The Relationship Between Median Age and Death Cases During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic: The Mediating Role of Current Health Expenditure

Objective: This study aimed to identify and define the relationships among the median ages of countries, their death cases, and current health expenditures [percentage (%) of gross domestic product (GDP)] during the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: We analyzed the mediating role of current health expenditures (% of GDP) in the relationship between median age and death cases. Data from 60 countries with the highest COVID-19 cases were analyzed. Correlation and hierarchical regression tests were used in the analyses. Results: The effect of the median ages of countries on COVID-19 death cases was 27.5%, and on current health expenditures was 56.3%. When the effect of the median age and current health expenditure variables on death cases was analyzed together, the effect of the median age was statistically insignificant and the effect of current health expenditures was 35.4%. Conclusion: It was determined that current health expenditures have a positive mediating effect on the relationship between COVID-19 deaths and the median age of countries. It was determined that health expenditures did not make any strategic contribution to reducing mortality rates. The results provide an original theoretical framework for countries that aim to develop national health care management strategies.

Koronavirüs Hastalığı 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemisinde Yaş Ortalaması ve Ölüm Olguları Arasındaki İlişki: Cari Sağlık Harcamalarının Aracılık Rolü (GSYİH’nin Yüzdesi)

Amaç: Bu çalışma, Coronavirüs hastalığı 2019 (COVİD-19) Pandemisi sırasında ülkelerin yaş ortalaması, ölüm olguları ve mevcut sağlık harcamaları [gayri safi yurt içi hasıla (GSYİH)’nin yüzdesi (%)] arasındaki ilişkileri belirlemeyi ve tanımlamayı amaçlamaktadır. Yöntemler: Mevcut sağlık harcamalarının (GSYİH’nin %’si), ülkelerin yaş ortalaması ve ölüm olguları arasındaki ilişki üzerindeki aracı rolü incelendi. COVİD-19 olgularının en yüksek olduğu 60 ülkenin verileri analiz edildi. Analizlerde korelasyon testleri ve hiyerarşik regresyon testleri kullanıldı. Bulgular: Ülkelerin yaş ortalamasının, COVİD-19 kaynaklı ölüm olguları üzerindeki etkisi %27,5, cari sağlık harcamaları üzerindeki etkisi ise %56,3 bulundu. Yaş ortalaması ve cari sağlık harcaması değişkenlerinin, ölüm olguları üzerindeki etkisi birlikte analiz edildiğinde, yaş ortalamasının etkisi istatistiksel olarak anlamsız, cari sağlık harcamalarının etkisi ise %35,4 olarak saptandı. Sonuç: COVİD-19 nedenli ölümlerle ülke yaş ortalamaları arasındaki ilişkide cari sağlık harcamalarının pozitif aracılık rolü olduğu saptandı. Yapılan sağlık harcamalarının ölüm oranlarını azaltmada stratejik bir katkı sağlamadığı tespit edildi. Sonuçlar, ulusal sağlık yönetimi stratejileri geliştirmeyi amaçlayan ülkeler için özgün bir teorik çerçeve sunmaktadır.

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Kaynak Göster

  • ISSN: 2148-2373
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 4 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2013
  • Yayıncı: Galenos Yayınevi

3.5b 2b

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