Investigation of the Use of Zeolite (Clinoptilolite) As Aquarium Filtration Material for Electric Blue Hap (Sciaenochromis ahli)

In this study, the effects of using zeolite, both inside and outside the filter, on water quality and the growth of electric blue hap (Sciaenochromis ahli) were investigated. The 3-month study consisted of 7 groups in triplicate. One of the groups was designated as the control, and zeolite was not used in this group. For the remaining 6 groups, zeolite was placed in tulle bags and used both inside and outside the filter in 3 various ratios (0.35, 0.70, 1.05 g l-1). The statistical differences between groups for certain water quality parameters pH, NH3) were significant (P<0.05), while the statistical differences between groups for other parameters (water temperature, dissolved oxygen) were found to be insignificant (P>0.05). Furthermore, the growth parameters, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate of the electric blue hap were determined. At the end of the study, the differences between weight gain, specific growth rate and feed conversion ratio were determined as statistically insignificant (P>0.05). At the end of the study, when the data were evaluated, no negative effects on the growth parameters and water parameters of the ahli cichlid fish were determined. Therefore, it is advisable to place zeolite in mesh bags at the bottom of the aquarium and in the aquarium filter to prevent ammonia from reaching high concentrations. Thus, when the findings on pH and NH3 of the present study were evaluated, it can be suggested that low ratios as 0.35 g l-1 of zeolite may be used in tulle bags on floor or inside the filter to prevent ammonia rising to high concentrations.


Abdel-Rahim, M. M. (2017). Sustainable use of natural zeolites in aquaculture: A short review. Oceanography & Fisheries Open Access Journal, 2(4), 555593.

Booker, N. A., Cooney, E. L., & Priestley, A. J. (1996). Ammonia removal from sewage using natural Australian zeolite. Water Sciences Technology, 34(9), 17-24.

Danabaş, D., & Altun, T. (2011). Effects of zeolite (clinoptilolite) on some water and growth parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792). Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures, 6(3), 1111-1116.

Emadi, H., Nezhad, J. E., & Pourbagher, H. (2001). In vitro comparison of zeolite (clinoptilolite) and activated carbon as ammonia absorbents in fish culture. Naga, The Iclarm Quarterly, 24(182), 18-20.

Emerson, K., Russo, R. C., Lund, R. E., & Thurston, R. V. (1975). Aqueous ammonia equilibrium calculations: Effect of pH and temperature. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 32(12), 2379-2383.

EPA. (1999). Ambient water quality criteria for ammonia. United States Environmental Protection Agency, EPA-822-R: 99-104.

Erdogan, F., Erdogan, M., & Gümüş, E. (2012). Effects of dietary protein and lipid levels on growth performances of two African cichlids (Pseudotropheus socolofi and Haplochromis ahli). Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 12(3), 635-640.

Floyd, R. F., & Watson, C. (2005). Ammonia. IFAS FA-16,

Ghasemi, Z., Sourinejad, I., Kazemian, H., & Rohani, S. (2018). Application of zeolites in aquaculture industry: a review. Reviews in Aquaculture, 10, 75-95.

Güllü, K., Güroy, D., Çelik, İ., & Tekinay, A. A. (2008). Optimal dietary protein levels in juvenile electric blue cichlid (Sciaenochromis fryeri). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture – Bamidgeh, 60(4), 261-267.

Hekimoğlu, M. A. (2009). Akvaryum Teknolojisi. Ege Üniv. Yayınları, Su Ürünleri Fakültesi Yayın No: 78 (in Turkish).

Jorgersen, T. C. (2002). Removal of ammonia from wastewater by ion exchange in the presence of organic compounds. [Master Thesis, University of Canterbury Christchurch].

Jorgersen, T. C., & Weatherley, L. R. (2003). Ammonia removal from wastewater by ion exchange in the presence of organic contaminants. Water Research, 37(8), 1723-1728.

Hargreaves, J.A., & Tucker, S.C. (2004). Managing ammonia in fish ponds. SRAC Publication, No: 4603.

Karslı, Z., Aral, O., & Yeşilayer, N. (2014). The effects of different proportions of the 17β-estradiol and 17α-methyltestosterone on growth, sex reversal and skin colouration of the electric blue hap (Sciaenochromis ahli Trewavas, 1935). Aquaculture Research, 47(2), 1-9.

Mazeikiene, A., Valentukeviciene, M., Rimeika, M., Matuzevicius, A. B., & Dauknys, R. (2008). Removal of nitrates and ammonium ions from water using natural sorbent: Zaeolites (clinoptilolite). Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 16(1), 38-44.

Nguyen, M. L., & Tanner, C. C. (1998). Ammonium removal from wastewaters using natural New Zealand zeolites. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 41(3), 427-446.

Öz, M., Şahin, D., Öz, Ü., Karsli, Z., & Aral, O. (2017). Investigation of ammonium saturation and desorption conditions of clinoptilolite type zeolite in aquarium conditions. Turkish Journal of Agriculture - Food Science and Technology, 5(12), 1590-1594.

Skleničková, K., Koloušek, D., Pečenka, M., Vejmelková, D., Šlouf, M., & Růžičková, I. (2020). Application of zeolite filters in fish breeding recirculation systems and their effect on nitrifying bacteria. Aquaculture, 516, 734605.

Surmeli (Sava), S. C., Marin, M. P., Bahaciu, G. V., Dragomir, N., Sava, B. A., & Nicolae, C. G. (2019). Use of clinoptilolite natural zeolite in aquaculture - A review. Scientific Papers. Series D. Animal Science, LXII(1), 481-488.

Swann, L. A. (1992). Basic overview of aquaculture. Iowa State University.

Şahin, D., Öz, M., Sertaşı, E., Öz, Ü., Karslı, Z., & Aral, O. (2018a). Evaluation of natural minerals (zeolite and bentonite) for nitrogen compounds adsorption in different water temperatures suitable for aquaculture. International Letters of Natural Sciences, 71, 34-42.

Şahin, D., Sertaşı, E., Öz, M., Öz, Ü., Karslı, Z., & Aral, O. (2018b). Ammonium removal in aquatic conditions using different levels of calcium bentonite. Gaziosmanpasa Journal of Scientific Research, 7(3), 61-69.

Şahin, D., Öz, M., Sertaşı, E., Öz, Ü., Karslı, Z., & Aral, O. (2019). Adsorption process of ammonium by natural zeolite (clinoptilolite) from aqueous solution for aquaculture application. Journal of Limnology and Freshwater Fisheries Research, 5(2), 136-141.

Uğurlu, A., & Pınar, A. (2004). Doğal zeolitlerin atıksu arıtımında kullanımı. Jeolioji Mühendisliği Dergisi, 28(2), 13-20. (In Turkish)

Yıldırım, Ö., & Korkut, A. Y. (2004). Su ürünleri yemlerinin çevreye etkisi. E.Ü. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 21(1-2), 167-172. (In Turkish)

Yörükoğulları, E. (2005). Doğal zeolitlerin karayollarında buz-kar çözücü olarak kullanımı. Madencilik Bülteni, 75, 40-42 (In Turkish).

YSI. (2007). YSI professional plus user manual. YSI Incorporation.

Zabochnicha-Swıatek, M., & Malinska, K. (2010). Removal of ammonia by clinoptilolite. Global Nest Journal, 12(3), 256-261.

Zain, R. A. M. M., Shaari, N. F. I., Amin, M. F. M. & Jani, M. (2018). Effects of different dose of zeolite (clinoptilolite) in improving water quality and growth performance of red hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis sp.). ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(24), 9421-9426.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 2147-9666
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2012
  • Yayıncı: Adem Yavuz Sönmez

765 144

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Effects of Two Different Macroalgae (Ulva lactuca and Jania rubens) Species on Growth and Survival of Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) as Feed Additive


Adverse Effects of Ruditapes decussatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Diet on Stomach Tissues in Rats

Latife Ceyda İRKİN, Şamil ÖZTÜRK

A Binary Logistic Regression Model for Prediction of Feed Conversion Ratio of Clarias gariepinus From Feed Composition Data


Extraction and Characterization of Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) From Bacillus flexus MHO57386.1 Isolated From Marine Sponge Oceanopia arenosa (Rao, 1941)

Aryaraj D, Pramitha V V S

Purification of Glutathione Reductase From Some Tissues of Capoeta umbla and the Inhibitory Effects of Some Metal Ions on Enzyme Activity

Muammer KIRICI, Mahinur KIRICI, Muhammed ATAMANALP, Şükrü BEYDEMİR

Determination of Some Biological Characteristics and Population Parameters of the Blotched Picarel (Spicara flexuosa Rafinesque, 1810) Distributed in the Eastern Black Sea (Rize - Hopa)


Emission Analysis of LNG Fuelled Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell System for a Chemical Tanker Ship: A Case Study

Ömer Berkehan İNAL, Cengiz DENİZ

Influence of Heat Shock Protein (HSP-70) Enhancing Compound From Red Alga (Porphyridium cruentum) for Augmenting Egg Production in Copepod Culture – A New In Silico Report


Age, Growth and Reproduction of Neogobius melanostomus (Pallas 1814) (Perciformes: Gobiidae) in the Southern Black Sea

Mehmet AYDIN

Investigations on Endohelmint Fauna of Teleost Fishes of Aras and Murat Rivers in Turkey

Burçak ASLAN ÇELİK, Mehmet Cemal OĞUZ