Gebelikte Elektrokonvülsif Tedavi

Gebelik kadınlarda önemli biyolojik, psikolojik ve sosyolojik değişikliklere yol açar. Gebelik haftası, anne ve fetüste gelişebilecek yan etkiler, gebelerin psikolojik bozukluklarının yönetiminde de dikkate alınması gereken önemli faktörlerdir. Bu nedenle gebelikteki psikiyatrik yaklaşımda bazı farklılıklar vardır. Bu yazıda gebelikte elektrokonvüsif tedavi kullanımını özellikle anne ve fetüse etkileri açısından, tıbbi literatürü gözden geçirerek incelemeyi amaçladık

Electroconvulsive Therapy During Pregnancy

Pregnancy results in major biological, psychological and sociological changes of the pregnant women. Gestational week, and probable maternal and fetal adverse effects are important factors that should be considered carefully during the management of psychological disturbances of a pregnant woman. Therefore, there are some differences in the psychiatric approach during pregnancy. In this paper, we aim to analyse the use of electroconvulsive therapy during pregnancy, particularly with its effects on the mother and the fetus, by reviewing the existing medical literature

Kaynakça

1. Ruthen P. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)-The imposition of “truth”? Script-ed. 2006; 3:4. DOI: 10.2966/scrip.030406.412 Avaible from Lasy access: 11 September, 2011.

2. Nelson AI. A national survey of electroconvulsive therapy use in the Russian Federation. J ECT. 2005; 21(3):151–7.

3. Benbow SM, Crentsil J. Subjective experience of electroconvulsive therapy. The Psychiatrist. 2004; 28(8):289– 91. doi: 10.1192/pb.28.8.289

4. McCall WV, Dunn A, Rosenquist PB. Quality of life and function after electroconvulsive therapy. Br J Psychiatry. 2004; 185(5):405–9.

5. Üçok A, Kundakçı T. Elektrokonvülsif Tedavinin Akut Mani Tedavisindeki Etkinliği. Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bülteni. 1998; 8(1):29–30.

6. Cimilli C. EKT’nin Alışılmışın Dışında Kullanım Alanları. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi. 1994; 5 (4): 279–82.

7. Rezaki M. Elektrokonvülsif Tedavinin Etki Mekanizması Üzerine Bulgu ve Görüşler. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi. 1991; 2(2):109–12.

8. Simpson KH, Lynch L. Anaesthesia and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Anaesthesia. 1998; 53(7):615–7.

9. Sakamoto A, Hoshino T, Suzuki N, et al. Effects of propofol anesthesia on cognitive recovery of patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 1999; 53(6):655–60.

10. Stek ML, Beekman AT, Verwey B. Electroconvulsive therapy in late life depression: a review. Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr. 1997;28(3):106–12.

11. Munday J, Deans C, Little J. Effectiveness of a training program for ECT nurses. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2003; 41(11):20–6.

12. Khan A, Mirolo MH, Hughes D, Bierut L. Electroconvulsive therapy. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 1993; 16(3): 497–513.

13. Reisner AD. The electroconvulsive therapy controversy: evidence and ethics. Neuropsychol Rev. 2003; 13(4):199–219.

14. National Institute For Clinical Excellence. Guidance On The Use of Electroconvulsive Therapy. London; 2003. http:// www.nice.org.uk/nicemedia/pdf/59ectfullguidance.pdf Last access 11 September 2011.

15. Erkoç A. Elektrokonvülsif tedavi. Popüler Psikiyatri. 2005; 28(20):2.

16. D. Lutchman TS. Mental health professionals’ attitudes towards and knowledge of electroconvulsive therapy. J Ment Health 2001; 10(2):141–150.

17. Frey R, Schreinzer D, Heiden A, Kasper S. Use of electroconvulsive therapy in psychiatry [Almanca]. Der Nervenarzt. 2001; 72(9):661–76.

18. Ding Z, White PF. Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy. Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2002;94(5):1351–64.

19. Fink M, Taylor MA. Electroconvulsive therapy. JAMA 2007; 298(3):330–2.

20. Nordanskog P, Dahlstrand U, Larsson MR, Larsson E-M, Knutsson L, Johanson A. Increase in hippocampal volume after electroconvulsive therapy in patients with depression: a volumetric magnetic resonance imaging study. J ECT. 2010; 26(1):62–7.

21. Lisanby SH, Morales O, Payne N, Kwon E, Fitzsimons L, Luber B, et al. New developments in electroconvulsive therapy and magnetic seizure therapy. CNS spectrums. 2003; 8(7):529–36.

22. Rabheru K. The use of electroconvulsive therapy in special patient populations. Can J Psychiatry 2001; 46(8):710–9.

23. Brown NI, Mack PF, Mitera DM, et al. Use of the ProsealTM laryngeal mask airway in a pregnant patient with difficult airway during electroconvulsive therapy. Br J Anaesth. 2003; 91: 752–4.

24. Salzman C, Wong E, Wright BC. Drug and ECT treatment of depression in the elderly, 1996-2001: a literature review. Biol Psychiatry 2002; 52(3):265–84.

25. Başgül E, Çeliker V. Elektrokonvülsif Tedavide Anestezi Yaklaşımı. Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi 2004; 15(3):225–35.

26. Hick EM, Black JL. AANA Journal course: update for nurse anesthetists–anesthetic management during electroconvulsive therapy: effects on seizure duration and antidepressant efficacy. AANA J 1999; 67(1):87–92.

27. Smith DL, Angst MS, Brock-Utne JG, DeBattista C. Seizure duration with remifentanil/methohexital vs. methohexital alone in middle-aged patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2003; 47(9):1064–6.

28. Möllenberg O. Electroconvulsive therapy--anesthesiological procedures. Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 1997; 32(10):593–603.

29. Malsch E, Ho L, Booth MJ, Allen E. Survey of anesthetic coverage of electroconvulsive therapy in the state of Pennsylvania, 1988. Convuls Ther. 1991; 7(4): 262–74.

30. World Psychiatric Association-Consensus Statement of the Use and Safety of ECT, 2003.

31. Ishikawa T, Kawahara S, Saito T, Otsuka H, Kemmotsu O, Hirayama E, et al. Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy during pregnancy: A case report. Masui. 2001; 50(9):991–7.

32. Anderson EL, Reti IM. ECT in pregnancy: a review of the literature from 1941 to 2007. Psychosom Med. 2009;71(2):235–42.

33. Kıvrak Y, Özen Ş, Yücel Y. Migren ve gerilim başağrısı olan hastalarda anksiyete ve umutsuzluk düzeyleri Anxiety and hopelessness levels in patients with migraine and tension headache. Dicle Med J 2009; 36(3): 173–7.

34. Ceylan A, Özen Ş, Palancı Y. Lise son sınıf öğrencilerinde anksiyete-depresyon düzeyleri ve zararlı alışkanlıklar: Mardin çalışması. Anadolu Psikiyatri Dergisi. 2003; 4: 144– 150.

35. Wisner KL, Gelenberg AJ, Leonard H, et al. Pharmacologic treatment of depression during pregnancy. JAMA. 1999; 282(13):1264–9.

36. O’Hara MW, Neunaber DJ, Zekoski EM. Prospective study of postpartum depression: Prevalence, course, and predictive factors. J Abnorm Psychol. 1984; 93(2):158–71.

37. Kurki T, Hiilesmaa V, Raitasalo R, et al. Depression and anxiety in early pregnancy and risk for preeclampsia. Obstet Gynecol. 2000; 95(4):487–90.

38. Nonacs R, Cohen LS. Assessment and treatment of depression during pregnancy: an update. Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2003; 26(3):547–62.

39. Brockington IF, Kumar R. Drug addiction and psychotropic drug treatment during pregnancy and lactation. Motherhood and Mental Illness. London: Academia Press. 1982; 249.

40. Balki M, Castro C, Ananthanarayan C. Status epilepticus after electroconvulsive therapy in a pregnant patient. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2006; 15(4):325–8.

41. Moreno ME, Munoz JM, Valderrabanos JS, Gutierrez TV. Electroconvulsive therapy in the first trimester of pregnancy. J ECT. 1998; 14(4):251–4.

42. Pinette MG, Santarpio C, Wax JR, Blackstone J. Electroconvulsive therapy in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2007; 110(2 Pt 2):465–6.

43. Rondepierre J, Colomb D, Bruere R. Electro-choc et grossesse. Ann Med Psychol. 1943; 101:458–62.

44. Pesiridou A, Baquero G, Cristancho P, et al. A case of delayed onset of threatened premature labor in association with electroconvulsive therapy in the third trimester of pregnancy. J ECT. 2010; 26(3):228–30.

45. Serim B, Ulaş H, Özerdem A, Alkın T. Electroconvulsive therapy in an adolescent pregnant patient. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2010; 34(3):546–7.

46. Weiner RD. The practice of electroconvulsive therapy: Recommendations for treatment, training, and privileging: A task force report of the American Psychiatric Association. Amer Psychiatric Pub Inc; 2001.

47. Pagnin D, de Queiroz V, Pini S, Cassano GB. Efficacy of ECT in depression: a meta-analytic review. J ECT. 2004; 20(1):13-20.

48. Persad E. Electroconvulsive therapy in depression. Can J Psychiatry. 1990; 35(2): 175–82.

49. Tharyan P, Adams CE. Electroconvulsive therapy for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005; (2) DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000076.pub2

50. Carney S, Cowen P, Geddes J, Goodwin G, Rogers R, Dearness K, et al., others. Efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in depressive disorders: a systematic review and metaanalysis. The Lancet. 2003; 361: 799–808.

51. Forssman H. Follow-up study of sixteen children whose mothers were given electric convulsive therapy during gestation. Acta Psychiatr Neurol Scand. 1955; 30(3):437–41.

52. Smith S. The use of electroplexy (ECT) in psychiatric syndromes complicating pregnancy. J Ment Sci. 1956;102(429):796–800.

53. Impastato DJ, Gabriel AR, Lardaro HH. Elecric and insulin shock therapy during pregnancy. Dis Nerv Syst. 1964; 25:542–6.

54. Minick G, Atlas M, Paladine H. What’s the best strategy for bipolar disorder during pregnancy? J Fam Pract. 2007; 56(8):665–8.

55. Freeman RK, Garite TJ, Nageotte MP. Fetal heart rate monitoring. Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003.

56. Griffiths EJ, Lorenz RP, Baxter S, Talon NS. Acute neurohumoral response to electroconvulsive therapy during pregnancy: A case report. J Reprod Med. 1989; 34(11):907–11.

57. Walker R, Swartz CM. Electroconvulsive therapy during highrisk pregnancy. Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 1994;16(5):348–53.

58. Abrams R. Electroconvulsive therapy. New York: Oxford University Press, USA; 2002.

59. Jauniaux E, Gulbis B, Shannon C, et al. Placental propofol transfer and fetal sedation during maternal general anaesthesia in early pregnancy. Lancet. 1998; 352(9124):290–1.

60. Herman NL, Li AT, Van Decar TK, et al. Transfer of methohexital across the perfused human placenta. J Clin Anesthes. 2000; 12(1):25–30.

61. Iwasaki K, Sakamoto A, Hoshino T, Ogawa R. Electroconvulsive therapy with thiamylal or propofol during pregnancy. Can J Anesth. 2002; 49(3):324–5.

62. Chang SS, Renshaw DC. Psychosis and pregnancy. CompTher. 1986; 12(10):36–41.

63. Moya F, Kvisselgaard N. The placental transmission of succinylcholine. Anesthesiology. 1961;22(1):1–6.

64. Pacifici GM, Nottoli R. Placental transfer of drugs administered to the mother. Clin Pharmacokinet. 1995; 28(3):235–69.

65. Lam CM, Chow KM. Electric shock during pregnancy. Can Fam Physician. 2003;49(6):737.

66. Goldman RD, Einarson A, Koren G. Electric shock during pregnancy. Can Fam Physician. 2003; 49(3):297–8.

67. Yang H-S, Seo H-J, Lee YK. Anesthetic care for electroconvulsive therapy during pregnancy -A case report-. Korean J Anesthesiol. 2011; 60(3):217–20.

68. Nuttall GA, Bowersox MR, Douglass SB, et al. Morbidity and mortality in the use of electroconvulsive therapy. J ECT. 2004; 20(4):237–41.

69. Kho KH, Zwinderman AH, Blansjaar BA. Predictors for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy: chart review of a naturalistic study. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005; 66(7):894–9.

70. Petrides G, Fink M, Husain MM, Knapp RG, Rush AJ, Mueller M, et al., others. ECT remission rates in psychotic versus nonpsychotic depressed patients: a report from CORE. J ECT. 2001;17(4):244–53.

71. Weiner RD, Coffey CE, Fochtmann L, Greenberg R, Isenberg KE, Moench L, others. American Psychiatric Association. The practice of ECT: recommendations for treatment, training and privileging. A Task force report of the American Psychiatric Association. 2001.

72. Porot M. Traitements psychiatriques de choc et grossesse. Presse Med. 1949; 76:1118–20.

73. Livingston JC, Johnstone Jr WM, Hadi HA. Electroconvulsive therapy in a twin pregnancy: a case report. Am J Perinatol. 1994; 11(2):116–8.

74. Alpay N, Karşıdağ Ç. Gebelikte Elektrokonvulsiv Terapi: Bir Gözden Geçirme. Düşünen Adam: Psikiyatri ve Nörolojik Bilimler Dergisi 2006; 19(4): 204–11.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 2146-2631
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 3 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2011

3.4b 2b