Observation of embryonic and early larval development of striped gourami, Trichogaster fasciata (Perciformes: Osphronemidae)

Background: The striped gourami, Trichogaster fasciata, is depleted due to loss of habitat and overfishing. The striped gourami has virtually disappeared from the areas where it was abundant, such as rivers, canals, haor, baor and beels. T. fasciata is nutritive, economically and ecologically very valuable. It is vital to assess its early developmental biology for fry production and suitable rearing technique to repopulate this species in the freshwater bodies. Material and Methods: Brood T. fasciata was collected from local wild source. The brood T. fasciata was reared with polyunsaturated fatty acids supplemented diet for 3 months. T. fasciata was bred spontaneously. Fertilized eggs of T. fasciata were incubated in 2 mini circular bowl hatcheries (50 L capacity) with provision of continuous water supply and the embryonic and larval stages were recorded using a binocular microscope and a digital camera-equipped microscope. Results: The fertilized eggs were spherical, transparent, buoyant, non adhesives and brownish in colour, with an average diameter of 0.30-0.60 mm. First cleavage occurred within 25-30 min of postfertilization at 26±1°C. Hatching started at 22 h post-fertilization and completed within 24 h at the same temperature range. New hatchlings were 2.0-2.5 mm long devoid of mouth and pigmentation and started feeding within 48-60 h post-hatching. Depletion of the yolk-sac and development of the gills occurred on the second day of hatching. Conclusions: Therefore, the findings of the present study may help establishing the large scale seed production technique of T. fasciata.


Andrade-Talmelli EF, Kavamoto ET, Romagosa E, Fenerich-Verani N (2001) Embryonic development of the ‘piabanha’, Brycon insignis, (Steindachner, 1876) (Pisces; Characidae). Boletim do Instituto de Pesca 27: 21-28.

Anonymous (2006) IUCN red list of threatened species. http://www.redlist.org.

Anonymous (2012) A Compendium for National Fish Week (Jatiyo Matsya Saptaho, 2012) (21-27 July). Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock, Bangladesh, Dhaka.

Arezo MJ, Pereiro L, Berois N (2005) Early development in the annual fish Cynolebias viarius. Journal of Fish Biology 66: 1357-1370.

Behra S, Khan MI, Das SK, Nagesh TS (2005) On the fecundity of stripped gourami, Colisa fasciata (Bloch and Schneider). Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India 37(1): 68-70.

Bjelland RM, Skiftesvik AB (2006) Larval development in European hake (Merluccius merluccius L.) reared in a semiintensive culture system. Aquaculture Research 37: 1117-1129.

Borcato FL, Bazzoli N, Sato Y (2004) Embriogenesis and larval ontogeny of the Pirugordura, Leporinus piau (Fowler) (Pisces, Anostomidae) after induced spawning. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21: 117-122.

Chakrabarty D, Das SK, Das MK, Bag MP (2010) Low cost fish feed for aquarium fish: a test case using Colisa fasciata. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 2010 8(2): 312-316.

De Graaf GJ, Janssen H (1996) Artificial reproduction and pond rearing of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus in sub Saharan Africa. FAO Fisheries Technical Papers 362: 1-73.

Dehadrai, PV, Banerji SR, Thakur NK, Das NK (1973) Sexual dimorphism in certain air breathing teleosts. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India 5: 71-77.

Finn RN, Rønnestad I, van der Meeren T, Fyhn HJ (2002) Fuel and metabolic scaling during the early life stages of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Marine Ecology Progress Series 24: 217-234.

Fukuhara O (1990) Effects of temperature on yolk utilization, initial growth, and behaviour of unfed marine fish-larvae. Marine Biology 106(2): 169-174.

Goodwin D (2003) The practical aquarium fish handbook. Sterling Publishing Company, New York. Hall TE (2008) Pattern formation. In: Finn RN, Kapoor BG (eds.), Fish larval physiology, Science Publishers, Enfield, New Hampshire, 3-25.

Iwamatsu T (2004) Stages of normal development in the medaka Oryzias latipes. Mechanisms of Development 121: 605-618.Kimmel CB, Ballard WW, Kimmel SR, Ullmann B, Schilling TF (1995) Stages of embryonic development of the zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics 203: 253-310.

Kumari P, Prasad MS (1983) Changes in the water-blood diffusion barrier of secondary gill lamellae during early life of Colisa fasciatus. Zoologischer Anzeiger Jena 211: 108-114.

Martell DJ, Kieffer JD, Trippel EA (2005) Effects of temperature during early life history on embryonic and larval development and growth in haddock. Journal of Fish Biology 66: 1558-1575.

Meijide FJ, Guerrero GA (2000) Embryonic and larval development of a substrate-brooding cichlid Cichlasoma dimerus (Heckel, 1840) under laboratory conditions. Journal of Zoology 252 (4): 48-493.

Mitra K, Sure sh VR, Vinci GK, Mazumdar NN, Biswas DK (2007) Biology and fishery of banded gourami, Colisa fasciata (Bloch and Schneider 1801) in a floodplain wetland of Ganga River Basin. Asian Fisheries Science 20: 409-423.

Moitra SK, Ray AK (1977) Morpho-histology of the alimentary canal of an Indian fresh-water perch, Colisa fasciata (Bloch) in relation to food and feeding habits. Anatomischer Anzeiger 141 (1): 37-58.

Olivotto I, Holt SA, Carnevali O, Holt GJ (2006) Spawning, early development, and first feeding in the lemonpeel angelfish Centropyge flavissimus. Aquaculture 253: 270-278.

Osman AGM, Wiertz S, Mekkawy IA, Verreth J, Kirschbaum F (2008) Early development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus focusing on the ontogeny of selected organs. Journal of Applied Ichthyology 24: 187-195.

Papoutsoglou ES, Lyndon AR (2005) Effect of incubation temperature on carbohydrate digestion in important teleosts for aquaculture. Aquaculture Research 36: 1252-1264.

Pepin P (1991) Effect of temperature and size on development, mortality, and survival rates of the pelagic early life history stages of marine fish. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 48: 503-518.

Prasad MS, Mishra AP, Singh BR (1982) Development of the air breathing organ in Colisa fasciatus (Bl and Schn). Archivio italiano di anatomia e di embriologia 87: 243-261.

Puvaneswari S, Marimuthu K, Karuppasamy R, Haniffa MA (2009) Early embryonic and larval development of Indian catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis. EurAsian Journal of BioSciences 3: 84-96 . Rahman AKA (1989) Freshwater fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka.

Silva LVF (2004) Morphology and early development of silver catfish, Rhamdia quelen, (Siluriforme, Pimelodidae) embryos and larvae. In: MacKinlay D (ed), Proceedings of the Symposium on Physiology of Fish Eggs and Larvae, 1-5 August, 2004, Manaus Brazil, 89-94.

Tripathi SD (2004) Ornamental fishes: Breeding, culture and trade. In: Das RC, Sinha A, Datta S, Ghosh S (eds.), Proceedings of the National Seminar on Prospects of Ornamental Fish Breeding and Culture in Eastern and North eastern India. Central Institute of Fisheries Education, (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Kolkata, 17-42.

Wood CM, Mc Donald DG (1996) Global warning: Implications for freshwater and marine fish. Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series 61. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Watson CA, Chapman FA (2002) Artificial incubation of fish eggs. Fact Sheet FA-32, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida Extension. Available at http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/FA/ FA05100.pdf (accessed 03 February 2011).

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1307-9867
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 0 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2018

293 70