Use of sex pheromone for control of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

The tobacco cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is one of the most destructive pests of agricultural crops worldwide. Control of this pest strongly relies on chemical insecticides. In this paper, we combined sex pheromone and insecticide control of this pest in Chinese cabbage field. The results showed that the adoption of sex pheromone trapping can effectively suppress adults, largely decrease larvae or egg mass density and damage rate of Spodoptera litura. Furthermore, either spraying times or costs of chemical pesticide against Spodoptera litura, were significantly reduced by adoption of sex pheromone trapping. Economic-cost analysis implied that the adoption of sex pheromone trapping can help farmers get higher benefits by lowering costs and increasing yields than mere chemical control. This suggests that use of sex pheromone can be a viable alternative in integrated management of tobacco cutworm infestation.

Kaynakça

Chen, T. H., Chen, C. X., Jiang, K. .J., Song, K.J., Song, T. Y., Wu, H. J., 2001, Occurrence regularity of Prodenia litura and a new forecast method. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology, 38(1): 36-39. (in Chinese)

Chen, Q., Jin, Q. A., Peng, Z. Q , Tang, C, Wen, H. B., 2008, Analysis of the susceptibility of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) to abamectin. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 24(7): 361-364. (in Chinese)

Chisholm, M. D., Steck, W. F., Underhill, E. W., 1979, Field trapping of the diamondback moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) using synthetic sex attractants. Environmental Entomology, 8: 516-518.

Fujiyoshi, N., Miyashita, K., Kawasaki, K., 1979, Mating inhibition in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) with its synthetic sex pheromone. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 23: 235-239.

Huang, S. J., Han, Z. J., 2007, Mechanisms for multiple resistances in field populations of common cutworm, Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) in China. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 87: 14-22.

Li, M. B., 2001, Study on the environment status and prevention measure in the vegetable region of Yunnan province. Yunnan Environmental Science, 20(4): 45-47. (in Chinese)

Liu, G. H., Yan, W. Z., Yang, J. L., 2001, The diagnosis and identification ofvegetable disease and insect pests in Yunnan. Yunnan Science and Technology Publishing House, Kunming, 18-26. (in Chinese)

Mclaughlin, J. R., Mitchell, E. R., Kirsch, P. A., 1994, Mating disruption of DBM in cabbage: reduction of mating and suppression of larval populations. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97: 1198-1204.

Men, X. Z., 1997, The application of insect sex pheromone. Bulletin of Biology, 32(3): 46-47.

Meng, X. B., Chen, Q., Lu, S. C, 1988, Spodoptera litura Fabricius badly broke out inNanning suburb. Plant Protection, 14(6): 51. (in Chinese)

Qian, D. L., Li, D., Zheng, Y. L., 2007, Primary study on control of natural population of Spodoptera litura by using sex pheromone. Plant Protection, 33(3): 136-138. (inChinese)

Qin, H. G., Wang, D. D., Ding, J., Huang, R. H., Ye, Z. X., 2006, Host plants of Spodoptera litura. Ada Agriculturae Jiangxi, 18(5): 51 -58. (in Chinese)

Rao, G. V. R., Wightman, J. A., Rao, D. V. R., 1991, Monitoring Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) using sex attractant traps: Effect of trap height and time of the night on moth catch. Insect Science and Its Application, 12(4): 443-448.

Reddy, G. V. P., Guerrero, A., 2000, Pheromone based integrated pest management to control the diamondback moth Plutellaxylostella in cabbage fields. Pest Management Science, 56: 882-888.

Reddy, G. V. P., Urs, K. C. D., 1997, Mass trapping of diamondback moth Plutellaxylostella in cabbage fields using synthetic sex pheromone. International Pest Control, 39: 125-126.

Shih, C. J., Chu,Y. I., 1988, The influence of the female competition on the attractiveness of the sex pheromone trap of Spodoptera litura. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 8(2): 131 -141. (in Chinese)

Shih, C. J., Chu, Y. I., 1995, Factors influence the capture rate of Spodoptera litura in sex pheromone: trap-vegetation, wind direction and meteorology. Plant Protection Bulletin (Taipei), 37(1): 59-69.

Srinivas, K., Rao, P. A., 1999, Management of Spodoptera litura (F.) infesting groundnut by mating disruption technique with synthetic sex pheromone. Journal of Entomological Research, 23(2): 115-119.

Tamaki, Y, Nogughi, H., Yushima, T.,1973,Sex pheromone of Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Isolation, identification, and synthesis. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 8: 200-203.

Tang,C,Su, T. H., 1988, Field trials of the synthetic sex pheromone of Spodoptera litura (F.).l. mass trapping of male. Chinese Journal of Entomology, 8(1): 11-12. (in Chinese)

Wang, X. P., Le, V. T, Fang, Y. L., Zhang, Z. N., 2004, Trap effect on the capture of Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) with sex pheromone lures in cabbage fields in Vietnam. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 39(2): 303-309.

Wu, C. B., Tang, F., Wu, J. Y, Qu, X. Q., 2006, Test of insecticide-resistance of larvae of Prodenia litura Fabricius in Jianghuai region. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Science, 34(20): 5281-5282. (in Chinese)

Xu, L., Wu, S. Y, Li, W. H., Wu, M., Deng, J. Y, Wang, Y, 2006, Occurrence of Prodenia litura within round-the-city greenbelt of Pudong and preliminary research on the application of forecasting the pest situation by sex pheromone. Acta Agriculturae Shanghai, 22(2): 121-124. (in Chinese)

Xu, M.H., 1998, Pest control of Horticultural Plants. China Forest Publishing House, Beijing, China, 335-336. (in Chinese)

Yang, P. Y, Li, P., Zhou, J. Y, Hu, X. M., Lv, J. P., Li, Y H., 2007, Farmer's cultural practices and management of vegetable pests by small producers in Yunnan Province. Plant Protection, 33(6): 94-99. (in Chinese)

Yushima, T, Tamaki, Y, Kamano, S., Oyama, M., 1974, Field evaluation of a synthetic sex pheromone, "Litlure", as an attractant for males of Spodoptera litura (F.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Applied Entomology and Zoology, 9: 147-152.

Zhou, X. M., Huang, B. Q., 2002, Insecticide resistance of the common cutworm (Spodoptera litura) and its control strategies. Entomological Knowledge, 39(2): 98-102. (in Chinese)

Kaynak Göster