Diversity of the vascular flora of Mt. Zlatar (Southwest Serbia)

Zlatar Dagi'ni da iceren Starovlaske Planine dag sistemi, bitki cografyasi acisindan Moesian ve Illyric Bolgeleri'nin gecis hattinda yer almaktadir. Guneybati Sirbistan'daki bu daglar, spesifik bir flora ve bitki kompozisyonuna sahiptir. Diluvyum oncesi ve sonrasi donemlerin genel ekolojik faktorlerinin kumulatif etkileri, bitki tur ve topluluklarinin gelismesi icin ozel sartlar olusturmustur. Bu calismanin amaci, adi gecen bolgedeki flora cesitliligini incelemektir. Bu, ozelde Sirbistan, genelde Balkan Yarimadasi'ndaki floranin korunmasi icin cok onemlidir. Bitki ornekleri toplandiktan sonra, standart metotlar kullanilarak tanimlamalar yapilmistir. Zlatar Dagi florasi, 92 familya ve 370 cinse ait 856 tanimlanmis turden olusmaktadir. Bu flora calismasi sonunda, 38 onemli ve nadir ve 12 endemik ve relikt tur oldugunu tespit edilmistir. Bitki-cografyasi analiz sonuclarýna gore, 61 farkli jeo-element gostermektedir. Bu bilgilere dayanarak, Zlatar Dagi florasi uzerinde Moesian Bolgesinin Illyric Bolgesi'nden daha buyuk etkisi oldugu tespit edilmistir.

Zlatar Dagi (Guneybati Sirbistan) vaskuler florasi ceşitliliği

The mountain system Starovlaške Planine, which includes Mt. Zlatar, is located at the transition line between the plant-geographical Moesian and the Illyric Provinces. This mountain massif of south-western Serbia has a specific floristic and vegetation composition. The cumulative relationships of the general ecological factors of both pre- and post-diluvium periods have formed special conditions for the development of plant species and communities.The purpose of this investigation was to examine the floristic diversity of the above mentioned region. This is very important for the conservation of flora in Serbia in particular, and the Balkan Peninsula in general. After having collected the plant species, the determination was performed using standard floristic methods. The flora of Mt. Zlatar consists of cca 856 identified species, which taxonomically belong to 92 families and 370 genera. The study of flora indicates that there are 38 significant and rare species and 12 relicts and endemics. According to the plant-geographical analysis, 61 different geoelements were recorded. Based on this data, it was determined that the Moesian Province has the greater impact on the flora on Mt. Zlatar than the Illyric Province.

Kaynakça

Adamovic L (1909) Die Vegetatinsvärheltnisse der Balkanländer (Mösische Länder) umfassend Serbien, Altserbien, Bulgarien, Ostrumelien, Nordthrakien und Nordmazedonien. In: Engler A, Drude O (ed.), Die Vegetation der Erde, 11, Leipzig, 1-567.

Anonymous (1994) IUCN Red List Categories. IUCN Species Survival Commission, 40th Meeting of the IUCN Council, Gland.

Gajic M (1984) A review of flora of Serbia with plant-geographical marks. In: Bulletin of Faculty of Forestry, 54, Belgrade, 111-141.

Gajic M (1989) Flora and vegetation of the Golija and Javor. Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade.

Gajic M (1989) Flora of the National Park Tara. Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade. Gajic M, Tucovic A, Karadzic D (1992) Flora of the northern part of Veliki Jastrebac. Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade.

Josifovic M (eds) (1970-1977) Flora of Serbia II-X. Academy of Science and Arts, Belgrade.

Milosavljevic M (1991) Climatology. Scientific Book, Belgrade. Obratov D, Dukic M (1993) Ecomorphologic, taxonomic and phytocoenologic characteristics of the species Pancicia serbica Vis. In: OPTIMA Meeting, Ministry of the Environment, 18-30.07.1993, Borovetz, Bulgaria, 114.

Obratov D (1994a) New association of spruce Pinetum moesiacae calcicolum ass. nova on the mountain Zlatar (Serbia). In: Bulgarian Academy of Science, Proceedings of the Scientific Conference, 02-03.06.1994, Sofia, Bulgaria, 141-150.

Obratov D, Dukic M (1994) Comparative analyze of meadow associations with Nardus strcta L. on the Zlatar mountain. In: III Conference of plant protection, Proceedings of the Scientific Conference, Ministry of Science, 03-07.10.1994, Vrnjacka Banja, Serbia, 117-123.

Obratov D (1994b) Floristic analyze of Nardetum strictae Greb. communities on the Zlatar mountain. Forestry 1-2, 27-33.

Obratov D (1995a) Infraspecific classification of the species Pancicia serbica Vis. (Apiaceaea, Araliales). In: Proceedings of the Scientific Conference, Bulgarian Academy of Science, 02-03.06.1994, Sofia, Bulgaria, 479-496.

Obratov D (1995b) The relations between Moesian and Illyrian floral elements on Zlatar Mountain. Forestry 38-39, 111-116.

Soó R (1980) A magynar növényvalág kézikönyve. Académiai kiadó, Budapest. Pavicevic N, Nikodijevic V, Antonovic G, Tanasijevic D (1986) The soils of Stari Vlah and Raška. Intitute for Soil Science, Belgrade.

Saric M (eds) (1986) Flora of Serbia I. Academy of Science and Arts, Belgrade. Stevanovic V (ed) (1999) The Red Data Book of Flora of Serbia 1. Ministry of the Environment of Republic of Serbia, Belgrade.

Tošic M (1986) Climatic conditions of the Sjenica-Pešter plateau. Scientific book. Sjenica.

Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA (eds) (1964-1980) Flora Europaea. I-V, University Press, Cambridge.

Walter H, Straka H (1970) Arealkunde. Floristich - historiche Geobotanic. In: Walter H (ed.): Einfürung in die Phytologie III/2, Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart. Wangerin W (1932) Florenelemente und Arealtypan. BBC, XHIX, Dresden.

Kaynak Göster