AN INVESTIGATION ON SOUND GENERATION IN DIFFERENT FABRICS

Fabric sound is comprised as fabric handle property such as fabric softness, stiffness and drape. As the previous studies were reviewed, it could be seen that, in general different sound generation systems were used in which the fabric was pulled in a constant velocity. In these measurement systems, a fabric sample was rubbed against the face of another fabric sample and the friction occurred face to face. However, in some actions, friction is not always face to face. There are several different movements (such as jogging) and friction types in which the physical properties such as friction, roughness, shear, and bending stiffness act important role on fabric sound. In order to imitate all these situations, “waving movement sound” was designed. In addition to this, “frictional movement sound” was also defined and used to compare waving movement sound with the common (caused by face to face friction) frictional sound. The aim of this study is to investigate the sound generation properties of the fabrics under the influence of different frictions and movements. For this purpose, three different commonly used woven fabrics and three military windcheater fabrics were used and “Level Pressure of Total Sound (LPT)” values of these were measured during “frictional movement” and “waving movement”. According to the results, since frictional movement created higher friction force, LPT values of the frictional movement was found higher than the LPT values of waving movement. Higher bending rigidity and higher kinetic friction coefficient (µ) values increase frictional sound. In conclusion, smoother, thinner and softer surfaces supply lower LPT values in both “frictional movement” and “waving movement” sounds.

AN INVESTIGATION ON SOUND GENERATION IN DIFFERENT FABRICS

Fabric sound is comprised asfabric handle property such as fabric softness, stiffness and drape. As theprevious studies were reviewed, it could be seen that, in general differentsound generation systems were used in which the fabric was pulled in a constantvelocity. In these measurement systems, a fabric sample was rubbed against theface of another fabric sample and the friction occurred face to face. However,in some actions, friction is not always face to face. There are severaldifferent movements (such as jogging) and friction types in which the physicalproperties such as friction, roughness, shear, and bending stiffness actimportant role on fabric sound. In order to imitate all these situations,“waving movement sound” was designed. In addition to this, “frictional movementsound” was also defined and used to compare waving movement sound with thecommon (caused by face to face friction) frictional sound. The aim of this study is toinvestigate the sound generation properties of the fabrics under the influenceof different frictions and movements. For this purpose, three differentcommonly used woven fabrics and three military windcheater fabrics were usedand “Level Pressure of Total Sound (LPT)” values of these were measured during“frictional movement” and “waving movement”. According to the results, sincefrictional movement created higher friction force, LPT values of the frictionalmovement was found higher than the LPT values of waving movement. Higherbending rigidity and higher kinetic friction coefficient (µ) values increasefrictional sound. In conclusion, smoother, thinner and softer surfaces supplylower LPT values in both “frictional movement” and “waving movement” sounds.

Kaynakça

1. Kim, C.; Yang, Y.; Cho, G. Characteristics of Sounds Generated from Vapor Permeable Water Repellent Fabrics by Low-speed Frictions, Fibers and Polymers, 2008, Vol.9, No.5, 639-645

2. Kim, C.; Cho, G.; Hong, K.A. Shim, H.J. Sound Characteristics According to Cross-Sectional Shapes of Fibers, Fibers and Polymers, 2003, Vol.4, No.4, pp. 199-203

3. Na, Y.; Cho, G.; Variations in Sensibility to Fabric Frictional Sound by Fiber Type and Subject, Textile Research Journal; 2003, 73; 837

4. Jin, E.; Cho, G. Effect of Frictional Sound of Combat Uniform Fabrics on Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) Responses, Fibers and Polymers, 2013, Vol.14, No.3, 500-505

5. Yi, E.;Cho, G. Fabric-sound Classification by Autoregressive Parameters, Journal of the Textile Institute, 2000, 91: 4, 530 -545

6. Cho, J.; Cho,G., Determining the Psychoacoustic Parameters That Affect Subjective Sensation of Fabric Sounds at Given Sound Pressures, Textile Research Journal, 2007, 77; polypropylene. 29-37

7. McCullough, E.A. A Comparison of the Comfort and Hand Characteristics of Lining Fabrics, GAMA (Global Acetate Manufacturers Association) Technical Report # 99-08, 1999

8. Kim, C.; Cho, G.; Yoon, H.; Park, S. Characteristics of Rustling Sounds Created by the Structure of Polyester Warp Knitted Fabrics, Textile Research Journal, 2003, 73; pp.685 -691

9. Cho S and Cho G. Minimizing Frictional Sound of PU-Nanoweb and PTFE Film Laminated Vapor Permeable Water Repellent Fabrics. Fibers and Polymers 2012; Vol.13, No:1:123-129, DOI 10.1007/s12221-012-0123-y

10. Yang, Y., Kim, C., Park, J., You, H., Cho, G., Application of the Real Fabric Frictional Speeds to the Fabric Sound Analysis using Water Repellent Fabrics, Fibers and Polymers 2009, Vol.10, No.4, 557-561, DOI 10.1007/s12221-009-0557-z

11. Park C., Cho G., Analysis of Acoustic Characteristics of Fabrics in Terms of Mechanical Properties, Fibers and Polymers 2012; Vol.13, No: 3: 403-410.

11

12. Wang P-N, Ho M-H, Cheng K-B, Murray R, Lin Ch-H. Study on the Friction Sound Properties of Natural-Fiber Woven Fabrics, Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe 2017; 25, 2(122): 34-42. DOI: 10.5604/12303666.1228183

13. http://www.deltaohm.com/ver2008/uk/depliant/hd2010UC_D_uk.pdf

14. Bishop, DP. Fabrics: Sensory and Mechanical Properties. Text. Prog. 1996, 26, 12-13, 41.

15. Giordano, B.L.; Avanzini, F. Chapter 4 Perception and Synthesis of Sound-Generating Materials, Springer-Verlag London 2014, M. Di Luca (ed.), Multisensory Softness, Springer Series on Touch and Haptic Systems, pp 49-84

16. http://www.itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/eda/section3/eda35h1.htm

17. Cho, G.; Casali, J.G.; Yi, E. Effect of Fabric Sound and Touch on Human Subjective Sensation, December, Fibers Polym. 2001, 2(4):196–202

18. Cho G.; Kim C.; Cho J.; Ha J. Physiological Signal Analyses of Frictional Sound by Structural Parameters of Warp Knitted Fabrics, Fibers Polym. 2005, March, 6(1):89– 94

19. http://www.textileweb.com/doc/pneumatic-fabric-stiffness-tester-0001

20. http://aeipro.com/files/congresos/2009badajoz/ciip09_1728_1836.2716.pdf

21. Saville, B.P., Physical Testing of Textiles, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge England, ISBN 0849305683, 1999, 310p.

22. Cooper, C.J., 2013, Acoustics and Friction of Apparel and Model Fabrics, and

Consumer Perceptions of Fabric Sounds, PhD Thesis, School of Chemical Engineering, The University of Birmingham

15776 8365

Arşiv
Sayıdaki Diğer Makaleler

AN INVESTIGATION ON SOUND GENERATION IN DIFFERENT FABRICS

Gamze SÜPÜREN MENGÜÇ, Aslı DEMİR, Faruk BOZDOĞAN, Necdet SEVENTEKİN

YÜZEYLERİNE 2-HİDROKSİ ETİL METAKRİLAT AŞILAMASI İLE YÜN İPLİKLERİN ÇEKME VE HASLIK ÖZELLİKLERİNİ GELİŞTİRMESİ

Fatma NURALIN, Mehlika PULAT

ALT KAT TABAN MALZEMESİNİN PİEZOELEKTRİK AKILLI DOKUMA YAPISININ GERİLİM ÇIKTISIÜZERİNE ETKİSİNE İLİŞKİN BİR ARAŞTIRMA

Derman VATANSEVER BAYRAMOL

GELİNLİK ÜRETİMİNDE MODÜLER ÜRÜN GELİŞTİRME ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

Seda KULELİ, Zümrüt BAHADIR ÜNAL

ELYAF ORANININ BAZALT ELYAF TAKVİYELİ POLİLAKTİK ASİT (PLA) KOMPOZİTLERİN MEKANİK ÖZELLİKLERİ ÜZERİNE ETKİSİ

Mustafa ASLAN, Murat KAYA, Onur GÜLER, Ümit ALVER

WEB-TABANLI KİŞİSELLEŞTİRİLMİŞ CRM YAZILIMININ GELİŞTİRİLMESİ VE UYGULANMASI: TÜRKİYE'DEKİ BİR TEKSTİL İŞLETMESİNE YÖNELİK EYLEM ARAŞTIRMASI

Keti VENTURA, Ural Gökay ÇİÇEKLİ, Serkan Utku ÖZTÜRK

Industrial cotton waste: Recycling, Reclaimed fiber behavior and quality prediction of its blend

Wanassi BÉCHİR, Azouz BÉCHİR, Ben Hassen MOHAMED

FARKLI DİKİŞ İPLİKLERİ İLE FARKLI YIKAMA TİPLERİNİN KUMAŞ VE DİKİŞ MUKAVEMETLERİNE ETKİLERİNİN İNCELENMESİ

Belkıs ZERVENT ÜNAL, Pınar DURU BAYKAL

PREDICTION OF DIMENSIONAL CHANGE IN FINISHED FABRIC THROUGH ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS

Mihriban KALKANCI, Mahmut SİNECEN, Gülseren KURUMER

ÖRME SÜRECİNDE BULANIK TOPSIS KULLANARAK HATA TÜRÜ VE ETKİLERİ ANALİZİ

Esra Kurt TEKEZ