Contending Agendas For The Black Sea Region: A Turkish Alternative

Soğuk Savaşın sona ermesi yüzlerce yıl çok sayıda çatışmaya tanıklık etmiş olan Karadeniz havzasında çok taraflı iş birliğine dayalı yeni bir siyasi çerçevenin gelişmesini mümkün kıldı. Avrasya’nın ortasındaki stratejik konumu nedeniyle geniş alanları kontrol edebilen Karadeniz coğrafyası Soğuk Savaş sonrasının değişen jeopolitiğinde önemli bir yer işgal etmeye devam etmektedir. Bölgenin kendine özgü jeopolitiği ve stratejik değeri bölge ülkeleri açısından uluslararası ilişkilerinde çeşitli avantajlar sağlamaktaysa da sıklıkla bölgesel ve uluslararası güvenlik ve istikrar için önemli riskleri de içinde barındırmaktadır. Bu çalışma büyük güçlerin (ABD, RF ve AB) son yıllarda bölgeye yönelik artan ilgileri ve özellikle güvenlik arayışlarının bölgeselleşmesinin her zaman olumlu sonuçlar doğurmayabileceği ve çatışmalara yol açabileceğini ileri sürerek; bir alternatif sunması açısından, Karadeniz vizyonunu bu güçlerden farklı olarak, küresel endişelerden ziyade bölgesel arayışlara dayandıran Türkiye’nin politikalarını değerlendirecektir.

Karadeniz bölgesi için çekişen gündemler: Türkiye'nin alternatif önerisi

The wider Black Sea area has been a site of confrontation for centuries, though changes since the end of the Cold War allowed emergence of a cooperative environment. Due to its strategic location in the middle of Eurasia, controlling the region represents a unique geopolitical interest. This uniqueness at times turns into threats for regional and international peace and stability. This paper argues that the increased big power (i.e., US, EU and RF) attention might not always bring prosperity, but conflict; and offers an alternative vision by Turkey, based on more of a regional outlook than global calculations.

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