Nose asymmetry correlates with external nose volume and area: 3D analysis of nasal dimensions in a young Turkish population

Objectives: The nose is a critical facial feature from the cosmetic and functional point of view. The effect of size and symmetry of the nose on beauty and function is a matter of concern for surgeons. In the present study, we performed 3D analysis of nose dimensions and investigated the correlation among them. Methods: Facial mask of 40 (20 males and 20 females) young Turkish adults aged between19 and 26 years were recorded with a 3D scanner. Nose asymmetry, external nose volume, nose area, anatomical nasal index, nasal protrusion index, body height, body weight and body mass index were measured. The correlations among these measurements were investigated. Results: The external nose surface area was measured as 18.2±2.1 cm2 and external nose volume as 8.1±1.3 cm3. A significant correlation was found between nose asymmetry value and external nose surface area (r=0.33, p=0.03), and also between nose asymmetry value and external nose volume (p=0.34, r=0.03). Conclusion: Our study presents 3D quantitative data regarding nasal dimensions and correlation between the nose size and symmetry.

Kaynakça

Grammer K, Thornhill R. Human (Homo sapiens) facial attractiveness and sexual selection: the role of symmetry and averageness. J Comp Psychol 1994;108:233–42.

Perrett DI, Burt DM, Penton-Voak IS, Lee KJ, Rowland DA, Edwards R. Symmetry and human facial attractiveness. Evol Hum Behav 1999;20:295–307.

Rhodes G. The evolutionary psychology of facial beauty. Annu Rev Psychol 2006;57:199–226.

Alsarraf R. Outcomes research in facial plastic surgery: a review and new directions. Aesthetic Plast Surg 2000;24:192–7.

Ozsoy U, Demirel BM, Yildirim FB, Tosun O, Sarikcioglu L. Method selection in craniofacial measurements: advantages and disadvantages of 3D digitization method. J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2009;37:285–90.

Tzou CHJ, Frey M. Evolution of 3D surface imaging systems in facial plastic surgery. Facial Plast Surg Cl. 2011;19:591–602.

Farkas LG. Anthropometry of the head and face. New York: Raven Press; 1994. p. 20–5; 103–11.

Farkas LG. Accuracy of anthropometric measurements: past, present, and future. Cleft Palate-Cran J 1996;33:10–8.

Sukno FM, Waddington JL, Whelan PF. Comparing 3D descriptors for local search of craniofacial landmarks. Adv Vis Comput 2012; 7432:92–103.

Toma AM, Zhurov A, Playle R, Ong E, Richmond S. Reproducibility of facial soft tissue landmarks on 3D laser-scanned facial images. Orthod Craniofac Res 2009;12:33–42.

Kornreich D, Mitchell AA, Webb BD, Cristian I, Jabs EW. Quantitative assessment of facial asymmetry using three-dimensional surface imaging in adults: validating the precision and repeatability of a global approach. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2016;53:126–31.

Patel A, Islam SM, Murray K, Goonewardene MS. Facial asymmetry assessment in adults using three-dimensional surface imaging. Prog Orthod 2015;16:36.

Taylor HO, Morrison CS, Linden O, Phillips B, Chang J, Byrne ME, Sullivan SR, Forrest CR. Quantitative facial asymmetry: using three-dimensional photogrammetry to measure baseline facial surface symmetry. J Craniofac Surg 2014;25:124–8.

Ozsoy U. Comparison of different calculation methods used to analyze facial soft tissue asymmetry: global and partial 3-dimensional quantitative evaluation of healthy subjects. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016;74:1847 e1–9.

de Menezes M, Rosati R, Ferrario VF, Sforza C. Accuracy and reproducibility of a 3-dimensional stereophotogrammetric imaging system. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2010;68:2129–35.

Weinberg SM, Scott NM, Neiswanger K, Brandon CA, Marazita ML. Digital three-dimensional photogrammetry: evaluation of anthropometric precision and accuracy using a Genex 3D camera system. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2004;41:507–18.

Uzun A, Akbas H, Bilgic S, Emirzeoglu M, Bostanci O, Sahin B, Bek Y. The average values of the nasal anthropometric measurements in 108 young Turkish males. Auris Nasus Larynx 2006;33:31–5.

Mohammed Ali MH. External nasal parameters in Egyptians: an indepth nasal photogrammatic analysis. Surg Radiol Anat 2014;36:633– 41.

Ferrario VF, Sforza C, Poggio CE, Schmitz JH. Three-dimensional study of growth and development of the nose. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1997;34:309–17.

Heidari Z, Mahmoudzadeh-Sagheb H, Khammar T, Khammar M. Anthropometric measurements of the external nose in 18–25-yearold Sistani and Baluch aborigine women in the southeast of Iran. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2009;68:88–92.

Sforza C, Grandi G, De Menezes M, Tartaglia GM, Ferrario VF. Age- and sex-related changes in the normal human external nose. Forensic Sci Int 2011;204:1–3.

Ozdemir ST, Sigirli D, Ercan I, Cankur NS. Photographic facial soft tissue analysis of healthy Turkish young adults: anthropometric measurements. Aesthetic Plast Surg 2009;33:175–84.

Hall RL. Energetics of nose and mouth breathing, body size, body composition, and nose volume in young adult males and females. Am J Hum Biol 2005;17:321–30.

Burke PH, Hughes-Lawson CA. Stereophotogrammetric study of growth and development of the nose. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop 1989;96:144–51.

Thornhill R, Gangestad SW. Human facial beauty - averageness, symmetry, and parasite resistance. Hum Nature-Int Bios 1993;4:237– 69.

Langlois JH, Roggman LA, Musselman L. What is average and what is not average about attractive faces. Psychol Sci 1994;5:214–20.

Kowner R. Facial asymmetry and attractiveness judgment in developmental perspective. J Exp Psychol Human 1996;22:662–75.

Rhodes G, Proffitt F, Grady JM, Sumich A. Facial symmetry and the perception of beauty. Psychon B Rev 1998;5:659–69.

Zebrowitz LA, Voinescu L, Collins MA. Wide eyed and crooked faced: determinants of perceived and real honesty across the lifespan. Int J Psychol 1996;31:249.1.

Eisenbarth H, Alpers GW. Eyes and mouth: competing for attention in emotional faces. J Psychophysiol 2006;20:130–1.

Langlois JH, Roggman LA. Attractive faces are only average. Psychol Sci 1990;1:115–21.

Symons D. The evolution of human-sexuality. Behav Brain Sci 1980;3:171–81.

Cunningham MR, Barbee AP, Pike CL. What do women want? Facialmetric assessment of multiple motives in the perception of male facial physical attractiveness. J Pers Soc Psychol 1990;59:61–72.

Kaynak Göster

118 45

Arşiv
Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

Anatomical variations of the circle of Willis: evaluation with CT angiography

Hilal ŞAHİN, Yeliz PEKÇEVİK

Unusually located inferior lateral genicular artery and an abnormally attached soleus with the absence of plantaris muscle

ÖZLEM ELVAN, ORHAN BEGER, ZELİHA KURTOĞLU OLGUNUS

Sella turcica variations in lateral cephalometric radiographs and their association with malocclusions

HALE ÖKTEM, N. İrem TUNCER, Tuğçe ŞENÇELİKEL, Z. İlayda BAĞCI, Sude CESARETLİ, Almina ARSLAN, Ilgaz Tuana GÜRSEL, Bengisu DEĞİRMENCİ

Intervertebral disc heights and concavity index of the lumbar spine in young healthy adults

MEHMET DEMİR, EMRE ATAY, Nurten SERİNGEÇ, ATİLA YOLDAŞ, MUSTAFA ÇİÇEK, Rodi ERTUĞRUL, BÜLENT GÜNERİ

Correlation between gross morphology of the human placenta and birth weight in normotensive and pre-eclamptic pregnancies in Northwest Ethiopia

Shibabaw TEDLA TİRUNEH

Foetal hepatorenal toxicity and intrauterine growth retardation in pregnant Wistar rats treated with artemether

Idorenyin UDO UMOH, Etukudoh OKON JİMMY

Nose asymmetry correlates with external nose volume and area: 3D analysis of nasal dimensions in a young Turkish population

UMUT ÖZSOY, LÜTFİYE BİKEM SÜZEN

The Mind Within the Brain: How We Make Decisions and How Those Decisions Go Wrong by David Redish Hard cover, 23.4x3.3x16.5 cm, 377 pages, ISBN: 978-1118570708; Oxford University Press, 2013 Anatomy 2018;12(1):56 ©2018 Turkish Society of Anatomy and Clinical Anatomy (TSACA)

GÜLGÜN ŞENGÜL

A rare anastomotic artery between right and left common iliac arteries: iliac anastomotic artery

Mehmet Ali İKİDAĞ, Mehmet Ali CÜCE, Şinasi ÖZKILIÇ, Erdal UYSAL, Salih Murat AKKIN

Evaluation of attitudes and knowledge of Kocaeli University medical students on dissection, brain death and organ donation

BELGİN BAMAÇ, MEHMET DENİZ YENER, TUNCAY ÇOLAK, RABİA TAŞDEMİR, ELİF AKSU, Dilşat GÜZELORDU, İSMAİL SİVRİ, ABDULLAH ÖRS, SERAP ÇOLAK