Orta Düzey Yönetim/Yönetici Üzerine Bir Literatür Araştırması

Bu çalışmanın amacı, orta düzey yönetim/yönetici kimliğini ve bu yönetim düzeyinin örgütteki rollerini ortaya koyarak literatüre katkı sağlamaktır. Ayrıca stratejinin belirlenmesi ve uygulanması sürecine orta düzey yönetimin katılımı ve bunun performans üzerindeki olumlu sonuçlarına dair daha derin bir anlayış geliştirmeyi amaçlamaktadır. Bu doğrultuda, “orta düzey yönetim/yönetici” ve “orta düzey yöneticilerin rolleri” ile stratejik yönetim bağlamında bu konuyu ele alan, Google ve akademik veri tabanındaki dergiler üzerinden 1975-2017 yılları arasında yayınlanmış olup, ulaşılabilen ulusal ve uluslararası çalışmaların genel bir değerlendirilmesi yapılmıştır. Öncelikle bu konuda yapılan ulusal çalışmaların uluslararası çalışmalara göre azlığı dikkat çekmektedir. Araştırma sonuçlarına göre tüm yazarlar, orta düzey yönetimin üst düzey ile alt düzey yönetim arasında bulunan geniş bir yönetim grubu olduğu konusunda hemfikirdir. Ayrıca, orta düzey yönetim/yöneticiler diğer düzeylerden işlev, organizasyon yapısı ve araştırmacıların eğilimi olmak üzere üç noktada farklılaşmaya gider. Orta düzey yönetim/yöneticilerin rolleri arasında önemli düzeyde örtüşme vardır ve rollerin kapsamı örgütsel bağlam, zaman ve yöneticilerin tutumuna bağlı olarak şekillenmektedir. Araştırmacılar söz konusu yöneticilerin özellikle iletişim ve işbirliği rolüne vurgu yaparken, karar verme rolünü göz ardı etmişlerdir.

A literature Review on Middle Management/Manager

The aim of this study is to contribute to the literature by revealing the middle level management/manager identity and the role of this management level in the organization. It also aims to develop a deeper understanding of the involvement of mid-level management in the process of identification and implementation of strategy and its positive results on performance. In this respect “middle level management/manager” and “roles of middle level managers” and in the context of strategic management and published in the journals in the Google and academic database between 1975-2017 and an overall evaluation of national and International studies was made. First of all, the lack of national studies on this subject is remarkable compared to International Studies. According to the results of the research, all authors agree that mid-level management is a large management group that exists between senior and senior management. In addition, mid-level management/managers differ from other levels at three points: function, organizational structure and the tendency of researchers. Mid-level management/managers have significant overlap between roles and the scope of roles is shaped by organizational context, time and the attitude of managers. Researchers have ignored the role of decision making, especially when emphasizing the role of communication and collaboration of these managers.

Kaynakça

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Kaynak Göster