The Effect of Casino Tourism and Reentry to the Casino Gaming Industry - The Case of Turkey

The economic return of the tourism industry is increasing day by day. Destinations that want to increase their share of this increasing economic return want to attract potential tourists by diversifying the tourism services that they offer. In this context, destinations develop and implement special-interest tourism policies such as dark tourism, gastronomy tourism, ecological tourism, balloon tourism, or casinotourism.Considering the economic benefits of casino tourism, interest in the subject has increased.The main objectiveof thestudy is to examine positive and negative effects of the closure of casinos on tourism in Turkey, reveal Turkey’s potential within the currentcasino tourismin the world, identify problems that may arise with casino tourism being allowed, and propose solutions.For this purpose, data were obtained through interviews with 10hotel managers, who experienced about hotel casinos.The results showed thatthe closure of casinos in Turkey had negative effectson tourism industryand Turkey has significant casino tourism potential.As a result of interview,it can be suggested that artificially developed a touristiccasino city in whichentry and exits are made by foreign passport and can be followed with the latest systemscan be created. There is paucityresearchon the reentryof casino tourismin Turkey. The results of study aim to provide insight to strategy and policymakers and relevan tinstitutions.

Casino Turizminin Etkilerive Casino Oyun EndüstrisineYeniden Giriş -Türkiye Örneği

Turizm endüstrisinin ekonomik getirisi her geçen gün artmaktadır. Artan bu ekonomik getiriden pay almak veyamevcutpayını arttırmak isteyen destinasyonlarziyaretçilere sundukları turizm hizmetlerini çeşitlendirerek potansiyel ziyaretçileridestinasyona çekmek istemektedir. Bu kapsamda destinasyonlar hüzün turizmi, gastronomi turizmi, ekolojik turizm, balon turizmi, casino (kumar) turizmi gibi özel ilgi turizm strateji ve politikaları geliştirip uygulamaktadır. Casinoturizminin dünyadaki ekonomik getirisi düşünülünce konuya olan ilgi de artmıştır. Bu çalışmanın temel amacı, Türkiye’de casinoların kapatılmasının turizm üzerindeki olumlu ve olumsuz etkilerini incelemek, Türkiye’nin dünyadaki mevcut casino turizmi içindeki potansiyelini ortaya çıkarmak, casino turizmine izin verilmesi ile ortaya çıkabilecek sorunları tespit etmek ve çözümler önermektir.Bu amaçla 10 otelinişletmecisi ile yapılan görüşmeler ile veriler elde edilmiştir. Çalışmanın senaryosuna göre Türkçe görüşmeler yapılmıştır. Türkiye’de faaliyet gösteren5 yıldızlı büyük ölçekli otel tesislerindentoplamdaha önceden casino ile ilgili tecrübesi olan10otel yöneticisi ilegörüşmeler yapılmıştır. Sonuçlara göre Türkiye’de casinoların kapatılması turizm sektörüne olumsuz etkiye sahipken, ülkemizin şuan büyük bir casino turizmi potansiyeli bulunmaktadır. Görüşme yapılan katılımcıların, Türkiye’de casino turizmi açısından turistik casinoların yeniden açılması konusunda fikir birliğine sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir. Görüşmeler dikkate alınarak, giriş ve çıkışların yabancı pasaportla yapıldığı ve en yeni sistemlerle takip edilebileceği yapay olarak geliştirilmiş bir turistik casino kenti oluşturulması önerilmektedir.Türkiye’de casino turizmine yeniden giriş konusunda çok az araştırma mevcuttur. Çalışmanın sonuçlarının strateji ve politika yapıcılara ve ilgili kurumlara yol gösterici olması hedeflenmiştir.

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