A 4-year-old girl was admitted with the complaint of pain in lower abdomen and dysuria. She had exstrophy repair at 6th month of life. Radiographic investigations revealed a large bladder calculus. An innovative treatment in the form of laser lithotripsy was carried out to prevent damaging an already highly compromised urinary bladder with an open surgery.
 Hammad FT, Kaya M, Kazım E. Bladder calculi: did the clinical picture change? Urology. 2006; 67(6):1154–8.
 Ozturk H, Dagistan E, Uyeturk U. A child with a large bladder stone: A case report. Ped Urol Case Rep. 2014;1(4):22-8
 Mahajan JK, Rao KL. Exstrophy epispadias complex- Issues beyond the initial repair. Indian J Urol. 2012;28:382-7.
 Patil PS, Gupta R, Kothari P, et al. Urethral Calculus in an Operated Case of Exstrophy Bladder Repair: A Case Report. Sch J Med Case Rep. 2016; 4(4):220-2.
 Bhatnagar V, Dave S, Agarwala S, Mitra DK. Augmentation colocystoplasty in bladder exstrophy. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002;18(1):43–9.
 Silver RI(1), Gros DA, Jeffs RD, Gearhart JP. Urolithiasis in the exstrophy-epispadias complex. J Urol. 1997;158(3 Pt 2):1322-6.
 Rub R, Madeb R, Morgenstern S, Ben- Chaim J, Avidor Y. Development of a large bladder calculus on sutures used for pubic bone closure following extrophy repair. World J Urol. 2001;19(4):261–2.