An aerosol air pollution episode affected by binary typhoons in east and central China

Previous studies have suggested that pollutant concentrations have the characteristics of initially rising and later falling in the main impact area of a typhoon. Whether this occurs in the typhoon's periphery or in zones even further away is still unknown. Based on ground observations of pollutant concentrations, meteorological parameters, aerosol optical depth, and WRF-Chem simulation, an aerosol air pollution episode affected by binary typhoons were analyzed over different regions in inland China. Before the typhoons made landfall, the weak surface winds and downdrafts were the crucial factors triggering the severe aerosol air pollution in east and central China. After landing, in the main impact area, aerosols were effectively removed due to precipitation scavenging and strong winds. However, beyond that area, the impact of the typhoons on pollution weakened with the increasing distance. Wuhan was at the edge of the typhoon impact zone, the changes of pollutant concentrations were similar to the main impact area, but the pollutants dispersed only due to the gales. Weinan site was farthest away from the typhoons, typhoons hardly affected the air quality. The results provide a scientific basis for understanding the mechanism between binary typhoons and aerosol air pollution and enable more accurate pollution alerts to be made during typhoons.


Ackermann, I.J., Hass, H., Memmesheimer, M., Ebel, A., Binkowski, F.S., Shankar, U., 1998. Modal aerosol dynamics model for Europe: development and first applications. Atmos. Environ. 32 (17), 2981–2999.

Anderson, J.O., Thundiyil, J.G., Stolbach, A., 2012. Clearing the air: a review of the effects of particulate matter air pollution on human health. J. Med. Toxicol. 8, 166–175.

Andronache, C., Chameides, W.L., Davis, D.D., Anderson, B.E., Pueschel, R.F., Bandy, A.R., Thornton, D.C., Talbot, R.W., Kasibhatla, P., Kiang, C.S., 1997. Gas-to-particle conversion of tropospheric sulfur as estimated from observations in the western North Pacific during PEM-West B. J. Geophys. Res. 102 (D23), 28511–28538.

Andreae, M.O., Rosenfeld, D., Artaxo, P., Costa, A.A., Frank, G.P., Longo, K.M., Silva-Dias, M.A.F., 2004. Smoking rain clouds over the amazon. Science 303 (5662), 1337–1342.

Asmi, E., Frey, A., Virkkula, A., Ehn, M., Manninen, H.E., Timonen, H., Tolonen-Kivimäki, O., Aurela, M., Hillamo, R., Kulmala, M., 2010. Hygroscopicity and chemical composition of Antarctic sub-micrometre aerosol particles and observations of new particle formation. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 10, 4253–4271.

Black, R.A., Hallett, J., 1999. Electrification of the hurricane. J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 2004–2028.

Chan, C.K., Yao, X., 2008. Air pollution in mega cities in China. Atmos. Environ. 42 (2008), 1–42.

Che, H., Zhang, X., Li, Y., Zhou, Z., Qu, J.J., Hao, X., 2009. Haze trends over the capital cities of 31 provinces in China, 1981-2005. Theor. Appl. Climatol. 97 (3), 235–242.

Chen, F., Dudhia, J., 2001. Coupling an advanced land surface hydrology model with the Penn state Ncar MM5 modeling system. part I: model implementation and sensitivity. Mon. Weather Rev. 129 (4), 569–585.

Chen, S.-C., Liao, C.-M., 2006. Health risk assessment on human exposed to environmental polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons pollution sources. Sci. Total Environ. 366 (2006), 112–123.

Ding, Y.H., Liu, Y.J., 2014. Analysis of long-term variations of fog and haze in China in recent 50 years and their relations with atmospheric humidity. Sci. Chin. Ser. D Earth Sci. 57 (1), 36–46.

Ding, Y., Liu, Y., Ying, S., Song, Y., 2010. Weakening of the Asian summer monsoon and its impact on the precipitation pattern in China. Int. J. Water Resour. Dev. 26 (3), 423–439.

Ding, Y., Wang, Z., Sun, Y., 2008. Inter-decadal variation of the summer precipitation in East China and its association with decreasing Asian summer monsoon. Part I: observed evidences. Int. J. Climatol. 28, 1139–1161.

Dudhia, J., 1989. Numerical study of convection observed during the winter monsoon experiment using a mesoscale two-dimensional model. J. Atmos. Sci. 46, 3077–3107.

Fang, G.-C., Lin, S.-J., Chang, S.-Y., Chou, C.-C.K., 2009. Effect of typhoon on atmospheric particulates in autumn in central Taiwan. Atmos. Environ. 43 (2009), 6039–6048.

Fujiwhara, S., 1921. The natural tendency towards symmetry of motion and its application as a principle in meteorology. Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 47 (200), 287–292.

Gan, C.-M., Pleim, J., Mathur, R., Hogrefe, C., Long, C.N., Xing, J., Roselle, S., Wei, C., 2014. Assessment of the effect of air pollution controls on trends in shortwave radiation over the United States from 1995 through 2010 from multiple observation networks. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 14, 1701–1715.

Grell, G.A., Dudhia, J., Stauffer, D.R., 1994. A description of the fifth-generation Penn State/NCAR mesoscale model (MM5) NCAR.Tech. Note 117 NCAR/TN–398 + STR (1994).

Han, R., Wang, S., Shen, W., Wang, J., Wu, K., Ren, Z., Feng, M., 2016. Spatial and temporal variation of haze in China from 1961 to 2012. J. Environ. Sci. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/j.jes.2015.12.033.

Hong, S.Y., Noh, Y., Dudhia, J., 2006. A new vertical diffusion package with an explicit treatment of entrainment processes. Mon. Weather Rev. 134, 2318–2341.

Kampa, M., Castanas, E., 2008. Human health effects of air pollution. Environ. Pollut. 151 (2008), 362–367.

Koren, I., Kaufman, Y.J., Remer, L.A., Martins, J.V., 2004. Measurement of the effect of amazon smoke on inhibition of cloud formation. Science 303 (5662), 1342–1345.

Lau, K.-M., Ramanathan, V., Wu, G.-X., Li, Z., Tsay, S.C., Hsu, C., Sikka, R., Holben, B., Lu, D., Tartari, G., Chin, M., Koudelova, P., Chen, H., Ma, Y., Huang, J., Taniguchi, K., Zhang, R., 2008. The joint aerosol-monsoon experiment. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 89 (3), 369–383.

Levy, I., Mahrer, Y., Dayan, U., 2009. Coastal and synoptic recirculation affecting air pollutants dispersion: a numerical study. Atmos. Environ. 43 (12), 1991–1999.

Li, M., Zhang, Q., Kurokawa, J.-I., Woo, J.-H., He, K., Lu, Z., Ohara, T., Song, Y., Streets, D.G., Carmichael, G.R., Cheng, Y., Hong, C., Huo, H., Jiang, X., Kang, S., Liu, F., Su, H., Zheng, B., 2015. MIX: a mosaic Asian anthropogenic emission inventory for the MICS-Asia and the HTAP projects. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 17, 935–963.

Li, Q., Zhang, R., Wang, Y., 2016. Interannual variation of the wintertime fog–haze days across central and eastern China and its relation with East Asian winter monsoon. Int. J. Climatol. 36, 346–354.

Menon, S., Hansen, J., Nazarenko, L., Luo, Y., 2002. Climate effects of black carbon aerosols in China and India. Science 297 (5590), 2250–2253.

Mlawer, E.J., Taubman, S.J., Brown, P.D., Iacono, M.J., Clough, S.A., 1997. Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 102 (D14), 16663–16682.

Morrison, H., Thompson, G., Tatarskii, V., 2009. Impact of cloud microphysics on the development of trailing stratiform precipitation in a simulated squall line: comparison of one- and two-moment schemes. Mon. Weather Rev. 137 (3), 991–1007.

Park, R.J., Jacob, D.J., Field, B.D., Yantosca, R.M., Chin, M., 2004. Natural and transboundary pollution influences on sulfate-nitrate-ammonium aerosols in the United States: implications for policy. J. Geophy. Res. 109, D15204. 1029/2003JD004473.

Qiao, T., Zhao, M., Xiu, G., Yu, J., 2016. Simultaneous monitoring and compositions analysis of PM1 and PM2.5 in Shanghai: implications for characterization of haze pollution and source apportionment. Sci. Total Environ. 557–558 (2016), 386–394.

Ramanathan, V., Crutzen, P.J., Kiehl, J.T., Rosenfeld, D., 2001. Aerosols, climate, and the hydrological cycle. Science 294 (5549), 2119–2124.

Rosenfeld, D., 2000. Suppression of rain and snow by urban and industrial air pollution. Science 287 (5459), 1793–1796.

Shu, L., Xie, M., Wang, T., Gao, D., Chen, P., Han, Y., Li, S., Zhuang, B., Li, M., 2016. Integrated studies of a regional ozone pollution synthetically affected by subtropical high and typhoon system in the Yangtze River Delta region, China. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 16, 15801–15819.

Stockwell, W.R., Middleton, P., Chang, J.S., Tang, X., 1990. The second generation regional acid deposition model chemical mechanism for regional air quality modeling. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos. 95, 16343–16367.

Stohl, A., Forster, C., Huntrieser, H., Mannstein, H., Mcmillan, W.W., Petzold, A., Schlager, H., Weinzierl, B., 2007. Aircraft measurements over Europe of an air pollution plume from Southeast Asia–aerosol and chemical characterization. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 7, 913–937.

Ulas, I., Mete, T., Orhan, Y., 2006. Analysis of major photochemical pollutants with meteorological factors for high ozone days in Istanbul, Turkey. Water Air Soil Pollut. 175, 335–359.

Wang, H., Tian, M., Li, X., Chang, Q., Cao, J., Yang, F., Ma, Y., He, K., 2015. Chemical composition and light extinction contribution of PM2.5 in urban Beijing for a 1-year period. Aerosol Air Qual. Res. 15, 2200–2211. 04.0257.

Wang, H., Xu, J., Zhang, M., Yang, Y., Shen, X., Wang, Y., Chen, D., Guo, J., 2014. A study of the meteorological causes of a prolonged and severe haze episode in January 2013 over central-eastern China. Atmos. Environ. 98, 146–157.

Wei, X., Lam, K.-S., Cao, C., Li, H., He, J., 2016. Dynamics of the typhoon Haitang related high ozone episode over Hong Kong. Adv. Meteorol. 2016. 1155/2016/6089154.

Wu, D., Tie, X., Li, C., Ying, Z., Lau, A.K.-H., Huang, J., Deng, X., Bi, X., 2005. An extremely low visibility event over the Guangzhou Region: a case study. Atmos. Environ. 39 (2005), 6568–6577.

Xu, M., Chang, C.-P., Fu, C., Qi, Y., Robock, A., Robinson, D., Zhang, H.-M., 2006. Steady decline of East Asian monsoon winds, 1969–2000: evidence from direct ground measurements of wind speed. J. Geophys. Res. 111, D24111. 1029/2006JD007337.

Xu, Q., 2001. Abrupt change of the mid-summer climate in central east China by the influence of atmospheric pollution. Atmos. Environ. 35 (2001), 5029–5040.

Xu, W.Y., Zhao, C.S., Ran, L., Deng, Z.Z., Liu, P.F., Ma, N., Lin, W.L., Xu, X.B., Yan, P., He, X., Yu, J., Liang, W.D., Chen, L.L., 2011. Characteristics of pollutants and their correlation to meteorological conditions at a suburban site in the North China Plain. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 11, 4353–4369.

Yan, J., Chen, L., Qi, L., Zhao, S., Zhang, M., 2016. Effect of typhoon on atmospheric aerosol particle pollutants accumulation over Xiamen, China. Chemosphere 159 (2016), 244–255.

Yang, J.X., Lau, A.K.H., Fung, J.C.H., Zhou, W., Wenig, M., 2012. An air pollution episode and its formation mechanism during the tropical cyclone Nuri's landfall in a coastal city of south China. Atmos. Environ. 54 (2012), 746–753.

Zhang, J.P., Zhu, T., Zhang, Q.H., Li, C.C., Shu, H.L., Ying, Y., Dai, Z.P., Wang, X., Liu, X.Y., Liang, A.M., Shen, H.X., Yi, B.Q., 2012. The impact of circulation patterns on regional transport pathways and air quality over Beijing and its surroundings. Atmos. Chem. Phys. 12, 5031–5053.

Zhang, R., Li, G., Fan, J., Wu, D.L., Molina, M.J., 2007. Intensification of pacific storm track linked to Asian pollution. Proc. Nati. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 104 (13), 5295–5299.

Zhu, J., Liao, H., Li, J., 2012. Increases in aerosol concentrations over eastern China due to the decadal-scale weakening of the East Asian summer monsoon. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L09809.


Atmospheric Pollution Research
  • ISSN: 1309-1042
  • Yayın Aralığı: Yılda 12 Sayı
  • Başlangıç: 2010


Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Characteristics of airborne lead in Hangzhou, southeast China: Concentrations, species, and source contributions based on Pb isotope ratios and synchrotron X-ray fluorescence based factor analysis

Jing FANG, Jia M. FAN, Qi LİNA, Yi Y. WANG, Xi HE, Xiao D. SHEN, Dong L. CHEN

Panel estimation for the impacts of residential characteristic factors on CO2 emissions from residential sector in China


Air microbial quality in certain public buildings, Egypt: A comparative study

Abdel Hameed AWAD, Yuosra SAEED, Yasser HASSAN, Yousef FAWZY, Mohamed OSMAN

Multi-elemental analysis of particulate matter samples collected by a particle-into-liquid sampler


Effects of synoptic circulation patterns on air quality in Nanjing and its surrounding areas during 2013–2015

Chengjun ZHOU, Gang WEİ, Jie XİANG, Kaifeng ZHANG, Chengcai Lİ, Jiping ZHANG

Total carbon and benzo(a)pyrene in particulate matter over a Polish urban site – A combined effect of major anthropogenic sources and air mass transport

Patrycja SİUDEK

Single-particle analysis of industrial emissions brings new insights for health risk assessment of PM

Vincent DAPPE, Gaëlle UZU, Eva SCHRECK, Li WU, Xue Lİ Lİ, Camille DUMAT, Myriam MOREAU, Benjamin HANOUNE, Chul-Un RO, Sophie SOBANSKA

A first annual assessment of air quality modeling over Lebanon using WRF/ Polyphemus


Effects of land use and landscape pattern on PM2.5 in Yangtze River Delta, China

Debin LU, Dongyang YANG, Wanliu MAO, Jianan ZHAO, Jianhua XU

Imbalanced nitrogen and phosphorus deposition in the urban and forest environments in southeast Tibet

Wei WANG, Xuejun LİU, Jin XU, Anthony J. DORE, Wen XU