Ankara, Çankırı, Trabzon ve Elazığ olarak belirlenmiştir. Veri toplamada derinlemesine görüşme tekniği ve verileri değerlendirmek için ise MAXQDA nitel içerik analizi kullanılmıştır. On yedi kadın idareci ile görüşme yapılmıştır. Bu çalışmada ağların çokluğunun ve çeşitliliğinin, güven ve katılım oranı arasındaki ilişkinin sosyal sermayenin oluşumunu göstermede yetersiz oldukları sonucuna ulaşılmıştır. Ağların çokluğu kuruluşların bunlardan istifade edebildiğini ve bunlar üzerindeki kaynaklara ulaşabildiğini göstermemektedir ve her ağ aynı oranda sosyal sermaye üretmemektedir. Bu çalışma sonucunda kadınların yer aldıkları kuruluşların toplumsal kalkınmaya yönelik amaçlarını gerçekleştirmede ve karşılaştıkları engelleri aşmada sosyal sermayenin çok önemli bir yere sahip olduğu görülmüştür

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS AND SOCIAL CAPITAL IN TURKEY

The aim of this study is to describe the concept of social capital in the context of social development and women NGO's of which is dwelled on enormously from 1990s by lots of social sciences such as sociology, economics, management sciences, law and lately used to explain developmental differences between communities. In this study, the cities of Ankara, Çankırı, Trabzon and Elazığ are determined as the study area. In-depth interview technique was used in the study. To assess the data MAXQDA qualitative content analysis method was used. Seventeen women were interviewed. In this study, it has been concluded that the abundance and diversity of network, the relationship between trust and participation rate is insufficient to reveal the formation of social capital. Multitudeness of networks does not show that organizations can benefit from them and reach resources on those, and each network can not generate social capital at the same rate. As a result of this research, It is seen that social capital has an important role for women NGO's to achieve their goals for social development and overcome obstacles they encounter

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