The concentration distribution of components and particles in the system: tomato-water-sodium nitrate and assessment of the oxidation-reduction potential at different temperatures

The paper considers a triple complex system of tomato, water and sodium nitrate. Taking into account the average macronutrient composition and moisture content of field and greenhouse tomatoes, physicochemical modeling of the system was carried out tomato-water-sodium nitrate. The hydrogen index of tomato was determined at various temperatures and it was noted that tomato medium was acidic. It is shown that with an increase in the content of sodium nitrate in the system: tomato - water - sodium nitrate within the temperature range from 278 to 293 K, the hydrogen index of tomato increases, i.e. the process of neutralizing the acidic medium based on sodium hydroxide proceeds. The calculated hydrogen value of tomato corresponds to the experimental values of pH = 3.3-4.38. The obtained results made it possible to determine the distribution of individual simple and complex cations and anions in water-salt solution, as well as to establish the values of redox potential, and thereby revealed the antioxidant nature of tomato.


[1] Adeniyi H., Ademoyegun O. “Effects of different rates and sources of fertilizer on yield and antioxidant components of Tomato”. African Journal, 7(2), (2012), 135-138.

[2] Oguntibeju O.O., Truter E.J., Esterhuyse A.J. “The Role of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Human Health and Disease Prevention”. Diabetes Mellithus – Insight and Perspectives, (2013), 117 – 130.

[3] Slunkhe D.K., Jadhav S.J., Yu M.H. “Quality and nutritional composition of tomato fruit as influenced by certain biochemical and physiological changes”. Qual.Plant. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 24, (1974), 85.

[4] Alvarez M. A. B., Gagne S., Antoun H. “Effect of compost on rhizosphere microflora of the tomato and on the incidence of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria”. App.Environ. Microbial, 61, (1995). 194-199.

[5] Aoun A.B., Lechiheb B., Benyahya L., Ferchich A. “Evaluation of fruit quality traits of traditional varieties of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) grown in Tunisia”. African Journal of Food Science, 7, (2013), 350-354.

[6] Wang Z.H., Zong Z.Q., Li S.X., Chen B.M. “Nitrate accumulation in vegetables and its residual in vegetable fields”. Environ. Sci., 23, (2002), 79–83.

[7] Phipps R.H., Cornforth I.S. “Factors affecting the toxicity of nitrite nitrogen to tomatoes”. Plant and Soil, 33, (1970), 457.

[8] Ranjan D., Rabha B.K., Ahmed F. “Effect of some plant growth regulators and micronutrients mixture on physio morphic character of tomato”. Ann.Agric.Res.New Series, 26 (4), (2005), 476-480.

[9] Sanyal D., Kar P.L., Longkukar M. “Effect of growth regulators on the physico-chemical composition of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)”. Adv. Hort. & Forestry, 4, (1995), 67-71.

[10] Krumbien A., Auerswald H. “Characterization of aroma volatiles in tomatoes by sensory analyses”. Nahrung, 42(6), (1998), 395-399.

[11] Gajbhiye N. D. “Toxic Effect of Sodium Nitrate on Germinating Seeds of Vigna radiate”. International Journal of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 7(10), (2013), 1006.

[12] Bokade N. “Effect of growth regulators on growth and yield of summer tomato”. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ., 31(1), (2006), 64-65.

[13] Desai S.S., Chovatia R.S., Singh V. “Effect of different plant growth regulators and micronutrients on fruit quality and plant micronutrient content of tomato”. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 10 (1), (2014), 130-133.

[14] Bosco F., Capolongo A., Ruggeri B. “Effect of temperature, pH, ionic strength, and sodium nitrate on activity of LiPs: Implications for bioremediation”. Bioremediation Journal, 6 (1), (2010), 65-76.

[15] Hojhabrian M. “Effect of different soil pHs on the growth and proceeds of Tomatoes”. Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, 3 (2), (2014), 145-147.

[16] Fan X.H., Li Y.C. “Nitrogen release from slow-release fertilizers as affected by soil type and temperature”. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J, 74, (2010), 1635–1641.

[17] Yanar D., Geboloğlu N., Yanar Y., Aydin M., Çakmak P. “Effect of different organic fertilizers on yield and fruit quality of ındeterminate tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)”. Scientific Research and Essays, 6, (2011), 3623-3628.

[18] Liu C.W., Sung Y., Chen B.C., Lai H.Y. “Effects of Nitrogen Fertilizers on the Growth and Nitrate Content of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.)”. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 11, (2014), 4427-4440.

[19] Ejaz M., Waqas R., Butt M., Rehman S., Manan A. “Role of macronutrients and micronutrients in enhancing the quality of tomato”. IJAVMS, 5 (4), (2011), 401-404.

[20] Xu Y., Barringer S. “Comparison of tomatillo and tomato volatile compounds in the headspace by selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry”. Journal of Food Science, 75(3), (2010), 268-273.

[21] Patana-anake P., Barringer S. “The Effect of Temperature, pH, and Food additives on Tomato Product Volatile Levels”. International Food Research Journal, 22(2), (2015), 561-571.

[22] Mukta S., Rahman M.M., Mortuza M.G. “Yield and nutrient content of tomato as influenced by the application of vermicompost and chemical fertilizers”. J. Environ. Sci. & Natural Resources, 8 (2), (2015), 115-122.

[23] Dabire C., Sereme A., Parkouda C., Somda M.K., “Traore A. S. Influence of organic and mineral fertilizers on chemical and biochemical compounds content in tomato (solanum lycopersicum) var. mongal F1”. Journal of Experimental Biology and Agricultural Sciences, 4 (6), (2016), 631-636.

[24] Kazeniac S.J., Hall R.M. “Flavor chemistry of tomato volatiles”. Journal of Food Science, 35(5), (1970), 519- 530.

[25] Çolpan E., Zengin M., Özbahçe A. “The effects of potassium on the yield and fruit quality components of stick tomato”. Horticulture, Environment and Biotechnology, 54, (2013), 20-28.

[26] Makinde A.I., Jokanola O.O., Adedeji J.A., Awogbade A.L., Adekunle A.F. “Impact of Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers on the Yield, Lycopene and Some Minerals in tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) Fruit”. European Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Research, 4, (2016), 18-26.

[27] Abduli M.A., Amiri L., Madadian E., Gitipour S., Sedighian S. “Efficiency of vermicompost on quantitative and qualitative growth of tomato plants”. International Journal of Environmental Research, 7(2), (2013), 467-472.

[28] Naresh B. “Response of foliar application of boron on vegetative growth, fruit yield quality of tomato var. Pusa-Ruby”. Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 15(1), (2002), 109-112.

[29] Yadav P.V.S., Abha T., Sharma N.K. “Effect of zinc and boron on growth, flowering and fruiting of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum, Mill)”. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Science, 30(1/2), (2001), 105-107.

[30] Davies G.M., Hobes G. “The constituent of tomato fruit the influence of environment nutrition and genotypes”. Critical Review Food Sci. & Nutr., 15, (1981), 205- 280.

[31] Huang J.S., Snapp S.S. “The effect of boron, calcium, and surface moisture on shoulder check, a quality defect in freshmarket tomato”. J. American Soc. Hort. Sci., 129(4), (2004), 599 – 607.

[32] Santamaria P. “Nitrate in vegetables: Toxicity, content, intake and EC regulation”. J. Sci. Food Agr., 86, (2006), 10–17.

[33] Petersen A., Stoltze S. “Nitrate and nitrite in vegetables on the Danish meaket: content and intake”. Food Addit. Contam., 16, (1999), 291–299.

[34] Karpov I.K., Chudnenko K.V., Kulik D.A., Bychinskyi V.A. “The convex programming minimization of five thermodynamic potential other than Gibbs energy in geo-chemical modeling”. American J. Science., 302, (2002), 281-311.

[35] Helgeson H.C., Delany J.M., Nesbitt H.W., Bird D.K. “Summary and critique of the thermodynamic properties of rock-forming minerals”. American J. Science., (1978), 278-A: 1-229.

[36] Maimekov Z.K., Abdykadyrova R.E., Sambaeva D.A., Isaev A.D., Izakov J.B., Maymekov T.Z. “Physicochemical modeling of a heterogeneous complex system: soil-water-sodium nitrate and ecological assessment of the concentration distribution of components and particles in a slurry solution”. Science, New technologies and Innovations of Kyrgyzstan-Bishkek, 1, (2018), 18-23.

[37] Karpov I.K., Chudnenko K.V., Kulik D.A. “Modeling chemical mass transfer in geochemical processes: Thermodynamic relations, conditions of equilibria, and numerical algorithms”. American J. Science., 297, (1997), 767-806.

[38] Bekseev Sh. G. “Early vegetable growing. Breeding, cultivation, seed growing”, 1st edition. Nauka, St. Peterburg. (2006), 131-140.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1694-7398
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 2 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2001

321 69

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Real time traffic signal timing approach based on artificial neural network

Ali Tahir KARAŞAHİN, Abdullah Erdal TÜMER

Analysis of Turkish 6/49 lottery results


The concentration distribution of components and particles in the system: tomato-water-sodium nitrate and assessment of the oxidation-reduction potential at different temperatures


Fault analysis and prediction of power distribution networks on 11kV Feeders: A case study of Eleweeran and Poly Road 11kV Feeders, Abeokuta


Detection of some antioxidant enzyme activities in apricot fruit grown in Van region from Turkey

Mustafa BİLİCİ

Ferrocene as a leaving group; Unexpected rearrangement reactions for the synthesis of 2,3-diarylnapthoquinones

Nevroz Aslan ERTAS, Arif KIVRAK

A new approach on the stability of fractional singular systems with time-varying delay


Modelling occupational health and safety risks among unskilled workers in construction industry

Hezekiah Oluwole ADEYEMI, Olatilewa Rapheal ABOLADE, Ajibola Oluwafemi OYEDEJI, Olanrewaju Bilikis OLATUNDE

Stability of the third order rational difference equation

Mehmet Emre ERDOGAN

Carbon nanotube supported direct borohydride fuel cell anode catalysts: the effect of catalyst loading

Hilal Demir KIVRAK, Aykut ÇAĞLAR, Tulin Avcı HANSU, Ömer ŞAHİN