A TREATISE ON PREDESTINATION Sharḥ Ḥadīth Iḥtijāj Ādam wa-Mūsā of Quṭb al-Dīn-zāda al-Iznīqī

The ḥadīth that is well-known in Islamic theology as Iḥtijāj Ādam waMūsā/Discussion between Adam and Moses often comes to the fore in debates about predestination because of its content. Almost any scholar studying fate has an affirmative or contrary comment on this ḥadīth. The Ottoman scholar Quṭb al-Dīn-zāda al-Iznīqī (d. 885/1480) was among those who analyzed the ḥadīth. He joined the discussion with a specific treatise that became important on this issue. As a Sufi scholar, he treated the ḥadīth through the Sufi approach and brought a different point of view. This study seeks to introduce the precious treatise by Quṭb al-Dīn-zāda to present scientific circles through analysis, interpretation, and translation

Kaynakça

Abū Dāwūd, Sulaymān ibn al-Ashʿath al-Sijistānī, Sunan Abī Dāwūd, 5 vols., (Istanbul: Çağrı Yayınları, 1981).

Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad al-Shaybānī, alMusnad, 6 vols., (Istanbul: Çağrı Yay., 1982).

Arpaguş, Hatice, “Sofyalı Bâlî Efendi’nin Kazâ ve Kader Risâlesi ve A‘yân-ı Sâbite Açısından İnsanın Sorumluluğu,” Marmara Üniversitesi İlâhiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 30/1 (2006), 51-88.

al-Ashʿarī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn ʿIsmāʿīl, al-Ibānah ʿan uṣūl al-diyānah (ed. Bashīr Muḥammad ʿUyūn; Damascus: Maktabat al-Dār al-Bayān, 1990).

al-ʿAynī, Abū Muḥammad Badr al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn Aḥmad, ʿUmdat al-qārī Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 25 vols., (eds. Muḥammad Munīr Abdah Aghā l-Dimashqī et al.; Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, n.d.).

al-Baghdādī, Abū Manṣūr ʿAbd al-Qāhir ibn Ṭāhir, al-Farq bayn al-firaq wabayān al-firqa al-nājiya minhum (ed. Muḥammad ʿUthmān alKhusht; Cairo: Maktabat Ibn Sīnā, n.d.).

al-Baghawī, Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥusayn ibn Masʿūd, Sharḥ al-Sunna, 16 vols., (ed. Zuhayr al-Shāyīsh and Shuʿayb al-Arnāʾūṭ; Beirut: alMaktab al-Islāmī, 1403/1983).

al-Baghdādī, Ismāʿīl Pāshā ibn Muḥammad, Hadiyyat al-ʿārifīn asmāʾ almuʾallifīn wa āthār al-muṣannifīn, 2 vols., (eds. Mahmut Kemal İnal and Avni Aktuç; Istanbul: Maarif Basımevi, 1955).

Bağcı, Hacı Musa, İnsanın Kaderi-Hadislerin Telkin Ettiği Kader Anlayışı (Ankara: Ankara Okulu Yayınları, 2009).

al-Bayḍāwī, Abū al-Khayr ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿUmar, Anwār al-tanzīl wa-asrār al-taʾwīl, 5 vols., (ed. Muḥammad ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Marʿashlī; Beirut: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Turāth al-ʿArabī, n.d.).

al-Bazdawī, Abū al-Yusr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad, Uṣūl al-dīn (ed. Hans Peter Linss; Cairo: al-Maktaba al-Azhariyya li-l-Turāth, 2003).

al-Bukhārī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn İsmāʿīl, al-Jāmīʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ, 8 vols., (Istanbul: al Maktaba al Islāmī, 1979).

Bursali Meḥmed Ṭāhir Efendī, ʿUthmānli Muʾalliflari, 2 vols., (Istanbul: Maṭbaʿa-i ʿĀmira, 1333).

Demirli, Ekrem, “Vahdet-i Vücûd,” Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslâm Ansiklopedisi (DİA), XXXXII, 431-435.

Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, Abū ʿUmar Yūsuf ibn ʿAbd Allāh, al-Istidhkār al-jāmiʿ limadhāhib fuqahāʾ al-amṣār wa-ʿulamāʾ al-aqṭār fīmā taḍammanahū l-Muwaṭṭaʾ min maʿānī l-raʾy wa l-āthār wa-sharḥ dhālika kullihī bi-l-īʿjāz wa-l-ikhtiṣār, 30 vols., (ed. ʿAbd al-Muʿṭī Amīn Qalʿajī; Cairo: Dār al-Waʿy, 1993).

Ibn ʿAbd al-Barr, Abū ʿUmar Yūsuf ibn ʿAbd Allāh, al-Tamhīd limā fī lMuwaṭṭaʾ min al-maʿānī wa-l-asānīd, 26 vols., (eds. Saʿīd Aḥmad Aʿrāb, Muḥammad al-Fallāḥ et al.; Maghreb: Wizārat ʿUmūm al-Awqāf wa-l-Shuʾūn al-Islāmiyya, 1992).

Ibn Baṭṭāl, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī ibn Khalaf al-Qurṭubī, Sharḥ Saḥīḥ al-Bukhārī li-Ibn Baṭṭāl, 10 vols., (ed. Abū Tamīm Yāsir ibn Ibrāhīm; Riyadh: Maktabat al-Rushd, 2003).

Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī, Abū l-Faḍl Shihāb al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn ʿAlī, Fatḥ al-bārī bi-sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 13 vols., (eds. Muḥammad Fuʾād ʿAbd alBāqī and Muḥibb al-Dīn al-Khaṭīb; Cairo: Dār al-Rayyān, 1986).

Ibn Ḥazm, Abū Muḥammad ʿAlī ibn Aḥmad al-Qurṭubī, al-Iḥkām fī uṣūl alaḥkām, 8 vols., (ed. Aḥmad Muḥammad Shākir; Beirut: Dār al-Āfāq alJadīda, 1983).

Ibn Manda, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Isḥāq, al-Radd ʿalā l-Jahmiyya (ed. ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Faqīhī; n.p., 1982).

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Abū Bakr, Shifāʾ al-ʿalīl fī masāʾil al-qaḍāʾ wa-l-qadar wa-l-ḥikma wa-l-taʿlīl, 2 vols., (ed. Muṣṭafā Abū l-Naṣr al-Shalabī; Jeddah: Maktabat al-Sawādī, 1991).

Kahraman, Ferruh, “Hz. Âdem’in Yasak Ağaca Yaklaşması,” Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 25/27 (2013/1), 191-226.

Kātib Chalabī, Ḥājī Khalīfa Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAbd Allāh, Kashf al-ẓunūn ʿan asāmī al-kutub wa-l-funūn, 2 vols., (eds. M. Şerefettin Yaltkaya and Kilisli Rifat Bilge; Ankara: Maarif Vekaleti, 1943).

Kātib Chalabī, Ḥājī Khalīfa Muṣṭafā ibn ʿAbd Allāh, Sullam al-wuṣūl ilā ṭabaqāt al-fuḥūl, 6 vols., (eds. Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu, Maḥmūd ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Arnaʾūṭ and Ṣāliḥ Saʿdāwī Ṣāliḥ; Istanbul: Ircica Yayınları, 2010).

al-Khaṭṭābī, Abū Sulaymān Ḥamd ibn Muḥammad, Maʿālim al-sunan wahuwa sharḥ Sunan al-Imām Abī Dāwūd, 4 vols., (ed. Muḥammad Rāghib al-Ṭabbākh; Aleppo: al-Maṭbaʿa al-ʿIlmiyya, 1932).

Muḥammad Majdī Efendī, Ḥadāʾiq al-Shaqāʾiq, 5 vols., (ed. Abdülkadir Özcan; Istanbul: Çağrı Yayınları, 1989).

Muslim, Abū l-Ḥusayn Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Qushayrī, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, 5 vols., (ed. Muḥammad Fuʾād ʿAbd al-Bāqī; Cairo: Dār Iḥyāʾ al-Kutub al-ʿArabiyya, 1955).

al-Nasafī, Abū l-Barakāt ʿAbd Allāh ibn Aḥmad, Tafsīr al-Nasafī, 4 vols., (Istanbul: Dāru Kahramān, 1984).

al-Nawawī, Abū Zakariyyā Yaḥyā ibn Sharaf, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim bi-sharḥ alNawawī, 18 vols., (Cairo: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Miṣriyya, 1930).

Öngören, Reşat, “Bir Rüya Yorumcusu Olarak Mutasavvıf-Âlim Kutbuddinzâde Mehmed İznikî,” Uluslararası İznik Sempozyumu (5- 7 Eylül 2005) [International Iznik Symposium (5-7 September 2005)] (Iznik: İznik Belediyesi Kültür Yayınları, 2005), 381-387.

Öngören, Reşat, “Kutbüddinzâde Iznikî,” Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslâm Ansiklopedisi (DİA), XXVI, 489-490.

al-Qāḍī ʿAbd al-Jabbār, Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAbd al-Jabbār ibn Aḥmad, al-Mughnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd wa-l-ʿadl, 20 vols., (eds. Tawfīq al-Ṭawīl, Saʿīd Zāyed, Ṭāhā Ḥusayn et al.; Cairo: Wizārat al-Thaqāfa wa-l-Irshād alQawmī, al-Sharika al-Miṣriyya, 1960-65)

Qāḍī ʿIyāḍ, Abū l-Faḍl ʿIyāḍ ibn Mūsā l-Yaḥṣubī, Ikmāl al-muʿlim bi-fawāʾid Muslim, 9 vols., (ed. Yaḥyā İsmāʿīl; Manṣūra: Dār al-Wafāʾ, 1998).

al-Qāshānī, ʿAbd al-Razzāq Kamāl al-Dīn ibn Abī l-Ghanāʾim, Laṭāʾif aliʿlām fī ishārāt ahl al-ilhām, 2 vols., (eds. Aḥmad ʿAbd al-Raḥīm alSāyiḥ et al.; Cairo: Maktabat al-Thaqāfa al-Dīniyya, 1426/2005).

al-Qasṭallānī, Abū al-ʿAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad, Irshād al-sārī li-sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, 10 vols., (Būlāq: al-Maṭbaʿa al-Kubrā al-Amīriyya, 1305).

al-Qurṭubī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, al-Jāmiʿ li-aḥkām alQurʾān, 24 vols., (ed. ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muḥsin al-Turkī; Beirut: Muʾassasat al-Risāla, 2006).

al-Rāzī, Abū ʿAbd Allāh Fakhr al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar, Mafātīḥ alghayb -al-Tafsīr al-kabīr, 32 vols., (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1981).

al-Ṣābūnī, Nūr al-Dīn Aḥmad ibn Maḥmūd Abī Bakr, al-Bidāya fī uṣūl aldīn (ed. Bekir Topaloğlu; Ankara: Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı Yayınları, 1396/1979).

Ṭāshkuprī-zāda, ʿIṣām al-Dīn Abū al-Khayr Aḥmad ibn Muṣṭafā ibn Khalīl, al-Shaqāʾiq al-Nuʿmāniyya fī ʿulamāʾ al-Dawla al-ʿUthmāniyya (Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-ʿArabī, 1975).

al-Tirmidhī, Abū ʿĪsā Muḥammad ibn ʿĪsā, al-Jāmiʿ al-ṣaḥīḥ, 5 vols., (eds. Aḥmad Muḥammad Shākir, Muḥammad Fuʾād ʿAbd al-Bāqī and Yūsuf Kamāl al-Ḥūt; Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiyya, 1987).

Uludağ, Süleyman, “A’yân-ı sâbite,” Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı İslâm Ansiklopedisi (DİA), IV, 198-199.

Kaynak Göster

İlahiyat Studies: A Journal on Islamic and Religious Studies
  • ISSN: 1309-1786
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 2 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2010

2.7b1b

Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Education and Learning in the Early Islamic World, edited by Claude Gilliot (The Formation of the Classical Islamic World, 43), (Surrey, UK & Burlington, VT-USA: Ashgate Variorum, 2012), xc + 410 pp, ISBN: 978-0-86078-717-4, £180.00 (hb)

Asma AFSARUDDİN

The Proofs of Prophecy, by Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī, (A Paralel English-Arabic text translated, introduced, and annotated by Tarif Khalidi (Islamic Translation Series – al-Ḥikma), (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2011), xxiii + 266 + 243 (Arabic text) pp., ISBN: 978-0-8425-2787-3, $39.95 (hb)

Muhammad U. FARUQUE

A TREATISE ON PREDESTINATION Sharḥ Ḥadīth Iḥtijāj Ādam wa-Mūsā of Quṭb al-Dīn-zāda al-Iznīqī

ABDULLAH KARAHAN, MEHMET ŞAKAR

Mariage et séparation à Damas au Moyen Age : Un corpus de 62 documents juridiques inédits entre 337/948 et 698/1299, by Jean-Michel Mouton, Dominique Sourdel & Janine Sourdel-Thomine (Documents relatifs à l'histoire des croisades, 21), (Paris: Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 2013), 326

Konrad HİRSCHLER

Mariage et séparation à Damas au Moyen Age : Un corpus de 62 documents juridiques inédits entre 337/948 et 698/1299, by Jean-Michel Mouton, Dominique Sourdel & Janine Sourdel-Thomine (Documents relatifs à l'histoire des croisades, 21), (Paris: Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 2013), 326

Konrad HİRSCHLER

Mariage et séparation à Damas au Moyen Age : Un corpus de 62 documents juridiques inédits entre 337/948 et 698/1299, by Jean-Michel Mouton, Dominique Sourdel & Janine Sourdel-Thomine (Documents relatifs à l'histoire des croisades, 21), (Paris: Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 2013), 326

Konrad HİRSCHLER

Mariage et séparation à Damas au Moyen Age : Un corpus de 62 documents juridiques inédits entre 337/948 et 698/1299, by Jean-Michel Mouton, Dominique Sourdel & Janine Sourdel-Thomine (Documents relatifs à l'histoire des croisades, 21), (Paris: Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 2013), 326

Konrad HİRSCHLER

A STUDY ON THE USAGE FORMS AND COURSE OF MEANING OF SĀḤIB SUNNA AS A PRAISING (TAʿDĪL) TERM

SEZAİ ENGİN

SUNNĪ-SHĪʿĪ INTERACTION IN THE EARLY PERIOD – The Transition of the Chains of Ahl al-Sunna to the Shīʿa –

Bekir KUZUDİŞLİ

Fifty Years in the East : The Memoirs of Wladimir Ivanow, edited with annotations by Farhad Daftary (London: I.B. Tauris Publishers in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2015), xvi + 256 pp., ISBN: 978-1-78076-841-0, £25.00

Amanda PROPST