Does Informal Knowledge Sharing Breed Innovation in Industrial Clusters?

Bu çalışma endüstriyel kümelerde sosyal bilgi paylaşımının firmaların yenilikçi performansı üzerine etkisini araştırmaktadır. Sosyal bilgi paylaşımından kastımız, kümelenmenin yarattığı ortak bilgiye istinaden belli bir coğrafi alanda faaliyet gösteren firmalar tarafından dolaysız, kazara ve belli bir amaç güdülmeden adeta otomatik olarak paylaşılan bilgidir. Paylaşılan bilginin ‘sosyal’ doğasını daha iyi yansıtmak adına güvene dayalı bilgi paylaşımı incelenmektedir. Bu anlamda mobilya imalatçıları ve mobilya mağazacıları arasındaki güvene dayalı bilgi paylaşımının bu firmaların yenilikçi performansına etkisi arasında ilişki kurulmuştur. Bunun için hem nitel hem de nicel yöntemler kullanılmıştır. 220 imalatçı ve 137 mağazacı firmadan elde edilen

Endüstriyel Kümelerde Sosyal Bilgi Paylaşımı Yenilikçilik Yaratır mı?

This study investigates the influence of informal knowledge sharing on the innovative performance of individual firms in an industrial cluster. By informal knowledge sharing, we mean to imply the knowledge that is shared automatically, indirectly, accidentally and unknowingly by firms in a geographically bounded area as part of the know-how common to all members in the cluster. To capture this ‘informality.’, we investigate the impact of trust-based knowledge sharing. In this respect, we associate trust-based knowledge sharing between furniture manufacturers and furniture retailers to their in- novative performance. While doing this, we make use of both qualitative and quantitative methods. Data from 220 manufacturers and 137 retailers suggest no association between informal knowledge sharing and innovative performance. We discuss our findings with respect to the interaction between contextual specifics and innovative effectiveness of knowledge sharing. Further, we try to identify those elements in the institutional envi- ronment of the cluster that are unfavorable to the production of innovation.

Kaynakça

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