Nursing Approach Based on Watson’s Theory of Human Caring in Treatment Adherence in Hemodialysis Patients

Hemodialysis is the most common renal replacement therapy in the treatment of chronic kidney disease. Adherence to treatment is important in hemodialysis which is a complex treatment process. Adherence to treatment includes fluid intake, diet, drug management and participation in dialysis sessions. In hemodialysis patients, many problems may arise due to nonadherence to treatment. Watson’s Theory of Human Caring (THC) is the one of the important theories used to understand these problems and adaptation difficulties and to develop appropriate coping methods. Watson’s THC enables individuals to be evaluated in a holistic manner, adapt to the disease and treatment process, and recover. This review, which was prepared as a result of the literature review, was prepared to raise awareness about nursing care based on Watson’s THC in ensuring compliance with treatment in individuals undergoing hemodialysis therapy

Hemodiyaliz Hastalarında Tedaviye Uyumda Watson İnsan Bakım Kuramına Dayalı Hemşirelik Yaklaşımı

Hemodiyaliz, kronik böbrek hastalığının tedavisinde en sık uygulanan renal replasman tedavisidir. Karmaşık bir tedavi süreci olan hemodiyaliz yönteminde bireylerin tedaviye uyumu önemlidir. Tedaviye uyum süreci ise sıvı alımı, diyet, ilaç yönetimi ve diyaliz seansına katılımı içermektedir. Hemodiyaliz uygulanan bireylerde tedaviye uyumsuzluğa bağlı birçok sorun ortaya çıkabilmektedir. Bu sorunların ve uyum güçlüklerinin anlaşılması ve uygun başetme yöntemlerinin geliştirilmesi için yararlanılan önemli kuramlardan biri de Watson’ın İnsan Bakım Kuramı’dır (THC). Kuram bireylerin bütüncül olarak değerlendirilmesini, hastalık ve tedavi sürecine uyumunu ve iyileşmesini sağlamaktadır. Literatür taraması sonucu hazırlanan bu makale, hemodiyaliz tedavisi uygulanan bireylerde tedaviye uyumun sağlanmasında Watson’ın THC üzerinde temellendirilmiş hemşirelik bakımına ilişkin farkındalık oluşturmak amacıyla hazırlanmıştır.

Kaynakça

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