Early embryonic and larval development of Indian catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis

Mevcut çalismada; Hint kedi baligi, Heteropneustes fossilis'in embriyonik ve larval gelisimini, döllenmeden metamorfoza kadar arastirilmistir. Yapay döllenme yoluyla tam olgunlasmis yumurta ve spermler elde edilmistir. Döllenmis yumurtalar; demersal, yapiskan olmayan, küresel ve kahverenkli idiler. Döllenmis yumurtalarin ortalama çaplari 1.30 ila 1.50 mm arasinda degiskenlik arzetmekteydi. Kuluçka periyodu, ortalama 29±1°C sicaklikta 23-24 saatti. Yumurtadan yeni çikan larvalarin boyu 2.5±0.2 mm idi. Yumurtadan çiktiktan sonra yumurta sarisinin absorbe edilmesi üç gün içinde tamamlandi. Larvanin hava soluma davranisi yumurtadan çikistan 10 gün sonra gözlendi. Larvalar yumurtadan çiktiktan sonra 20 gün içerisinde, dis özellikler bakimindan yetiskinlere benzediler ve genç juvenillere metamorfoze oldular.

Hint Kedi Balığı, Heteropneustes fossilis'de erken embriyonik ve larval gelişim

The present study investigated the embryonic and larval development of Indian catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis from fertilization until metamorphosis. The fully matured eggs and sperm were obtained by artificial insemination. The fertilized eggs were demersal, non- adhesive, spherical, and brownish green in color. The average diameter of the fertilized eggs ranged from 1.30 to 1.50 mm. The incubation period was from 23-24 h at an average temperature of 29±1°C. The newly hatched larvae were 2.5±0.2 mm in length. The yolk absorption was completed within three d after hatching. The aerial breathing behaviour of the larvae was observed 10 d after hatching. The larva resembled the adult in its external features and was metamorphosed to young juveniles within 20 d post-hatching.


Arockiaraj AJ, Haniffa MA, Seetharaman S, Sing SP (2003) Early Development of a Theatened Freshwater Catfish Mystus montanus (Jerdon). Acta Zoologica Taiwanica 14, 23-32.

Bagarinao T, Chua TE (1986) Egg size and larval size among teleosts Implications to survival potential. In: Maclean JL, Dizon LB, Hossilos LV (eds), The First Asian Fisheries Forum, Asian Fisheries Society, Manila, 651-656.

Banerji SR (1974) Hypophysation and life history of Channa punctatus (Bloch). Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India 6, 62-73.

Borcato FL, Bazzoli N, Sato Y (2004) Embriogenesis and larval ontogeny of the Pirugordura, Leporinus piau (Fowler) (Pisces, Anostomidae) after induced spawning. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21, 117-122.

Brown JA (1986) The development of feeding behavior in lumpfish Cyclopterus lumpus. Journal of Fish Biology 29, 171-178.

Bruton MN (1979) The breeding and early development of Clarias gariepinus (Pisces: Clariidae) in lake sibaya South Africa, with a review of breeding in species of the subgenus Clarias (Clarias). Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35, 1-45.

Burgess WE (1989) An atlas of freshwater and marine catfishes-A preliminary survey of the Siluriformes. TFH Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.

Chondar SL (1994) Induced carp breeding. CBS Publishers and Distribtors, New Delhi Crawford CM (1986) Development of eggs and larvae of the flounders Rhombosolea tapirina and Ammotectis rotratus (Pisces: Pleuronectidae). Journal of Fish Biology 29, 325-334.

De Graaf GJ, Janssen H (1996) Artificial reproduction and pond rearing of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus in sub Saharan Africa. FAO Fisheries Technical Papers 362, 1-73.

Francis T (1996) Studies on the effect of pituitary hormones and feeds on the reproduction of Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). PhD Thesis. Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Madras.

Hall TE, Smith P, Johnston IA (2004) Stages of embryonic development in the Atlantic cod Gadus morhua. Journal of Morphology 259, 255-270.

Haniffa MA, Sridhar S (2002) Induced spawning of spotted murrel (Channa punctatus) and catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) using human chorionic gonadotropin and synthetic hormone (ovaprim). Veterinarski Arhiv 72, 51-56.

Herath HKS (1988) Hybridization, early development of embryos and production characteristics of larvae of African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) and Asian catfish Clarias batrachus (Linnaeus). Master Thesis, Wageningen Agricultural University. Wageningen, the Netherlands.

Hughes GM, Munshi JSD, Ojha J (1986) Post embryonic development water and air breathing organs of Anabas testudineus (Bloch). Journal of Fish Biology 29, 443-450.

Hunter JR, Kimbrell CA (1980) Early life history of Pacific mackerel Scomber japonicus. Fishery Bulletin 78, 89-101.

Islam A (2005) Embryonic and larval development of Thai pangas (Pangasius sutchi Fowler 1937). Development, Growth and Differentiation 47, 1-6.

Kawamura G, Washiyama N (1989) Ontogenic changes in behavior and sense organ morphogenesis in largemouth Bass and Tilapia nilotica. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 118, 203-213.

Khan HA (1972) Induced breeding of air breathing fishes. Central International Fish Res. Institute Barrackpore. Indian farming. Indian Council of Agricultural Res. Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi.

Khan MMR, Mollah MFA (1998) Embryonic and larval development of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Bangladesh Journal of Fisheries 21, 91-97.

Kim YU, Park YS, Kim DS (1987) Development of eggs, larvae and juveniles of loach, Misgurnus mizolepis, Gunther. Bulletin of the Korean Fisheries Society 20, 6-23.

Kimmel CB, Ballard WW, Kimmel SR, Ullmann B, Schilling TF (1995) Stages of embryonic development of the zebrafish. Developmental Dynamics 203, 253-310.

Kohli MSP, Vidyarthi S (1990) Induced breeding embryonic and larval development in Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch) in the agroclimatic conditions of Maharastra. Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association 20, 15-19.

Koumoundouros G, Divanach P, Kentouri M (2001) Osteological development of Dentex dentex (Osteichthyes:Sparidae): dorsal, anal, paired fins and squamation. Marine Biology 138, 399-406.

Legendre M, Teugels GG (1991) Development and thermal tolerance of eggs in Heterobranchus longifilis and comparision larval development of H. longifilis and Clarias gariepinus (Teleosei, Clariidae). Aquatic Living Resources 4, 227-240.

Marguiles JJ (1997) Development of visual system and inferred performance capabilities of larvae and early juvenile scombirds. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiolgy 30, 75-98.

Marimuthu K (2002) Induced spawning in snakehead Channa spp. using natural and synthetic hormones. Ph.D Thesis, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tamil Nadu.

Marimuthu K, Haniffa MA (2007) Embryonic and Larval Development of the Striped Snakehead Channa striatus. Taiwania 52, 84-92.

Marimuthu K, Muruganandam M, Arockiaraj AJ, Haniffa MA (2000) Induced spawning of the Indian catfish Heteropneustus fossilis (Singhi) using a synthetic hormone ovatide. Fishing Chimes 19, 105-106.

Meehan WE (2002) Fish culture in ponds and other inland waters. HR Publishing House, Pilani.

Meijide FJ, Guerrero GA (2000) Embryonic and larval development of a substratebrooding cichlid Cichlasoma dimerus (Heckel, 1840) under laboratory conditions. Journal of Zoology 252, 481-493.

Mookerjee HK, Mazumdar SR (1950) Some aspects of the life history of Clarias batrachus (Linn). Proceedings of Zoological Society of Bengal 3, 71-79.

Munshi JSD, Hughes GM (1991) Air breathing fishes of India. Oxford and IBH Publishing, New Delhi.

Ogunji JO, Rahe RE (1999) Larval development of the African catfish Heterobranchus longifilis VAL, 1840 (Teleostei; Claridae) and its larval behavior. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics 14, 11-25.

Pan JH, Zheng WB (1987) Observations on the embryonic and larval development of Clarias lazera. Journal of South China Normal University Natural Science 1, 19-27.

Pan JH, Zheng WB (1982) Observations on the embryonic and larval development of Clarias fuscus. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 7, 445-454.

Parameshwaran S, Kamal MY (1988) Synoposis of biological data on the giant murrel, (Channa marulius), striped murrel (Channa striatus) and the spotted murel (Channa punctatus). Central Inland Capture Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin 53, 77-94.

Parameswaran S, Murugesan VK (1976) Observation on the hypophysation of Murrels (Ophiocephalidae). Hydrobiologia 50, 81-87.

Rahman MR, Rahman MA, Khan MN, Hussain MG (2004) Observation on the embryonic and larval development of silurid catfish, gulsha (Mystus cavasius Ham). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 7, 6, 1070-1075.

Ramanathan N, Natarajan P, Sukumaran N (1985) Studies on the induced spawning and larval rearing of a fresh water catfish Mystus punctatus (Jerdon). Proceedings of Indian Academy of Sciences (Animal Science) 94, 389-398.

Segner H, Rosch R, Verreth JAJ, Witt U (1993) Larval nutritional physiology studies with Clarias gariepinus, Coregonus lavaretus and Scophthalmus mas. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 24, 121-134.

Singh BR, Yadav AN, Prasad MS, Misha AP, Singh I (1990) Neo-morphic organ for CO2 elimination in air breathing teleosts. European Archives of Biology 101, 257-267.

Thakur NK (1976) On the spawning behavior of Clarias batrachus (Linn). Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 23, 178-180.

Thakur NK (1980) Notes on the embryonic and larval development of an air-breathing catfish Clarias batrachus (Linn). Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India 12, 30-43.

Thakur NK, Pal RN, Khan HA (1974) Embryonic and larval development of Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch). Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India 6, 33-44.

Tharakan B, Joy KP (1996) Effects of mammalian gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue, Pimozide, and the combination on plasma gonadotropin levels in different seasons and induction of ovulation in female catfish. Journal of Fish Biology 48, 623-632.

Verreth J, Eding E, Rao G, Huskens F, Segner H (1993) A review of feeding practices, growth and nutritional physiology in larvae of the Catfish Clarias gariepinus and Clarias batrachus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 24, 135-144.

Verreth J, Torreele E, Sparzier E, Slurszen A (1992) The development of a functional digestive system in Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 23, 4, 286-998.

Vijayakumar C, Sridhar S, Haniffa MA (1998) Low cost breeding and hatching techniques of the catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis) for small-scale farmers. Naga 21, 15-17.

Wang DS, Zhang YG, Luo QS (1992) Observations on the larval development of Mystus macropterus (Bleeker) Bagridae. Journal of Fish Biology 40, 371-379.

Zaki MI, Abdula A (1983) The reproduction and development of Clarias gariepinus (Claridae) from Lake Manzala (Egypt). Journal of Ichthyology 23, 48-58.

Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 1307-9867
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 0 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2018

121 37