Following Autopsy Results in Patients who died of Unintentional Trauma

Objective: Trauma is one of the major global health challenges and its mortality rate increases along with science and technology advancements and the development of industrial communities. Besides trauma mortality, years of life lost and health care costs are rising. Due to the high incidence of death from trauma in Iran, this study was aimed at identifying the prevalence and factors associated with injury to estimate the prevention methodology for the reduction of trauma-induced death. Materials and Methods: In a descriptive study, 209 patients who died due to unintentional trauma and were dissected in the Medical Forensic Center of Tabriz (Iran) from May 2013 to May 2015 were studied. Patients' demographic information, type of trauma, and cause of death were collected.Results: In the present study on 209 patients, 79% were males and 21% were females, with a mean age of 37.64±22.68 years. The most common mechanism of trauma in these patients was traffic accidents. In our evaluation of 209 patients with accidental trauma, head and neck (89%) and thorax (45%) were the most common injury sites. Other injury sites included the upper limb (43.1%), lower limb (35.9%), abdomen (24.4%), and pelvis (12.9%). The results of this study showed that the common trauma site was the head and neck and that the common cause of death due to trauma was brain injury.Conclusion: Road traffic injury was the most common cause of unintentional trauma, and head injury was the most common cause of death in unintentional trauma. The most common life-threatening finding in patients who died due to unintentional trauma was loss of consciousness. Falling from heights was the next most common cause of trauma. Community education has the greatest impact on mortality reduction and injuries due to trauma.

Kaynakça

World Health Organization. "World Health Organization Global Bur- den of Disease." (2007).

Bord SP, Linden J. Trauma to the globe and orbit. Emerg Med Clin North Am 2008; 26(1): 97-123. [CrossRef]

Sİreide K. Epidemiology of major trauma. Br J Surg 2009; 96(7): 697-8. [CrossRef]

Marx, John, Ron Walls, and Robert Hockberger. Rosen's Emergency Medicine-Concepts and Clinical Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2013.

Polinder S, Meerding WJ, Mulder S, Petridou E, van Beeck E; EU- ROCOST Reference Group. Assessing the burden of injury in six European countries. Bull World Health Organ 2007; 85(1): 27-34. [CrossRef]

Sİreide K, Krüger AJ, Vårdal AL, Ellingsen CL, Sİreide E, Lossius HM. Epidemiology and contemporary patterns of trauma deaths: changing place, similar pace, older face. World J Surg 2007; 31(11): 2092-103. [CrossRef]

Pfeifer R, Tarkin IS, Rocos B, Pape HC. Patterns of mortality and causes of death in polytrauma patients--has anything changed? Injury 2009; 40(9): 907-11. [CrossRef]

Gunst M, Ghaemmaghami V, Gruszecki A, Urban J, Frankel H, Shafi S. "Changing epidemiology of trauma deaths leads to a bimodal distri- bution." Proc (Bayl Univ Medi Cent) 2010; 23(4): 349-54.

Whitaker RH. Urological trauma. Ann Acad Med Singapore 1992; 21(2): 258-62.

Norton, Robyn, Hyder AA, Bishai D, Peden M. Unintentional injuries. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006. Chapter 39.

Towner E, Towner J. UNICEF's child injury league table. An analysis of legislation: more mixed messages. Inj Prev 2002; 8(2): 97-100. [CrossRef]

Peden MM, Oyegbite K, Ozanne-Smith J, Hyder AA, Branche C, Rahman AKMF, et al. World Report on Child Injury Prevention. World Health Organization, 2008.

Hodgson NF, Stewart TC, Girotti MJ. Autopsies and death certification in deaths due to blunt trauma: what are we missing? Can J Surg 2000; 43(2): 130-6.

Jha N, Srinivasa DK, Roy G, Jagdish S. Epidemiological study of road traffic accident cases: A study from South India. Indian J Community Med 2004; 29(1): 20-4.

Geetha O, Girish S. A comparative study of clinical and autopsy findings (clinical audit) in 100 cases died of trauma. 2010; 32(2): 157-9.

Yaghoobi Notash, Aidin, et al. Evaluation of trauma patterns and their related factors in Besat Hospital in Sanandaj in 2012. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences 2014; 19(1): 99-107.

Shahla, A., and S. Charehsaz. Injuries resulting from motorcycle-induced trauma during two years in Shahid Motahari Clinical Center of URMIA. IJFM 2006; 12(2): 79-83.

Kaynak Göster

827 658

Arşiv
Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Discovery of a Small Primary Tumor on the Appendix Tip in a Patient with Liver Neuroendocrine Metastases via Ga-68 DOTA-TATE PET/CT Images

ÜMMÜHAN ABDÜLREZZAK, Mustafa KULA, AHMET TUTUŞ

A Rare and Unexpected Cause of Pulmonary Hypertension: Pulmonary Capillary Hemangiomatosis

GONCA KOÇ, Selim DOĞANAY, NURİ TUTAR, OLGUN KONTAŞ, İNCİ GÜLMEZ, Mehmet Sait DOĞAN, SÜREYYA BURCU GÖRKEM, Abdulhakim COŞKUN

Following Autopsy Results in Patients who died of Unintentional Trauma

Mahboub POURAGHAEİ, Bahram SAMADİ RAD, Shahryar Hashem ZADEH, Payman MOHARRAMZADEH, Samad Shams VAHDATI, Zahed MAGHSUDİ

A case of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis with Multisystemic Involvement in an Adult Patient

Beril GÜLÜŞ DEMİREL, Nilgün Solak TEKİN, FİGEN BARUT, Müzeyyen ASLANER, RAFET KOCA, Duygu GENCER

Hemochromatosis Presenting with Diabetic Ketoacidosis: A Rare Case Report

Deepak JAIN, VK KATYAL, Ashima MİTTAL, Promil JAIN

Prevalence of Modified Lothrop (Draf-III) Frontal Sinus Surgery Indications in Iran and their Association with Symptom Release

Peyman BOROOMAND, Masoumeh SAEEDİ, Hamidreza KARİMİ-SARİ, Seyed Hadi Samimi ARDESTANİ, Mojtaba Mohammadi ARDEHALİ, Mahdi RAMEZANİ-BİNABAJ

Humans as a Source of Colistin Resistance: In Silico Analysis of Public Metagenomes for the mcr-1 Gene in the Gut Microbiome

AYCAN GÜNDOĞDU, Özkan Ufuk NALBANTOĞLU

Pericardioperitoneal Fenestration for Chylopericardium

AYDIN TUNÇAY, Yiğit AKÇALI, Faruk SERHATLIOĞLU, Rıfat ÖZMEN, Özer GAZİOĞLU