Yalın Üretim Tekniklerinin Tedarikçi Performansını Biçimleyici Etkisinin Araştırılması: Türkiye'deki Otomotiv Tedarikçileri Uzerine Nicel Bir Çalışma

Bu çalışmanın amacı stratejik ortaklık, bilgi teknolojileri ve yalın üretim tekniklerinin tedarikçilerin performansı üzerindeki etkilerini yapısal eşitlik modeli (YEM) analizi ile araştırmaktır. Araştırma verileri Türkiye'deki 207 otomotiv tedarikçisi firmadan temin edilmiştir. Yalın üretim tekniklerinin uygulanmasının ve bilgi teknolojisi araçlarından faydalanılmasının tedarikçinin operasyonel performansına olumlu etkisi olduğu, stratejik ortaklık ile operasyonel performans arasındaki ilişkide ise yalın üretim uygulamaların biçimleyici etkisi dışında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişki bulunmadığı ortaya konmuştur. Sonuç olarak, bu araştırma yalın üretim tekniklerinin uygulanmasının tedarikçi firmalara sağladığı faydaları ve söz konusu tekniklerin önemini ortaya koymaktadır.

Exploring the Moderating Role of Lean Production on Supplier Performance: An Empirical Study of Turkish Automotive Part Suppliers

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of strategic partnership, information technology and lean production techniques on the operational performance of Turkish automotive part suppliers by conducting a Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) path analysis. Survey data was gathered from 207 automotive part suppliers in Turkey. It was observed that internal lean production techniques implementation level and information technology tools had a positive effect on a supplier's operational performance, whereas no significant statistical relationship was found between strategic partnership and operational performance, except for the condition where the moderating effect of internal lean production techniques was involved. Consequently, this research verifies the importance and benefits of implementing lean production techniques for supplier firms.

Kaynakça

Akkermans, H.A., Bogerd, P., Yücesan, E., and van Wassenhove, L.N. (2003). "The Impact of ERP on Supply Chain Management: Exploratory Findings from European Delphi Study," European Journal of Operational Research, 146(2): 284-301.

Anderson, J.C. and Gerbing, D.W. (1988). "Structural Equation Modelling in Practice: Review and Recommended Two-Step Approach," Psychological Bulletin, 103(3): 411-423.

Arkader, R. (2001). "The Perspective of Suppliers on Lean Supply in Developing Country Context," Integrated Manufacturing Systems, 12(2): 87-93.

Bortolotti, T., Danese, P., and Romano, P. (2013). "Assessing the Impact of Just-In--Time on Operational Performance at Varying Degrees of Repetitiveness," International Journal ofProduction Research, 51(4):1117-1130.

Bruun, P. and Mefford, RN. (2004). "Lean Production and the Internet," International Journal of Production Economics, 89(3): 247-260.

Cao, M., Vonderembse, M.A., Zhang, Q., and Ragu--Nathan, TS. (2010). "Supply Chain Collaboration: Conceptualisation and Instrument Development," International Journal of Production Research, 48(22): 6613-6635.

Chen, I.] and Paulraj, A. (2004). "Towards Theory of Supply Chain Management: The Constructs and Measurements," Journal of Operations Management, 22(2): 119150.

Cook, L.S., Heiser, D.R., and Sengupta, K. (2011). "The Moderating Effect of Supply Chain Role on the Relationship Between Supply Chain Practices and Performance: An Empirical Analysis," International Journal ofPhysical Distribution Logistics Management, 41(2): 104-134.

Corsten, D. and Felde, J. (2005). "Exploring the Performance Effects of Key-Supplier Collaboration: An Empirical Investigation into Swiss Buyer-Supplier Relationships," International Journal ofPhysical Distribution Logistics Management, 35(6): 445461.

Cousins, P.D. and Menguc, B. (2006). "The Implications of Socialization and Integration in Supply Chain Management," Journal of Operations Management, 24(5): 604-620.

Dyer, J.H. (1996). "Specialized Supplier Networks as Source of Competitive Advantage: Evidence from the Auto Industry," Strategic Management Journal, 17(4): 271-291.

Feng, T., Li, T., Sun, L., and Wang, D. (2013). "External Involvement and Operational Performance: The Mediating Role of Internal Integration," Chinese Management Studies, 7(3): 488-507.

Frazier, P.A., Tix, A.P., and Barron, K.E. (2004). "Testing Moderator and Mediator Effects in Counseling Psychology Research," Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51(1): 115-134.

Fynes, B., Voss, C., and Burca, S. (2005). "The Impact of Supply Chain Relationship Quality on Quality Performance," International Journal ofProduction Economics, 96(3): 339-354.

Gotzamani, K.D. and Theodorakioglou, Y.D. (2010). "Critical Barriers to the Implementation of Close Supplier--Buyer Relationships: The Case of Greek Manufacturing Industry," International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications: Leading Journal ofSupply Chain Management, 13(3): 21 1-224.

Gunasekaran, A., Lai, K.H., and Cheng, T.C.E. (2008). "Responsive Supply Chain: Competitive Strategy in Networked Economy," OMEGA The International Journal of Management Science, 36(4): 549-564.

Gunasekaran, A. and Ngai, E.W.T. (2004). "Information Systems in Supply Chain Integration and Management," European Journal of Operational Research, 159(2): 269-295.

Hair, .F., Black, W.C., Babin, B.] ., and Anderson, RE. (2010), Multivariate Data Analysis (7'h edition). New Jersey, USA: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Haleem, A., Sushil, Qadri, M.A., and Kumar, S. (2012). "Analysis of Critical Success Factors of World-Class Manufacturing Practices: An Application of Interpretative Structural Modelling and Interpretative Ranking Process," Production Planning Control, 23(10-11): 722-734.

Hicks, B.]. (2007). "Lean Information Management: Understanding and Eliminating Waste," International Journal ofInformation Management, 27(4): 233-249.

Hicks, B.] and Matthews, J. (2010). "The Barriers to Realising Sustainable Process Improvement: Root Cause Analysis of Paradigms for Manufacturing Systems Improvement," International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 23(7): 585-602.

Hodge, G.L., Goforth--Rose, K., ]oines, .A., and Thoney, K. (2011). "Adapting Lean Manufacturing Principles to the Textile Industry," Production Planning Control, 22 3): 237-247.

Holweg, M. and Pil, F.K. (2008). "Theoretical Perspectives on the Coordination of Supply Chains," Journal of Operations Management, 26(3): 389-406.

Hoyt, J. and Huq, F. (2000). "From Arms-Length to Collaborative Relationships in the Supply Chain: An Evolutionary Process," International Journal ofPhysical Distribution and Logistics Management, 30(9): 750-764.

Hsu, C.C., Kannan, V.R., Tan, K.C., and Leong, GK. (2008). "Information Sharing, Buyer-Supplier Relationships, and Firm Performance: Multi-Region Analysis," International Journal ofPhysical Distribution Logistics Management, 38(4): 296310.

Jayaram, J., Vickery, S., and Droge, C. (2008). "Relationship Building, Lean Strategy and Firm Performance: An Exploratory Study in the Automotive Supplier Industry," International Journal of Production Research, 46(20): 5633-5649.

Karakadllar, LS. and Sezen, B. (2012). "Are the Members of Auto Supply Chains Successful in Building Good Supplier-buyer Relationships? Survey of Turkish Automotive Industry." Paper presented at the 8'h International Strategic Management Conference (ISMC), Barcelona, Spain, (June).

Koufteros, X. A., Vonderembse, M.A., and Doll, W.]. (1998). "Developing Measures of Time-Based Manufacturing," Journal of Operations Management, 16(1): 21-41.

Krafcik, .F. (1988). "Triumph of the Lean Production System," Sloan Management Review, Fall: 41-52.

Li, S., Rao, S.S., Ragu-Nathan, T.S., and Ragu-Nathan, B. (2005). "Development and Validation of Measurement Instrument for Studying Supply Chain Management Practices," Journal of Operations Management, 23(6): 618-641.

Li, S., Ragu-Nathan, B., Ragu-Nathan, T.S., and Rao, S.S. (2006). "The Impact of Supply Chain Management Practices on Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance," OMEGA The International Journal ofManagement Science, 34(2): 107124.

Liker, J.K. (2004), The Toyota Way: 14 Management Principles. New York, USA: McGraw Hill.

Martinez-]urado, P.]. and Moyano-Fuentes, ]. (2014). "Key Determinants of Lean Production Adoption: Evidence from the Aerospace Sector," Production Planning and Control, 25(4): 332-345.

Moyano-Fuentes, ., Sacristan-Dı'az, M., and Martinez-]urado, P.]. (2012). "Cooperation in the Supply Chain and Lean Production Adoption: Evidence from the Spanish Automotive Industry," International Journal of Operations Production Management, 32(9): 1075-1096.

Nahm, A.Y., Vonderembse, M.A., and Koufteros, X.A. (2004). "The Impact of Organizational Culture on Time-Based Manufacturing and Performance," Decisions Sciences, 35(4): 579-607.

Olhager, J. and Prajogo, D. (2012). "The Impact of Manufacturing and Supply Chain Improvement Initiatives: Survey Comparing Make-to-Order and Make-to-Stock firms," OMEGA The International Journal ofManagement Science, 40(2): 159-165.

Panizzolo, R., Garengo, P., Shanna, M.K., and Gore, A. (2012). "Lean Manufacturing in Developing Countries: Evidence from Indian SMEs," Production Planning Control, 23(10-11): 769-788.

Paulraj, A., Lado, A.A., and Chen, I.] (2008). "Inter-Organizational Communication as Relational Competency: Antecedents and Performance Outcomes in Collaborative Buyer-Supplier Relationships," Journal of Operations Management, 26(1): 45-64.

Prahinski, C. and Benton, W.C. (2004). "Supplier Evaluations: Communication Strategies to Improve Supplier Performance," Journal of Operations Management, 22(1): 39-62.

Prajogo, D. and Olhager, J. (2012). "Supply Chain Integration and Performance: The Effects of LongTerm Relationships, Information Technology and Sharing, and Logistics Integration," International Journal ofProduction Economics, 135(1): 514522.

Riezebos, J., Warse, K., and Hicks, C. (2009). "Lean Production and Information Technology: Connection 0r Contradiction?" Computers in Industry, 60(4): 237-247.

Rosenzweig, E.D., Roth, A.V., and Dean Jr, J.W. (2003). "The Influence of an Integration Strategy on Competitive Capabilities and Business Performance: An Exploratory Study of Consumer Products Manufacturers," Journal of Operations Management, 21(4): 43 7-456.

Sakakibara, S., Flynn, BB, and Schroeder, R.G. (1993). "A Framework and Measurement Instrument for Just-In-Time Manufacturing," Production and Operations Management, 2(3): 177-194.

Sezen, B. (2008). "Relative Effects of Design, Integration and Information Sharing on Supply Chain Performance," Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 13(3): 233-240.

Sezen, B., Karakadllar, IS, and Büyükozkan, G. (2012). "Proposition of Model for Measuring Adherence to Lean Practices: Applied to Turkish Automotive Part Suppliers," International Journal ofProduction Research, 50(14): 3878-3 894.

Shah, R. and Ward, P.T. (2007). "Defining and Developing Measures of Lean Production," Journal of Operations Management, 25(4): 785-805.

Shin, H., Collier, D.A., and Wilson, D.D. (2000). "Supply Management Orientation and SupplierBuyer Performance," Journal of Operations Management, 18(3): 317-333.

Simatupang, T.M. and Sridharan, R. (2005). "The Collaboration Index: Measure for Supply Chain Collaboration," International Journal ofPhysical Distribution and Logistics Management, 35(1): 44-62.

Simpson, D.F. and Power, D.] (2005). "Use the Supply Relationship to Develop Lean and Green Suppliers," Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 10(1): 6068.

Singh, P.J and Power, D. (2009). "The Nature and Effectiveness of Collaboration Between Firms, Their Customers and Suppliers: Supply Chain Perspective," Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 14(3): 189-200.

Spekrnan, R.E., Kamauff r. J.W., and Myhr, N. (1998). "An Empirical Investigation into Supply Chain Management: perspective on partnerships," Supply Chain Management, 3(2): 53-67.

Stank, T., Crum, M. and Arango, M. (1999). "Benefits of Interflrm Coordination in Food Industry Supply Chains," Journal ofBusiness Logistics, 20(2): 21-41.

Swink, M., Narasimhan, R., and Wang, C. (2007). "Managing Beyond the Factory Walls: Effect of Four Types of Strategic Integration on Manufacturing Plant Performance," Journal of Operation Management, 25(1): 148-164.

Theodorakioglou, Y., Gotzamani, K., and Tsiolvas, G. (2006). "Supplier Management and its Relationship to Buyers' Quality Management," Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 11(2): 148-159.

Villena, V.H., Gomez-Mejia, LR, and Revilla, E. (2009). "The Decision of the Supply Chain Executive to Support or Impede Supply Chain Integration: Multidisciplinary Behavioral Agency Perspective," Decision Sciences, 40(4): 63 5-665.

Ward, P. and Zhou, H. (2006). "Impact of Information Technology Integration and Lean/Just--In-Time Practices on Lead-Time Performance," Decision Sciences, 37(2): 177-203.

Wiengarten, F., Humphreys, R, Cao, G., Fynes, B., and McKittrick, A. (2010). "Collaborative Supply Chain Practices and Performance: Exploring the Key Role of Information Quality," Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 15(6): 463-473.

Womack, J.P., Jones, D.T., and Roos, D. (1991). The Machine That Change The World: The Story of Lean Production, New York, USA: Harper-Prennial.

Kaynak Göster