Sinsice İşlenen Bir Suç: Madde ile Kolaylaştırılmış Cinsel Saldırılar ve Fail Tipolojisi

Madde ile Kolaylaştırılmış Cinsel Saldırı (MKCS), mağdur alkol ve/veya herhangi başka psikoaktif madde etkisindeyken veya sedasyon ve hipnotik etkisi bulunan başka psikoaktif maddeler aracılığıyla mağdurun faile karşı koyamaz duruma geldiğinde yönlendirdiği cinsel saldırı türüdür. MKCS, cinsel saldırının doğası gereği mağdurun bilincini kazandıktan sonra durumu bildirmesinden ötürü titiz bir çalışmayı gerektirir.Bu çalışmanın amacı maddeyle kolaylaştırılmış cinsel saldırının faili konumunda bulunan bireylere risk faktörlerini ve yine suça neden olan olası ruhsal ve kişilik bozukluklarını literatür temelli incelemek; suç ve davranış bilimlerine, penolojik müdahalelere ve rehabilitasyon girişimlerine farklı bir bakış açısı oluşturarak katkı sağlayabilmektir.MKCS’nin faili herhangi bir psikopatolojisi olmayan sağlıklı bireyler de olabilmektedir. Ancak ya-pılan çalışmalarda ortaya çıkan birtakım bulgulara göre fail, olguya özgü farklı kişilik özellikleri gös-terebilmektedir. MKCS failleri meydana getirdikleri davranışın yasadışı olduğunun farkındadır ancak bu davranışlarını kendi etik yargılarına göre yanlış bulmamaktadır. MKCS, yüksek düzeyde davranış bilimleri ve toksikoloji bilgisi gerektirmektedir. Failin sahip olduğu bu nitelikler, amacına ulaşmasında ve sonrasında adli süreç için en önemli tanık olan mağdurun yaşadıklarının farkına varmaması adına faile kolaylık sağlamaktadır.Sonuç olarak MKCS’nin iyi bir tanımının yapılması bu olgulara yaklaşımlar açısından önemlidir. Kapsamlı ve araştırmacılar tarafından kabul gören bir tanım gelecekte yapılacak araştırmalar ve top-lumsal farkındalık için oldukça faydalı olacaktır. Ülkemizde ne yazık ki modern anlamda Cinsel Saldırı Kriz Merkezlerinin olmayışı cinsel saldırı olgularında mağdur için gerekli olan tıbbi, psiko-sosyal ve hukuki desteğin sağlanmasına engel teşkil etmektedir. MKCS gibi cinsel saldırı türlerine ve bunların sonuçlarına dikkat çekilmeli, gerekli merkezler ve bilinçlendirme kampanyaları ile bu konular gündemde tutulmalıdır.

A Predatory Crime: Drug Facilitated Sexual Assaults and Perpetrator Typology

Drug Facilitated Sexual Assault (DFSA) is a type of sexual assault which occurs when victim is vul-nerable to perpetrator’s attack due to sedation and hypnotic effects of the higher amount of consumption of alcohol and/or another psychoactive drug. By its very nature of sexual assault, DFSA has to be taken carefully after the victim restores his/her consciousness.The aim is to contribute to the Crime and Behavioral Sciences, penological interventions and re-habilitation attempts by examining how the perpetrators’ risk factors, possible mental or personality disorders in their developmental history and perpetrators’ characteristics affect the sexual offenses based on recent literature.The perpetrator of DFSA can be a person that has any other psychopathological history. However, according to some research results perpetrator may portray different characteristics for each case. Even if the perpetrator of DFSA acknowledges the behavior of himself/herself, he/she does not give any moral reaction to alleged behavior. DFSA requires high knowledge of behavioral sciences and toxicology. Those requirements of perpetrator help him/her by making victims unconsciousness and let him/her get what he/she desires. After all the victim may or may not realize what does happen to him/her.To sum up it is important to have a firm definition of DFSA in order to approach profoundly to those incidents. An extensive definition will be useful for the latter researches. Due to the fact that Turkey has not got any Sexual Assault Crises Center in a modern meaning, the medical, psycho-social and legal aid which victim needs cannot be given.

Kaynakça

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