Floristic properties of lowland meadows in Central Black Sea Region of Turkey

Türkiye'nin Orta Karadeniz Bölgesi'nde bulunan otlatilan ve otlatilmayan alüvyal çayirlik alanlarin florasi 2001-2003 yillari arasinda arastirildi. Çalisma alani Orta Karadeniz bölgesinin sahil kesimleri boyunca uzanmaktadir. Alan floristik olarak Avrupa-Sibirya fitocografik bölgenin Öksin eyaletinde bulunmaktadir. Çalisilan çayirlar mera olarak kullanilmistir. Çalisma alaninin florasi 29 familya, 84 cins, 122 tür, alttür veya varyeteden olusmaktadir. Tespit edilen bitkiler sirasiyla, %19.66'si Avrupa-Sibirya Bölgesine, %11.46'si Akdeniz Bölgesine, %68.85'i çok bölgeli ya da floristik bölgesi bilinmeyen türlere aittir. Hayat formu spektrumunun %69.67'si Hemikriptofitlerden, %22.13'ü Terofitlerden, %5.73'ü Kamefitlerden ve %2.45'i Geofitlerden olusmaktadir. Bu çalismanin amaci, Türkiye'nin Orta Karadeniz Bölgesi'ndeki dogal alüvyal çayirlarin floristik kompozisyonunu belirlemektir. Örneklerin isimlendirilmesinde baslica "Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands" ve "The Flora Europea" kullanilmistir.

Türkiye'nin Orta Karadeniz bölgesindeki çayırların floristik özellikleri

The flora of the grazed and ungrazed alluvial meadows in central the Black Sea Region of Turkey was investigated between 2001 and 2003. The study area is situated along the coast of the central Black Sea Region of Turkey. This area floristically belongs to the Euxine province of the Euro-Siberian phytogeographical region. The studied meadows are used as rangeland. The flora of the study area consists of 29 families, 84 genera, and 122 species and subspecies or varieties. With 19.66% of the plants belonging to, the Euro-Siberian Region, 11.46% are of the Mediterranean floristic region, with 68.85%, of the pluriregional or unknown. The life-form spectrum consists of 69.67% Hemicryptophytes, 22.13% Therophytes, 5.73% Chamaephytes, and 2.45% Geophytes, respectively. The aim of this paper is to define the floristic composition of the natural alluvial meadows in the central Black Sea Region of Turkey. The Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands and The Flora Europea were mainly used to identify the specimens.

Kaynakça

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