Congenital Lobar Emphysema (CLE) is a rare congenital pulmonary malformation and it is characterized by hyperinflation of one or more lobes of the lungs. The disease is usually encountered in infants aged less than 6 months and it is very rare in adulthood. Herein, we presented a patient with CLE, who received asthma treatment for dyspnoea complaint in adult age but was switched to anxiolytic medications as no benefit was achieved from asthma treatment. The diagnosis of the patient was made clinically, radiologically and scintigraphycally. Although it is a rarely encountered condition, CLE should be considered among the prediagnosis, in patients with localized unilateral hyperinflation on chest x-ray, presenting with dyspnoea in adult age.
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